Bird flu is widespread in Europe and Asia, and humans are also found to be infected

The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) has received multiple reports from Asian and European countries regarding the recent spread of bird flu, raising concerns that the virus may spread again.

Bird flu, or bird flu, is a viral disease that affects both poultry and wild birds. The virus has also been isolated from mammals such as dogs, cats, mice, horses and humans. Certain strains are more prevalent in certain parts of the world.

Outbreaks of bird flu in multiple regions usually result in mass slaughter and trade restrictions. The disease can infect humans, and epidemiologists are beginning to focus on H5N6, which has been reported in 21 people in China so far.

Hundreds of people on the mainland were infected with the H7N9 subtype in 2019, but the latest subtype is because many of these people are seriously ill and at least 6 have been reported to have died from the disease. Is causing concern.

“There are concerns about an increase in human cases this year in China. It’s a virus that causes high mortality,” Thijs Kuiken, a professor of comparative pathology at the Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam, told Reuters.

Meanwhile, the World Health Organization (WHO) said there were no cases of human-to-human transmission and most cases involved people in contact with poultry. China is the largest producer of poultry in the world.

On Monday, OIE reported the mass slaughter of 770,000 birds at a Korean poultry farm in Chungcheongbuk-do.

There was also an outbreak in the northeastern part of Japan. The variant found there was H5N8. According to a statement from the Ministry of Agriculture, about 143,000 chickens have become extinct in Akita Prefecture. A restricted area has been set up within a radius of 6.2 miles from the farm.

The ministry has temporarily suspended all exports of chicken and eggs from the country. The statement also said that “bird flu cannot infect humans through the consumption of chicken.”

In Europe, Norway reported an outbreak of H5N1 bird flu in the Rogaland region with a flock of 7,000 birds. H5N1 is highly pathogenic and all birds were slaughtered. Outbreaks usually occur during the fall season when wild birds move and spread the disease.

The Belgian government has ordered all poultry to remain indoors after a highly contagious avian influenza subspecies was found in wild geese near Antwerp. France and the Netherlands have followed suit as they continue to be vigilant.

“Since the beginning of August, 130 cases or clusters of bird flu have been detected in wildlife or European farms,” ​​the French ministry said in a statement. In France, the spread of bird flu from wild birds to poultry herds has forced the disposal of about 3 million birds over the past year.

The infectious disease was found on a Kuwaiti farm where authorities reportedly took steps to prevent mass circulation. In addition, an 18-year-old boy was found to be infected with H5N1 in northern India in June.

Avian influenza virus can spread through contact with secretions from infected birds and through contaminated water and feed.

Naveen Athrappully


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