Beijing is responding to the US alliance against “Wolf Warrior Diplomacy.” Does it backfire?


At the opening session of the US-China talks held at the Captain Cook Hotel in Anchorage, Alaska on Thursday, March 18, Yang Jiechi (center), the foreign minister of the Chinese Communist Party, and Wang Yi, a member of the State Council of China (left). Second) will give a lecture in 2021.  (Frederick J. Brown / Pool via AP)

Chinese Communist Party Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi will speak at the opening session of the US-China talks held at the Captain Cook Hotel in Anchorage on March 18. (Frederick J. Brown / Pool Photo)

Beijing’s attitude towards the United States and its allies can be summarized in two stinging reprimands printed on T-shirts, stickers, hats, umbrellas, and Taobao products of all kinds. I can’t stand this! “

These sentiments, spoken by Chinese Communist Party foreign policy officer Yang Jiechi at the US-China conference in Anchorage last month, have been constantly repeated by state media and commercialized by enterprising online sellers. They capture the arrogant rebellion that defined China’s foreign policy over the past three months as Beijing challenges the Biden administration, which is regaining America’s global alliance.

Beijing’s refusal to accept criticism from the United States and its friends is becoming more and more warlike as international criticism accelerates. A week before the Anchorage conference, Biden hosted a virtual “quad” summit with India, Australia and Japan. A few days later, the United States, along with the European Union, Great Britain and Canada, began sanctioning Uighurs for human rights abuses. Other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang.

The following week, 14 countries issued a joint statement criticizing the WHO investigation of COVID-19 origin in China. This month, the Japanese Prime Minister issued a joint statement with Washington calling for “peace and stability throughout the Taiwan Strait.” This is Taiwan’s first mention in a US-Japan statement for the first time in nearly 50 years.

China's new Shandong aircraft carrier lined with sailors

In the photo released on December 27, 2019, sailors are lined up on the deck of Shandong Aircraft Carrier at the commissioning ceremony held at the Navy Port in Sanya, Hainan Province, southern China. (Li Jiang / Xinhua News Agency)

In the face of such collaborative pressure, Beijing, which is financially strong and increasingly confident, is showing no signs of forgiveness. Instead, it strengthened military operations around the Taiwan Strait, the most dangerous flash point between Beijing and Washington. China also Coast Guard firing on foreign ships in the South China SeaContinued Crackdown in Hong Kong Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Western scholars, think tanks, lawyers, parliamentarians, and several EU agencies have been issued counter sanctions.

While Chinese diplomats are increasing the aggression of “wolf warriors” abroad, the propaganda sector is strengthening nationalism domestically and encouraging boycotts of foreign companies concerned about forced labor in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. ..

The Chinese ambassador to Sweden recently threatened journalists and demanded that they stop reporting critically about China or otherwise “face the consequences” of his actions. Earlier this year, the Chinese embassy in Prague threatened that Czech legislators in Prague would suffer if they visited Taiwan.

On Twitter, the Chinese Consulate General in Rio de Janeiro recently posted a photo of Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, calling him a “boy” and a “save on spending !!!”.He accused him of turning Canada into an “American running dog”

Susan Shark, chairman of the 21st Century China Center at the University of California, San Diego, said such an approach from the outside would seem counterproductive, especially if the United States is trying to distance itself from the toxic global policies of the former Trump administration. Said.

“they [Beijing] Choosing to fight many other nations, they threatened, and they pushed everyone else into our arms, “Shark said. “It’s very self-defeat, appears to have gone too far? – it will cause you to wonder, do you Xi Jinping has made a how to determine if he lives in the echo chamber? Does he have good information about China’s opposition to action? “

Xi Jinping and Mao's portrait

China’s Xi Jinping Jintao in Beijing of the market in 2017, left, and the late Communist Party leader Mao’s portrait. (Greg Baker / Getty Images)

Idealism is an explanation of China’s actions. Xi Jinping President, will his reign is called the “be a big change not seen in a hundred years” unfolds “a new era”. From Xi’s point of view, shaped by a life infused with political party idealism, history is linear and inevitably the victory of China and its communist brand over what he considers to be a dangerous western liberal democracy. Move towards.

This strategy is even more important and symbolic this year, commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party. Domestic propaganda resonates with the success and strength of communist leadership. There is no room to apologize on the world stage.

China’s state media celebrates coronavirus containment, claims to eradicate absolute poverty, and an astonishing economic growth rate of over 18% in the first quarter of this year, American racial conflict, collapsing infrastructure, and gunfire Incident, death of 500,000 people from coronavirus. They project the feeling that prosperity is in the future of China, not the West.

“There is a domestic story about why China’s foreign policy should be weakened if China is getting stronger,” said Yun Sang, director of the Stimson Center’s China program.

