22% of cannabis users are likely to need emergency care and hospitalization: a new study


According to a new study, Canadians who use cannabis have 22 percent higher emergency care and hospitalization than Canadians who do not.

The studyLed by researchers Unity Health Toronto, Catholic hospital networkI found it Use of recreational cannabis It is associated with an increased risk of emergency care and hospitalization for some reason.

According to Dr. Nicholas Bozoris, a pulmonologist at St. Michael’s Hospital and deputy scientist at the hospital’s Li Ka-shing Institute of Knowledge, lead author Nicholas Bozoris, cannabis is not as harmless as its supporters think.

“Unlike tobacco, there are some uncertainties and controversies regarding the adverse health effects of cannabis. For some individuals, cannabis has some health benefits, otherwise it is benign. Our study emphasizes to those who are using or are considering using cannabis that this behavior is associated with important negative health events. “He says. statement June 28th.

Among the reasons for visits to the emergency room and hospitalization, serious physical injury (15.1 percent) and respiratory complaints (14.2 percent) were the two major cannabis users, the study said. I did, Published on Monday of BMJ Open Respiratory ResearchA UK peer-reviewed journal on respiratory and critical care.

Other reasons include gastrointestinal problems, genitourinary problems, and muscle and joint pain.

This study was conducted retroactively using data collected from a survey of individuals who self-reported cannabis use and was previously conducted. Clinical Evaluation Science InstituteFor Ontario residents aged 12-65 years from January 2009 to December 2015.

“Using propensity score matching (statistical matching method), researchers have reported health results for about 4,800 people who have reported cannabis use in the last 12 months, with no or only cannabis. We compared the health results of more than 10,000 individuals who reported using it, more than 12 months ago, “Unity Health Toronto said in a June 28 release.

To minimize bias, the authors said the analysis was adjusted for 31 confounding factors that could explain hospital visits, such as smoking cigarettes, alcohol, and the use of illegal drugs.

The main goal was to determine if there was a link between cannabis use and respiratory-related hospitalizations or visits to the emergency room, but in this study there was a significant link between them. I couldn’t see it.

When there was data Further stratification Significant differences between the two groups are also due to gender, previous hospitalization due to respiratory problems, smoking history, and existing conditions of asthma or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung conditions that make breathing difficult). It was not observed.

However, the study found that cannabis users were 22% more likely to visit or be hospitalized in an emergency room for some reason.

“In addition to being more likely to go to ED or be hospitalized, the findings show that 1 in 25 people who use cannabis go to the emergency department (ED) or are hospitalized within a year of using cannabis. It shows that, “Unity Health Toronto said.

“Our research results are with medical professionals. [the] The government should discourage the general public from consuming recreational cannabis, “Bozoris said.

“Given the situation of cannabis non-criminalization in Canada, it is very likely that it has promoted widespread use of this product in the population, so more effort is needed. [be] Made by our health and political leaders to educate and remind citizens about the negative health effects of cannabis. “

Federal government Legalization The October 2018 recreational use of cannabis puts the drug out of the reach of young people, keeping profits out of the criminal’s pocket, and making it a legitimate supply for adults. It states that it protects public health and safety by making it accessible.

Quote research This trend “affects both the frequency and nature of related adverse events,” as cannabis use is increasing in Canada (mainly among middle-aged and elderly people) following its non-criminalization. May give. “

However, the authors state that limited data access did not allow them to perform a comprehensive analysis.

“We were only able to access cannabis usage data from the time before the non-criminalization of cannabis in Canada (ie, October 2018),” they said.

“Also, because no such data was available, it was not possible to adjust for possible used cannabis smoke exposure among controls.”

Isaac Theo


Isaac Teo is a Toronto-based Epoch Times reporter.