Attacks on Iran’s nuclear facilities have complicated Biden’s diplomatic support for Tehran, experts said.


Washington — White House spokesman Jen Psaki denied US involvement on Monday, Sunday explosion Damage to Iran’s nuclear facilities could complicate the Biden administration’s efforts to bring the Tehran government back to the negotiating table.

“The next round of nuclear negotiations will always be tough, but they’re just tough,” Eric Brewer, deputy director and senior researcher of the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ nuclear research project, emailed Yahoo. I wrote in. news.

President Biden

President Biden meets with a bipartisan group of parliamentarians. (Amr Alfiky / New York Times / Bloomberg via Getty Images)

Early on Sunday, Natanz’s nuclear facility, best known as the initial target of the 2010 US-Israeli joint cyberattack, called Stuxnet, experienced power outages or blackouts as a result of a catastrophe. Sunday’s attacks, whether by digital disruption or purely physical destruction Link to Israel Under pressure by Israeli journalists to be more public about recent actions by Israeli authorities against Iran.

Iranian officials on Monday As Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Agency, labeled the power outage, he vowed revenge on Israel. The act of “nuclear terrorism”. Attack was done next day Iran celebrate On that “National Nuclear Technology Day”, nearly 200 new advanced centrifuges were announced.

“The United States wasn’t involved in any way,” Saki said at a White House press conference on Monday, reiterating what anonymous US officials did. I was talking to reporters before“I saw reports of the incident at the Natanz enrichment facility in Iran,” he said. “The United States is not involved and there is nothing to add to speculation about the cause.”

Biden’s administration navigates escalation after inheriting the aftermath of President Trump’s “greatest pressure” campaign on Iran, including targeted killings of Iran’s military leader Qasem Soleimani, abandonment of nuclear agreements, and reimbursement of severe sanctions Need to understand how tensions to bring Iran back to the negotiating table in an attempt to rush to start a deal negotiated under former President Obama.

US diplomats are in the early stages of working with Iran to revive and perhaps strengthen the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) during the Obama era. This is an agreement that temporarily limits Iran’s ability to develop nuclear weapons and enables independence. Inspection before being abandoned by President Trump in May 2018.

Donald Trump

Donald Trump will sign a document on May 8, 2018 to revive sanctions on Iran. (Sole robe via Getty Images / AFP)

Last week, U.S. officials, including Special Envoy Rob Murray, and senior Iranian officials met with third-party negotiators, including Russia and China, led by the European Union, and what to do to bring the parties back together. Preliminary discussions have begun on whether it is necessary. transaction.

Elections in Iran are imminent, and Tehran officials have previously refused to meet directly with US responders. Still, the Biden administration is optimistic about the process that authorities have already said will be long and complex. “Overall, the debate was productive,” a senior government official told reporters on Friday. “There is still a question mark as to whether Iran is willing to do what it takes to take the practical approach that the United States has taken to comply with its obligations under the agreement.”

Iran Lead negotiateMeanwhile, r said the talks were “going in the right direction,” and the three parties will meet again in Vienna later this week.

Brewer said one of the main questions at these first meetings was whether Iran was willing to return to compliance without removing all sanctions from the Trump era, with less concessions. He said it could open the door to strong deals. The elimination of sanctions remained the cornerstone of the controversy in Vienna. Creates a potential deadlock allegedly..

Now, following Israel’s attack on Natanz, it “seems quite unlikely” to move forward without sanctions, Brewer wrote.

In addition, the attack on Natanz additionally shunned Iran from diplomacy, especially if its senior leaders believed or claimed that the United States had somehow been involved or played a role in approving Israeli actions. May give an excuse.

Lloyd Austin

Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin of Jerusalem, April 12, 2021. (Pool via Menahem Kahana / Reuters)

Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin made an inaugural trip to Israel the weekend just before the attack. He celebrated He declared his commitment to “US-Israel Defense Cooperation” and “continue close discussions on the threat posed by Iran and strengthen Israel’s security.” It is unknown whether Austin was aware of Israel’s plans to attack Natanz. Still, the White House’s denial of its active role and its urgency to attribute its actions to Israel is parallel to Biden’s diplomatic preference.

“There’s little the United States can do here other than disagree,” Brewer said.

Still, the lack of commentary and criticism of Israeli actions from the White House could create the impression that the United States does not support its commitment to re-implement global standards, especially for engagement with partners in the Middle East. There is. “Saudi Arabia is blocking the already devastated Yemen in famine. Israel is attacking Iran’s nuclear site in a sensitive P5 + 1 Iranian diplomacy. These measures by client countries have been taken by the United States. It is unclear how it will help strengthen the “rule-based international order.” “ Tweet Senator Bernie Sanders’ foreign policy adviser, Matt Das, decided that he would be more influential outside the administration after he had largely accepted his role in the Biden Department of State.

In any case, the Biden team needs to decide how to incorporate and respond to Israeli actions.

In addition to the explosion in Natanz on Sunday, Israel was also associated with a series of explosions at various nuclear enrichment sites last summer, and the assassination of Iran’s top nuclear scientist Mosen Facrizade in November 2020. I have.

Iranian army members

Members of the Iranian army in the casket of the murdered nuclear scientist Mosen Fafrizade, November 30, 2020. (AFP via Hamed Malepur / Tasnim News / Getty Images)

by analysis This type of Israeli attack by Dalia Dassakei, a Wilson Center Fellow and former director of the RAND Corporation’s Middle East Policy Center, is aimed at attacking Iran directly rather than limiting its interests. It fits the “octopus doctrine”. A proxy like Hezbollah.As Kay wrote in an article last summer, Israel’s targeting of Iran’s nuclear facilities has not always been strategically successful, and probably Was effective To accelerate Iran’s nuclear ambitions.

“The question is what message the Biden administration is sending to Israel.” She wrote In a tweet on Sunday night. “It is unlikely that the United States will welcome such an attack during this sensitive period of diplomacy.” Anyway, given Israel’s disdain for the current JCPOA, the United States should expect increased Israeli resistance. She concluded.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been involved in his own domestic political challenges, and Israel has recently become a journalist. Not tolerated A transaction that “threats us with annihilation.” He said it was “not worth it” given that the nuclear deal was mediated by Iran’s “extreme regime.” Iran, on the other hand, is tackling its own challenges and opportunities. As Democratic Senator Chris Murphy pointed out on Tuesday, Iran has rekindled nuclear research, allowing its agents to attack the U.S. military again, Drive the wedge between The United States and its allies. The Trump administration’s abandonment of trade and Sunday’s attack have given Iranian officials an issue to condemn diplomatic attempts.

Chris Murphy

Senator Chris Murphy of Connecticut. (Greg Nash / The Hill / Bloomberg via Getty Images)

However, Iran is also working on catastrophic sanctions, a coronavirus pandemic, additional economic challenges, and the loss of both its top military personnel and nuclear scientists, a senior researcher at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Said Benham Ben Taleble. Despite the recent attacks and imminent elections, it is in Iran’s interest to receive sanctions relief, he told Yahoo News.

“I think I tend to abuse the resilience and immobility of Iran’s negotiations and settle for the latest sources of pressure on them, such as Israeli covert operations and Biden’s sanctions,” said Tareburu. It was. But “I think it lacks a forest for trees … I don’t think this will contribute to Iran’s negotiations,” he said.

“If sanctions remain, even the far-right side of Iran would be anxious for the defeat of the” great devil “at the negotiating table,” Taleble concludes.

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