“There is growing confidence that the Chinese have survived the COVID storm and the Trump administration storm,” said Sun. China believes itself to be a “relative winner,” so you can talk to the United States and its allies as you like.

Nadage Roland, Senior Fellow of the National Bureau of Asian Research, said: I’m not going to walk on eggshells with Westerners anymore. “

China’s credibility is based on nearly a decade of building China’s influence across non-Western countries. Since 2013, China has promised to invest hundreds of billions of dollars in Belt and Road projects in developing countries. It has nurtured the elite with exchange and training programs that showcase China’s development, promising not to interfere with national politics.

In the COVID-19 pandemic, China has also become an important provider of vaccines to countries in desperate need, sending millions of vaccines to countries such as Chile, Indonesia and Turkey, with the United States first. Focuses on vaccination at home.

China’s technology, financial and trading infrastructure plans to establish “China-centric alternative systems” in many developing countries, Roland said. Countries that have become dependent on China do not offer the same kind of military alliances and partnerships that the United States has with its allies.However, countries often support China in places like the United Nations.

50 countries, including most of Africa and Muslim-dominated countries such as Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan and Bangladesh Signed the letter Twenty-two predominantly Western nations have accused China of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region against the United Nations in support of China’s actions in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in 2019.

In 2020, 39 countries (mainly Western countries) sent letters to the UN Human Rights Council against China’s crackdown on minorities. Cuba has led 45 countries, including Russia, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia and Syria, in a counter-argument praising China’s consideration for human rights.

Uighurs wearing face masks

Members of the Uighur community in Turkey will participate in a protest against China in Istanbul in February. (Omer Kuscu / Associated Press)

“It’s a number politics in a way. It’s a vote. It’s an overcrowding of liberal democracy,” Roland said. “As you gather more and more emerging developing countries behind you, you will become a global leader in the South.”

Meanwhile, the strength of the US alliance has not yet been seen.At the end of last year, the EU Major investment transactions With China just before Biden took office. The agreement promises European investors to expand access to China’s automotive industry, manufacturing, financial services and other sectors. China has pledged to make state-owned enterprises act “in accordance with commercial considerations” and stop forced technology transfers.

It still had to be ratified by the European Parliament, but the agreement showed that European leaders may go their own way when it comes to Beijing.

However, the agreement was strongly criticized within Europe for its vague wording and lack of enforcement provisions. It is unlikely to be ratified, especially after China’s sanctions on EU lawmakers and institutions that spoke about Xinjiang, said Reinhard Bueticoffer, a German politician who was one of the sanctioned European Parliamentarians.

According to Bueticofer, China’s “hegemonic arrogance” in the west has undermined its image in Europe, alienating even countries with high commercial interests such as Germany. The Trump administration has made it difficult for Europe to cooperate with the United States in China. Biden makes it easy, but skepticism about transatlantic relations remains.

“There’s still a lack of trust because there’s always a retrofit — what if Biden loses in the midterm elections? What if Trump comes back in 2024?” Bueticofer said. It was. “There is no way back to a partnership like’American Reed, Everyone else Follows’.”

Professor Ryo Sahashi of the University of Tokyo said Japan has made a major shift to Washington in recent months, but wants more from its alliance with the United States. Japan’s affirmation of the US alliance under the Biden administration was a “return to the basics,” he said. “The United States is the only partner that is crucial to Japan’s own security and survival.”

At the same time, Japan is concerned about economic interests, especially as the Biden administration is demanding a stricter route from Beijing. China is Japan’s largest trading partner. Japan wants the United States to rejoin the Trans-Pacific Partnership, but this month’s joint US-Japan statement focused on security and shared values ​​did not mention that.

“Sometimes the American side is too foresighted,” Sahashi said. “Don’t get me wrong. We’re okay with such a vision. But we also want to ask, where are our interests going?”

Yinhong Shi, director of the American Center of Research at Renmin University of China, said China is determined not to compromise on any of its “core interests,” regardless of its US alliance.

We have the opportunity to work together on several issues. Xi attended Biden’s Climate Summit last week, and Chinese authorities are expected to soon approve foreign vaccines, strengthening international vaccine awareness and travel.

But if Beijing wants to regain support from its U.S. allies, it must compromise on “their most furious issues” such as Hong Kong, Taiwan, military construction, the South China Sea, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and China’s political system. Shi said it wouldn’t be. It is not touched upon in China’s current domestic situation, where political security is paramount and relies on demonstrating nationalist power.

“We must convince the Chinese people that the Chinese government, the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, is the highest defender of China’s national interests and honor,” Shi said. It’s better to lose friends, but it looks stronger than showing weaknesses at home and threatening public legitimacy.

“The calculations are clear. It’s not worth it,” he said.

This story was originally Los Angeles Times..

Posted on