Washington (AP) — President Joe Biden and Democrats pushing trillions of dollars in development spending are looking at Americans in the rear-view mirror, and fast-growing ambitious China is rapidly driving the United States He points out that he is threatening to overtake. Global influence and ability.
This is a national security pitch for a domestic spending program. The United States of transportation, energy, manufacturing, the Internet, the proposed $ 2 trillion related to investments in other sectors, in the face of large-scale infrastructure construction campaign of Xi Jinping China president, will increase US competitiveness. ..
Competition with China today is more about economic and technological interests than weapons, the result of which is the economic growth and influence of the United States, the ability to protect the US security alliance and foreign interests, and the daily lives of Americans. There is an argument that it will affect our lives.
“China in the west has the overall goal of becoming a world leader, the wealthiest country in the world, and the most powerful country in the world,” Biden said before announcing his proposal last week. ing. My watch is because the United States continues to grow and expand. “
That pitch doesn’t beat the Republicans. They say his proposal will be filled with unnecessary spending projects and the tax hike will ultimately hurt the US economy.
Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell said Republicans can support a “much more modest” approach. This is an approach that does not rely on corporate tax increases. Biden’s plan is “what we don’t do,” McConnell said on Monday.
To a greater or lesser extent, there is bipartisan support in dealing with infrastructure. Americans are experiencing outages, delays, and irritation in transportation and power systems designed before the 1960s. Meanwhile, China’s latest five-year plan requires hundreds more airports, coal-fired power plants, and other standard infrastructure projects. Xi is also calling for its country’s focus on “new infrastructure,” including investments in 5G networks and other digital infrastructure.
“Time and momentum are on our side,” Xi told the Communist Party meeting last year.
Jonathan Hillman, a Chinese expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said China spends more on infrastructure projects in other countries than the United States spends domestically. And China’s long-term business cycle, partly backed by domestic infrastructure spending, has helped China gain international influence, claiming Taiwan and other disputed territories. Some argue that it may give China confidence by promoting profits.
Demanding more infrastructure and research funding with urgent warnings about rival progress is a Cold War-tested technique. Past US presidents have pointed out the Soviet Union while building US highway systems, space programs, and weapons stockpiles.
And in the case of infrastructure, Biden’s recurring warning that China and other countries are “eating lunch” is supported by many important indicators and the observations of almost everyone who travels abroad frequently. I am.
Min Ye, a Boston University researcher who focuses on the intersection of China and the economy and security, said “almost every day” in the United States, where service providers “powered off, Wi-Fi turned off.” There are. “
Pointing to 20 years of living in the Boston area, Ye hasn’t seen much upgrades to his tired local road network, and even bus route upgrades that help him get into the city easily, like traveling by train. He says he has never seen the maintenance of a good railway. Go to New York to make your friends more attractive.
You’ve been happy to see Boston Logan International Airport launch a project to refine its interior and parking, but more than a quarter of a century has passed since the United States last built a new major airport in Denver. Academic research and economists claim that lost time for delays in the air, on roads and railroads can cost billions of dollars in lost productivity.
And the federal government estimates that 18 million Americans lack the Internet. The internet there is expensive compared to the internet in other great powers. It all led to the scene of US workers and school children sitting in fast-food parking lots and working online this year as the pandemic closed offices and schools.
A study of 20 groups of wealthy and developing countries estimates that China’s infrastructure spending is more than three times that of the United States as a percentage of domestic production on track.
In Congress, Senate leader Chuck Schumer is pouring technology R & D funds into the National Science Foundation and the Ministry of Commerce to promote legislation aimed at building U.S. semiconductor production and strengthening the domestic technology supply chain. I am.
Schumer’s purpose is to “strengthen America’s competitiveness and counter the growing economic threats it faces around the world, especially from the Chinese Communist Party.”
Hillman, a CSIS researcher, said ordinary Americans could begin to feel the impact of China’s investment in infrastructure and other support for the digital economy, large and small. According to Hillman, one day it can be a bit of a hassle, such as finding it difficult to track a USB cable with the right metal bit to fit your laptop.
But in the United States, “eventually there will be less work,” Hillman said. “It will be the most familiar thing in everyday life.”
Ryan Hass, a former Chinese director of the Obama administration’s National Security Council, has warned against exaggerating the threat posed by the rise of China to the United States. China faces unique problems such as debt, an aging population, and slowing worker productivity, Hass said.
“If the United States makes progress in fixing some of its problems, including infrastructure shortages, it will remain very competitive with China,” Hass said.
Knickmeyer reported from Oklahoma City.