As the lake dries, the Mexican drought reaches critical levels

Mexico City (AP) —The drought situation currently covers 85% of Mexico, and residents of the country’s central region said Thursday that the country’s second-largest freshwater lakes and reservoirs were simply depleted. Said.

The mayor of Mexico City said the drought was the worst in 30 years and there were problems with reservoirs that store water from other states to supply the capital.

Like the Villa Victoria Reservoir to the west of the capital, some of them are one-third of their normal capacity and it takes a month and a half before heavy rains are expected.

Isais Salgado, 60, was trying to fill his water truck at Villa Victoria. This usually takes only 30 minutes. On Thursday he estimated that it would take three and a half hours to pump water into a 10,000-liter tanker.

“The reservoir is running out,” Salgado said. “If they continue to pump water, by May it will be completely dry and the fish will die.”

Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum of Mexico City said that as the drought worsened, more people tended to water their lawns and gardens, which exacerbated the problem.

The capital’s 9 million inhabitants depend on Villa Victoria and two other reservoirs (a combined capacity of about 44%) for a quarter of the water. Most of the rest comes from wells in the city limits. However, the city’s own water table is declining, and leaked pipes are wasting much of what was brought into the city.

Rogelio Angeles Hernandez, 61, has been fishing in the waters of Villa Victoria for the past 30 years. He is not so worried about his catch. In the past dry season, as the water level dropped, residents were able to cart fish with a wheelbarrow.

However, tourism in reservoirs such as Valle de Bravo further west has been hit by lower water levels.

After all, it is the capital that really suffers.

“Fishing is the same, but the real impact is on the people of Mexico City. They are trying to get less water,” said Angeles Hernandez.

Further west of Michoacan, the country is at risk of losing its second-largest lake, Lake Cuitzeo. At Lake Cuitzeo, about 70% of the bottom of the lake is currently dry. Although the main cause is drought, residents say that roads built across shallow lakes and diversion of water for human use also played a role.

Michoacan Governor Silvano Aureols said the coastline community was hit by a sandstorm as most of the lake dried up. He said the community might have to start planting vegetation on the bottom of the lake to prevent them.

In a petition to the government, residents of the community around the lake said that only six of the 19 species of fish that once existed in Quizeo are now left. They said the sandstorm caused tens of thousands of respiratory and intestinal infections among the locals.