Australia Achieves Record Low Emissions Utilizing Forests and Land

Australia’s carbon emissions estimates have fallen to their lowest levels in the last three decades, primarily due to offsets from the country’s vast lands and forests.

Recently released data show that land containing forests and other vegetation (which absorbs and stores carbon dioxide) plays an important role in reducing carbon dioxide emissions.

The data was released as part of December 2020. Quarterly Update of Australia’s national greenhouse gas inventory, which is an annual reporting requirement under the United Nations Kyoto Protocol. This is the only legally binding contract in the world to reduce emissions.

Unlike other sectors, land management is also known as “land use, land use change, forestry” (LULUCF), but it can remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and act as a “sink” of carbon. There is sex.

Since peaking at 638 million tonnes (megatons, or 1 million tonnes) in 2007, Australia’s total emissions have fallen by 21.7% to a new low of 499 million tonnes in 2020. Did.

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A plot of Australia’s annual greenhouse gas emissions from 2002 to 2020. And land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF). (Daniel Kumerev / The Epoch Times)

In particular, the report outlines that clearing operations and reductions in primary forest logging have contributed significantly to the reduction of emissions.

It is also due to the improvement of “soil carbon” by encouraging farmers to adopt strategies that help maximize carbon absorption and retention in agricultural soils.

The Australian Government lists soil carbon as one of five routes. Statement on low emission technologyEstimated to be onshore to further reduce emissions between 2011 and 2016, after it was revealed that the sector offset 3.5% of artificially induced emissions in all sectors. It depends on the sector.

It also recently promised $ 36.7 million for further research in the form of the National Soil Carbon Innovation Challenge.

Other minor emission reduction sources include energy associated with the transition from coal to gas, wind and solar, as well as the recent plunge in transportation demand following COVID-19.

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A coal seam gas well and sewage treatment plant in the Pilliga Forest, Naraburi, New South Wales, Australia, February 6, 2021 (Photo courtesy of Brook Mitchell / Getty Images)

All this means that Australia will generate 499 million tonnes of emissions in 2020, according to current carbon emissions data. This is 19.9 percent below the 2005 level. If this trend continues, Australia is projected to meet or even exceed the requirements of the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement to reduce emissions by 5% from the 2000 level by 2020. 2030.

However, the climate council, Australia’s highest body of climate change, I haven’t done enough.

“Australia’s progress is far from what is needed. Recent analysis shows that our emissions are 2005, excluding emissions from land-use changes (which the federal government has virtually no control over). 7% more than the yearly level, “said the Climate Council.

“The federal government is trying to acknowledge emissions reductions that have made no contribution at all quarterly. Instead, it is curbing progress in the scale and pace of emission reductions needed,” said a climate council researcher. Tim Baxter said.

“In the meantime, the federal government has not introduced a single climate policy that has clearly reduced emissions. It is the development of renewable energy technologies that support the transition from fossil fuels, or incentives to buy electric vehicles. give away.”

Energy and Emissions Minister Angus Taylor said he would prioritize investing in low-emission technologies to reach his goals as part of Australia’s “technology, not taxes” approach.

“The government has a comprehensive set of policies to fulfill its emission reduction commitments, encourage innovation and support new low-emission technologies,” Taylor said.

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Angus Taylor, Minister of Energy, Parliament, Canberra, Australia, May 13, 2020 (Sam Mooy / Getty Images)

“As part of the 2021-22 budget, the government has announced an additional $ 1.6 billion to strengthen Australia’s position as a leader in low-emission technologies and meet Australia’s emission reduction targets. From to 2030.

This includes $ 540 million Capture of hydrogen and carbon Technology, and $ 100 million Blue carbon marine ecosystem..

The Australian Government is also targeting gas as a reliable source of energy in the transition to renewable energy. Climate activist group..

Australia’s largest aluminum smelter Forcibly turn off the power Several times a month, after a 18,000% surge in energy prices, after the shutdown of coal-fired power plants forced the grid to rely primarily on renewable energy sources.

Angus Taylor previously stated that the anti-gas movement does not help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but only penalizes Australian families and businesses.

According to CSIRO’s report (pdf) Compared to coal, using gas at home for power generation reduces emissions by an estimated 31 or 50 percent, depending on the type of gas turbine used.

“Ironically about gas, many anti-gas activists say,’Well, it’s important to get rid of gas for emissions,'” he said. “Frankly, now More gas in our system reduces emissions. “

“We have activists who are acting against the interests of Australia, the interests of Australian manufacturing, and the interests of Australian SMEs and households,” Taylor said.

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