A powerful tribe of Jordan on a course of clashes with the monarchy over royal plots


File-On December 10, 2020, in a file photo released by the Royal Hashemit Court of Jordan, King Abdullah II of Jordan will address the inauguration of the 19th Parliamentary Non-Regular Meeting in Amman, Jordan. The King of Jordan dealt with a public feud with his half-brother, Prince Hamza, and described it as an attempt to

King Abdullah II of Jordan will give a speech in Amman in December. (Yousef Allan / Royal Hashemite Court)

It all started with cake. Jordanian activist Sakher Fayez celebrated his birthday with friends and relatives on April 3 in a family apartment in Amman’s upscale Khaldah district.

Around 4 pm, the deliveryman brought me a cake that no one had ordered. When Faiz’s 16-year-old son opened the door, a dozen masked shooters dressed in black and carrying machine guns rushed in, instigating the house and grabbing everyone on the road.

“I can’t explain the screams, the screams of women and children. They pushed us into the bedroom when they were looking for a house. They got our passport and our cell phone. I took my phone with me, “said Faiz’s sister, Sahar.

“They hunted down my nephew and threatened to shoot him when he tried to escape. This is not what we are used to in Jordan.”

The attack on Faiz’s house was part of a synchronized government activity, and the team attacked different parts of the kingdom with blacked-out SUVs. Catch about 18 friends of Prince HamzaOfficials said it was part of a foreign-backed plan to “destabilize Jordan’s security and stability.”

A strike unit struck the house of Yasel Majari, the former crown prince’s chief, near the city of Kerak, about 55 miles south of Amman. Like Faiz, the shooter handcuffed Majari and handcuffed his car in front of a terrifying family. Relative Samir Majari was shopping on the boulevards of the area when four cars surrounded his car.

“Someone called me from the market and said Samir was taken and his car was in the middle of the street,” said Samir’s brother Mohammad Majari. “They didn’t even park him.”

The Jordanians were shocked by the permeation of the names of the captives (many of which are still unknown). Most of the arrested were welcomed by the country’s so-called Eastbank tribes, monarchical swords and shields for decades, and powerful clans who were soldiers and politicians. East bunkers consider themselves indigenous to the country, not Jordanians from Palestine who came from the western part of the Jordan River.

According to officials, the arrest was the result of a year of surveillance by the military, police and intelligence agencies. In their story, they attacked shortly before zero hours, avoiding the waves of confusion and frustration that Prince Hamza wanted to board and unleash in the palace on behalf of his half-brother Abdullah II.

However, more than a week after the attack, the government has not released details of the incitement. Gag order in the media, Leaked the record of Hamza’s counterattack Opposition to officials who have come to confront him and his disappearance from public have fueled widespread skepticism about the official palace line.

The government claims the plan was “contained,” and King Abdullah and other members of the royal family are showing a united front during Jordan’s 100th Anniversary Ceremony. To this, the uncle agreed to mediate the crisis, both himself and Abdullah, Declaration of loyalty to his half-brother..

As the days went by without the words of their relatives and lack of information about why they were taken, the tribes now find themselves on a clash course with the monarchy they have always supported.

“The government has kidnapped them and I don’t know if they are inside or outside … we have legal means, but if we use them, of course we will escalate,” Nacelle said.・ Majari said. Of Yasser’s brother. “We won’t abandon our sons. The problem will be on a path we don’t want, and you know what escalation means.”

The detained family hired about 85 lawyers in the country and, in consultation with foreign rights groups, accumulated considerable legal firepower.

Jordan's Abdullah II and his half-brother, Prince Hamza

King Abdullah II of Jordan laughs with his half-brother Prince Hamza in 2001. (Yousef Allan / Associated Press)

However, the arrest echoed across tribes and set a precedent for concern among legal groups and activists that conflicted with Jordan’s usual image as a kingdom on the road to democracy, led by a highly beloved and benevolent ruler. Called for caution by saying that it would form.

“Usually when someone is detained, you know where they are and they are allowed to meet their lawyers. Authorities have always respected this,” said Jordan’s National. Aladin Armouti, who heads the Human Rights Center, said. “Other countries in the region do not have the high legal standards we do. This is new to us.”

Jordan is a boot-shaped puzzle piece of almost desert land sandwiched between the territories of Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Palestine, and has become a Western power to support more than 10 million people. I’ve been dependent for a long time. Washington, which counts King Abdullah as the region’s top ally, provided Jordan with a $ 6 billion aid package in 2018 and paid for it in five years.

So far, there has been no lack of diplomatic support for Abdullah in the shocking royal burst.But nevertheless, the crisis Unwavering faith in national institutions, Critics say.

That belief was hit again on Monday when Prime Minister Bisher Al-Kassone said he would introduce the case to prosecutors as part of a national security trial. “In the framework” of the ruling Hashimite family.

It only added to the tribal and popular anger.

“The Jordanian Constitution is clear. Only the King is not subject to legal review. No one else is exempt,” said Mohammad Abdul Majid, a member of the tribe and head of the legal team. Majari says. “If there is a trial, it should apply to everyone.”

The apparent feud between Prince Hamza and his half-brothers symbolizes that the tribes say they are eroding their role during the reign of the current king. Abdullah came to power in 1999, and five years later he nominated his son as crown prince and robbed his father of the title given to Hamza. Beloved King Hussein..

The important role of the tribes in the kingdom was by the Hashemites during World War I. With Lawrence of Arabia, Frustrated the tribes to rebel against their Ottoman oversight. In 1921, Britain founded Jordan (then called Transjordan) with the Hashemites as its ruler. The tribe’s continued loyalty has gained a privileged position in the state, including access to work and special support.

King Hussein continued that tradition, maintaining close ties with the former nomadic tribes of the kingdom and relying on them as state guardians.

“In the days of King Hussein, the tribes were respected,” said Nacelle Majari. “In this current regime, that’s not the case at all. He oppresses everyone.”

Nacelle Majari complained about the exclusion of the tribe from power status, the unequal distribution in official appointments, and the cancellation of many of the benefits the tribe had enjoyed in the past. Instead, the government is now a reference to the technology-oriented officials who led the economic liberalization policy that Abdullah defended and made many Jordanians feel poor, he and others ridiculed. We have what we call a “digital crowd”.

With a voice and face very similar to his father, Hamza is pleased to maintain a close relationship with the tribe, have a cup of tea with the tribal elders, and enjoy regular visits to enjoy the details of the desert-inspired tradition. I went there. The relationship seems to have offended Abdullah, whose fostering and marriage of a foreigner with a Palestinian wife did little to admire Jordan’s East Bunker Elite.

Publicly, tribes are easy to be investigated, tried, and imprisoned if their families prove to be guilty, as long as they remain loyal to Hashimite and are given legal procedures. Insist that you will accept it.

“Our problem is that the government violates the law, enters people’s homes and treats them like criminals. Then I would like to try people with one law and ruling families with another. “?” Said Hisham Majari, a member of the clan and one of the organizers of the legal defenses of his relatives.

“And it’s strange that they do this around the country’s 100th anniversary. With this move, they took us 100 years ago.”

This story was originally Los Angeles Times..