California plans to significantly reduce fossil fuel use

Sacramento, CA (AP) — All-electric furnaces, stoves, and other appliances in a new home built in California in 2026 to help California reach its ambitious climate change goals over the next 20 years. Must be installed. Pollution reduction plan announced on Tuesday.

A roadmap by the California Department of Air Resources sets the state on the road to achieving “carbon neutrality” by 2045. This means that the same amount of carbon that is emitted is removed from the air. The state timeline is one of the most ambitious in the country. