The Australian Prime Minister said he would avoid Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s approach to address climate change through aggressive emission targets and instead continue to develop new technologies to provide renewable energy to the country. ..
“We are working on a plan for Australia’s national interest,” Scott Morrison told reporters.
When asked why he did not follow the initiative of other developed countries by setting ambitious medium-term climate goals, the Prime Minister said, “The plans we are pursuing are being made through technology.” I answered.
“Last night I noticed one big economy. [during the Leaders’ Summit on Climate]I think it was 45% by 2030, making a huge commitment. They also announced $ 170 per ton of carbon price, “he said.
“I don’t do that in Australia,” he added. “I get there with technology, not tax.”
Last week, 40 world leaders met online at the Climate Change Leaders Summit to discuss further actions on climate change.
Some major economies have promised accelerated or medium-term targets to reach net zero emissions by 2050. Net zero refers to a country that reaches a balance in the amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere. For resources, they extract from the earth.
Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has promised to reduce emissions by 40-45% by 2030. This is well above the previous target of 30% agreed in the 2015 Paris Agreement.
With this move, the Federal Government of Canada will try to rebuild the country’s electricity supply methods, including housing, cars, factories and food production.
Trudeau acknowledged the challenges Canada would face in trying to reach these goals, especially as a major energy producer, but said that “only bold climate policies lead to bold results.”
He also announced one Of the highest carbon tax Globally, by 2030, the amount has increased from $ 50 per ton to $ 170 per ton.
“Yes, you heard that right,” Trudeau told the online summit.
“If the major economies in the room, following Canada’s initiative, adopt higher prices for pollution and promise to phase out coal-fired power plants, a global to a safe and prosperous net-zero future. It will accelerate the road. “
Meanwhile, US President Joe Biden has set a goal of reducing emissions by 50-52% by 2030. The European Union aims to reduce emissions by 55%. The UK has promised a 78% goal by 2035, which Prime Minister Boris Johnson described as the “most ambitious goal” in the world.
India, Russia and China have not set medium-term targets.
Australian Prime Minister Morrison also refuses to set new goals, claiming that the country is already on track to achieve its previous promises under the 2020 Kyoto Protocol and the 2030 Paris Agreement. did.
He also pointed out the significant impact of major emitters.
“If the United States and its economies of size, especially China, continue to build weekly coal-fired power plants and their emissions continue to increase until 2030, these emissions will be combined and the world will address the next 30 years. The carbon load would be, “he said.
Salvatore Baborns, an expert in Asian political economy at the University of Sydney, said coal demand remains high no matter what commitments are discussed at the summit.
“No matter what people say at the Climate Summit, the serious reductions in global coal use are still at least a decade away,” he added. “Most coal is burned in poor middle-income countries like China, which do not participate in climate goals.”