Afghan security is linked to world security: Senior Afghan Diplomat

New Delhi — Prior to the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan on May 1, Afghanistan’s Indian ambassador and former senior political adviser to the Afghanistan National Security Council said in an exclusive interview that Afghanistan is fighting international terrorism rather than civil war. I told the Epoch Times. .. The withdrawal of the military must not be timed, he said.

“One fact to remember is that we are not fighting a civil war, we are fighting, Afghanistan is fighting, it is an international terrorism. Therefore, it is not a conflict in Afghanistan, but Afghanistan. Is a conflict fighting for internationals and for the region, “Ambassador Farid Mamunzai said on the phone.

“Therefore, the May 1 deadline needs to be revisited and thoroughly considered, and the decision on the withdrawal of international forces must be based on the reality and the fight on earth.”

The United States and the Taliban mediated a permanent ceasefire arrangement in February last year, and all foreign troops should withdraw from the country by May 1. However, the Biden administration has not yet announced the next stage of action.

Mamunzai said the world had to suffer from multiple terrorist attacks in the past as the global terrorist network, including al-Qaeda, was given the opportunity to grow larger and stronger during the Taliban administration.

“The 27th report of the UN Security Council’s Analytical Support and Sanctions Oversight Team (S / 2021/68) expressed concern about the ongoing relationship between the Taliban and international terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda.” Mamunzai said.

Approximately 2,500 US troops are stationed in Afghanistan, and an interview with Mamundzai’s Epoch Times will take place a few weeks after Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin. Visit to the country And a few days before the peace conference between the Afghan administration and the Taliban in Turkey, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken proposed last month in a letter to President Ashraf Ghani under a UN-led peace process.

President Gani will reportedly present a three-phase peace roadmap in Turkey.But new violence between Afghan troops and the Taliban is already Suspicion forced About the success of the Peace Conference.

“Failed Afghanistan is not in favor of anyone,” Mamunzai said.Considering whether the situation in Afghanistan has improved, the withdrawal of troops must be conditional, not time-limited, then withdrawal, then the power and capabilities of the Afghan people, defense and security forces. These units must be ready to undertake international terrorist organizations. “

Epoch Times Photo
A man reading a local newspaper showing a photo of US President Joe Biden, newly elected in Kabul on November 8, 2020. (WakilKohsar / AFP via Getty Images)

Grow democratically

The three-stage peace roadmap reported to be announced by President Gani in Turkey states: “(1) Hold peace or talks with the Taliban, (2) Build peace in words suggesting a provisional government, (3) Sustainable peace indirectly refers to the post-transition government situation. ” Afghan broadcaster Tolo News..

However, the Afghan embassy in New Delhi told The Epoch Times that there is still no official peace proposal from their side.

Mamunzai, formerly Deputy Director of Afghanistan’s Independent Local Government (IDLG), said Afghanistan has been striving to grow into a full-fledged democracy for the past two decades.

“Afghanistan is still a very new democracy. We have experienced full-scale democracy for the last 20-21 years, so it has reached the stage where our institutions have grown and fully matured. Because we need to give them time to do it, “he added. Democratic institutions are made up of national and state levels, but district demand is rising. assembly.

“People’s will is there. The need is felt and the demand for these institutions has increased over the years. Therefore, these grassroots systems appear to be an integral part of Afghanistan’s democratic system. For the first time, a sense of accountability and transparency was born Together with civil society organizations across the country at the grassroots level, these organizations make a significant contribution to Afghanistan’s overall democracy, “he said.

Mamunzai said Afghanistan wants to maintain the profits it has made over the last two decades and further develop it as a nation. “Strengthening inclusive and democratic institutions and promoting the rights of women and children will remain our number one priority for the next few years under President Gani’s rule,” he said. I did.

Epoch Times Photo
Farid Mamunzai, Afghanistan’s Indian ambassador and former senior political adviser to the Afghan National Security Council, and a woman in Kabul’s local rule. (Photo courtesy of Farid Mamundzay)

Young men and women in Afghanistan are a “light of hope” because young democracy needs leaders, helping a war-torn country transform into a modern country, Mamunzai said. ..

“A new generation of young leaders, both male and female, to transform a war-torn country into a modern society, a multidimensional society, a democratic values-based society, a just and just society. We are responsible, ”adding young leaders has played an important role in bringing Afghans together over the last two decades.

“They came up with some great initiatives, some great ideas. The new generation is in a unique position to move Afghanistan forward for several reasons. First, most of them are in the civil war. I saw the Taliban’s brutality and oppression, “he said.

“Second, these people want to achieve an unprecedented set of education and abilities and contribute through their learning and experience to improve the living conditions of the Afghan people. Third, they want to contribute. To represent a larger demographic part of a country without limiting itself. To a particular region, to a particular ethnic group. “

Mamundzay said the country’s thinking has changed. As the governing structure was established and living conditions improved, people began to dream of things they couldn’t do before.

Twenty years ago, a conflict-torn country was so vulnerable that all parents wanted their children to survive, but today parents are more connected to the outside world and are the best for their children. I will send you to study at the educational institutions around you. He said in the region and around the world.

He gave the example of India, where 20,000 Afghan students are currently studying, and said this had never happened before.

“And there is more motivation and passion among the new leaders in Afghanistan. Young people are fed up with conflict, and given the oppression and brutality of the last 40 years, there are many reasons for hope. I think there is, for better Afghanistan, “he said.

Epoch Times Photo
Taken on May 15, 2019, Afghan Army (ANA) soldiers are participating in a military exercise at a base in the Guzara district of Herat. (Hoshang Hashimi / AFP via Getty Images)

Geopolitical growth

Although Afghanistan relies on the support of international alliances, Afghanistan plays an important role because it is a landlocked country connecting South Asia and Central Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East, and the Middle East and South Asia, Mamunzai said. .. Geopolitically.

“It provides a great opportunity for the region for economic cooperation and regional ties. It acts as a bridge between continents, within continents and within this region of the world,” he adds, adding peace to Afghanistan. He added that it would ensure peace and economic development throughout the region.

“With some great initiatives, pipeline initiatives such as Chabahar, Lapis Lazuli, Tutap and Tapi, we don’t think we need foreign help in the coming years,” he said.

Chabal is Iran’s strategic port in the Gulf of Oman India-led project It may be launched by May. The project will work with the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), which currently has 10 participating countries in Central Asia.

Epoch Times Photo
On May 31, 2017, US soldiers are guarding near the scene of a car bomb in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. (AWAKILKOHSAR / AFP via Getty Images)

Lapis Lazuli is another international corridor connecting Afghanistan and Turkey via Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Georgia, TUTAP (Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan) is a power project and TAPI (Turkmenistan-Afghanistan- Pakistan India) is an international gas pipeline project. ..

Mamundozai said at the Shikoku Security Alliance between the United States, India, Japan and Australia, which held the first leadership-level virtual summit on March 12, with Afghanistan in the situation today and with that desire in mind. He said he had some expectations for a QUAD. ..

He said Afghanistan hopes that QUAD will contribute to regional peace, especially the peace process in Afghanistan, with the will of the Afghan people in mind.

“This is contributing to the economic growth of the region, especially through India-led initiatives to solve the challenges of Chabahar Port and other similar projects. Regional security by working closely with other states in the region. That is, tackling terrorist financing, fighting networks of terrorists, drug trafficking, and other organized crimes, ”says Mamundzay.