According to experts, Indian missile tests are meaningless as warning shots to Beijing

India’s recent nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile tests followed the failure of military and diplomatic negotiations between India and China, and reports of supersonic missile tests by the Chinese administration.

However, experts told The Epoch Times that India’s test shots were not a retaliatory response to the administration’s recent actions.

Agni-5 features

Animesh Roul, the secretary-general of the New Delhi-based Peace and Conflict Research Association, said India was not the first to test-launch an Agni-5 surface-to-ground ballistic missile. Agni-5 was tested several times in 2012, 2013 and 2018.

“But the October 27 test on Abdul Kalam Island on the Orissa coast was the first trial of a missile by the Strategic Army Command deploying India’s nuclear weapons,” he said.

This confirms that Agni-V nuclear-capable missiles can be quickly deployed from strategic locations in India, Roul added.

The missile test was also important because it reaffirmed India’s official policy of having a credible minimum deterrence and commitment. No first use of nuclear weaponsMaheshdevata, an assistant professor at Jawaharlal Nehru University in India, said:

With a launch weight of approximately 100,000 pounds, this nuclear-capable missile can carry up to 3,000 pounds of warhead. The Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) of India reported that the Agni-5 missile has a maximum range of up to 3,600 miles.

Others, including DuWenlong, a researcher at the PLA’s Academy of Military Sciences, have proposed a range of nearly 5,000 miles. In this case, Agni-5 can attack almost all of mainland China and reach the northernmost tip of the country.

Continued crisis

Border disputes between India and China have existed for decades, and these unresolved territorial disputes have caused many disputes over the years.

A violent clash between Indian and Chinese troops in the remote Himalayan region of eastern Ladakh in early May 2020 provided new lows for the opportunity to resolve the conflict, Roll said. There were reportedly dozens of injuries and deaths on both sides.

In response to the deadly confrontation, he said: [and] Since then, weapons. “

After repeated military and diplomatic negotiations, Roll said signs of withdrawal had begun. However, he went on to say that the 13th military negotiations between India and China in October ended in a stalemate without further progress. “So the border issue between the two countries remains volatile,” he said.

According to Roul, continued tensions between the two countries could give the Chinese administration a reason to adopt the Agni-5 test as a sign of India’s aggressive military stance.

Not a warning shot

Some experts describe the launch of the Agni-V missile as a warning shot from India to China.

Roul objected that “displaying missile muscles as warning shots or as part of an offensive or defensive attitude” was unwise for any country.

“India is very familiar with China’s excellent missile capabilities and flexibility. [its own] Muscles are wasteful and counterproductive [to diplomatic and military talks],” He said.

“It’s not correct to assume that a successful test of the Agni-V missile off the coast of Orissa is” a warning to any country, targeting a particular country, “said Devata.

Missile testing is not uncommon in India. Prior to Agni-V, Roll said the other four missiles were operationally deployed with different ranges and payload capabilities. India could simply show China “the continued development of ground-based conventional missiles and nuclear forces,” he said.

“Since the first test of the Agni category missile in 1989, it has been a powerful force in India’s defense system, and the current launch is described as the right step to further strengthen India’s defense capabilities,” said Devata. I can.”

“This test may help India build domestic consensus and peace of mind about its military power and overall military morale,” Roll said during a time when the Chinese administration was at its full potential. No, “he said.

The Agni-V missile is “clearly part of India’s strategic deterrent to China,” he added.

JM Phelps

JM Phelps

Freelance reporter


JM Phelps is a writer and researcher of both Islamist and Chinese threats.