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New York Times

US counties with the least vaccinations have something in common: Trump voters

Currently, about 31% of adults in the United States are fully vaccinated. Scientists estimate that 70% to 90% of the total population must develop resistance to the virus to reach herd immunity. However, in hundreds of counties across the country, vaccination rates are low and even teens are suffering. Immunization rate disparities have so far collapsed primarily along political lines. The New York Times surveyed surveys and vaccination data for almost all U.S. counties, and in counties where the majority of residents voted for the re-election of former President Donald Trump, willingness to get vaccinated and actual vaccination to date We found that both rates were low on average. Due to this phenomenon, some places are in short supply and some are in excess. Health officials across the United States inoculate people for months as coronavirus variants continue to build a foothold and carry mutations that can make the infection more contagious and even fatal. I’ve been competing for. Immunization is speeding up and in many places people are still unable to make reservations due to high demand. In Michigan, where the incident is runaway, Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer recently urged President Joe Biden to send additional doses. Sign up for the morning newsletter from the New York Times, but in more rural and more Republican areas, health officials said supply far exceeded demand. In Wyoming counties, the freezer is packed with unwanted vials, and local health officials have requested the state to stop the initial dose of the vaccine. In Iowa County, the clinic called in people who volunteered to take pictures and told them not to come in because few residents applied for reservations. In a county in Pennsylvania, a hospital set up a drive-through in the park and vaccinated about 1,000 doses. Only about 300 people appeared. More than 20 states, including those who said they were tired a year after hearing lifelong friends, family, and neighbors say the virus was hoax or not particularly serious. And in interviews with county health officials, the most common cause was low vaccination. Evaluate at least partially to a hesitant conservative group. Haley Bloom, a registered Republican and spokeswoman for the Health Department covering Natrona County, Wyoming, where Trump won, said: Last year was a big margin. According to Bloom, the Department of Health has set up a clinic in former Macy’s in a local mall and is ready to provide 1,500 shots a day, four days a week. But she said she couldn’t fill all the slots. Usually 300 or 400 people appear. Bloom, like many other county officials, said he was afraid that herd immunity could not be reached in his community. “It’s scary to think that this may never end,” she said. “These vaccinations take a lot of work.” Approximately 27% of adult residents in Natrona County are fully vaccinated, and the federal government has based on census census data on residents. We estimate that about 32% may hesitate to fire. The relationship between vaccination and politics reflects demographics. Vaccine hesitation is highest in counties that are rural and have low income levels and college graduation rates. This is the same feature found in counties that are likely to have favored Trump. Analysis found that vaccination gaps were small in wealthy Trump-supporting counties with high college graduation rates, but considered income, race, age demographics, population density, county infection and mortality. Even after that, the partisan gap has been maintained. When asked in polls about their vaccination plans, Republicans across the country are far less than Democrats who say they are planning to be shot. Most recently, polls from Monmouth University and Quinnipiac University showed on Wednesday that nearly half of Republicans did not plan to pursue vaccination. Only one in twenty Democrats said the same thing. Using survey data collected in March, the federal government recently produced new estimates of hesitation in all counties and states in the United States. A US Department of Health and Human Services modeler used census using adult demographic factors and state-level responses that said they would “probably not” or “never” receive the COVID-19 vaccine from a household pulse survey. Estimated using the data. Share of residents who might say that in all counties. It is estimated that in more than 500 counties, at least a quarter of adults may be reluctant to get vaccinated, and the majority of these places supported Trump in the last election. In the 10 states where the government predicted that residents would be least hesitant to get the COVID-19 vaccine, voters chose Biden in the 2020 elections. Trump won in nine of the ten states that most residents probably or definitely wouldn’t vaccinate. (He didn’t beat one of those states, Georgia.) Dr. Jean Stashon, a health officer in Sweetwater County, Wyoming, said about 31% of the population was reluctant to vaccinate. I’m estimating. Made a difficult philosophical decision to prioritize taking shots enthusiastically. At least once, it meant opening the vial, even when there weren’t enough people interested to run out of all the doses in it. “It’s hard to think that the Governor of Michigan is begging for a vaccine, and there are vials and vials in the freezer,” she said. Mr. Stashon, who has been registered with both Democrats and Republicans in the past and considers himself politically independent, said he did not give up hope. Sweetwater is fully vaccinated in about 29% of adult residents. Trump won the county last year by more than 50 points. In Grant County, North Dakota, which is home to about 2,400 people, the federal government estimates that 31% of the population may not want to shoot. Trump won the county significantly last year. “People tell me,’I want to wait.’ That’s the best thing I’ve heard,” said Custer Health, an administrator serving Grant and four other counties. One Erin Ourada said. “I keep seeing Grant County sitting at the bottom of the list. I’m sad.” About 13% of the adults living there are completely vaccinated. Actual vaccination data revealed a pattern similar to that shown by polls and federal estimates. The Times analyzed data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the US Census Bureau and found a small but important party split. In the counties where the majority of the population voted for Trump in the 2020 elections, the average adult vaccination rate was lower than in the counties where the majority of the population voted for Biden. Especially low in Trump-dominated counties, less than one in four counties in which the former president won by more than 50 points. Vaccination rate disparities remained after considering various factors such as infection rate, population density, and educational background. Vaccination data may not match the splits predicted by polling data due to the way deployments are organized in the United States. All states prioritize older Americans early on, and young adults in many states recently qualify. Recent polls have shown that older Republicans are less resistant to vaccination than younger Republicans. According to a Times analysis, the complete vaccination rate for older people in Republican counties was 5% lower than the national average, while the total vaccination rate for young adults was 18% lower than the average. This shows that as young people are vaccinated nationwide, the disparity in vaccination can actually widen. Indeed.com Chief Economist Jedcorco, who studied the partisan side of the pandemic, said some of the differences in vaccination rates could be caused by distribution issues and eligibility rules. But as eligibility becomes more universal, “the difference will be greater only for hesitation,” he said. The percentage of vaccine doses used by each state may provide clues as to how hesitation will evolve in the future. At the beginning of March, all states were able to manage a similar share of the doses offered to them. But now, some states are lagging behind. On average, the 10 states where residents were least hesitant to get the COVID-19 vaccine received 82% of the dose they received, according to federal estimates. The 10 states that the population was most hesitant to use used 72%. Dr. Lisa Cooper, director of the Johns Hopkins Health Disparity Center, said he wasn’t surprised that people with a conservative tendency might be less likely to want the vaccine. “These are the people who were told the truth about how the virus wasn’t real,” Cooper said. “I think we’re also successful in the field of vaccination.” Certainly, there are counties that supported Trump in the last election and now have above-average vaccination rates. Some officials in those counties said their rate had recently leveled off. In Tama District, Iowa, where Trump won significantly last year and vaccination rates are above the national average, the Health Department runs a clinic at a former juvenile correctional facility several days a week. Until recently, staff and volunteers regularly gave shots to about 120 to 150 people a day, according to the department’s secretary-general and registered Democrat Shannon Zovka. She expected the phone to go off-hook when the state expanded its eligibility rules to include all adults. Instead, she said about 120 people made reservations throughout the past week. “When you reach that saturation point, you are unaware that it is coming,” she said. “It just happens.” Similarly, some counties that supported Biden are currently lagging behind in vaccination efforts. In Hudson County, NJ, which greatly supported Biden last year, about 25% of adult residents are fully vaccinated. The county’s deputy administrator and registered Democrat, David Dormerer, has not had enough supplies to meet demand, many residents do not have cars, and are grouped elsewhere in the state. He said he was having a hard time getting to the vaccination site. Drumeler said the county is cracking down on residence requirements within the county to ensure that its supply has reached its intended goals. “It’s very frustrating that the percentage of people who get vaccinated when all our shots get into their arms is very low,” said Drumeler. “But hesitation is not the hurdle we are still facing.” The situation is exactly the opposite in Potter County, Pennsylvania, where Trump wins significantly and recent drive-through vaccine clinics can’t attract a bunch of people. was. Kevin Kraknell, who spent 13 years as a registered nurse in the intensive care unit of a local hospital, said his biggest fear was that the wave of infections would continue to rush as few people were vaccinated in the area. Said. Through the community for the next few years. Cracnel, a registered Democrat, recalled this January when a virus patient (who he knew from town) began filling his hospital bed. “It’s not like the other viruses I’ve seen in my life,” he said. “It does damage to the lungs.” Cracknell exhaled a long breath. “Most of my patients favored Trump,” he said. “I love them to death. I want them to succeed. I want them to be healthy.” So far, only about 15% of adults in the county have been completely vaccinated. Have received. This article was originally published in The New York Times. © 2021 The New York Times Company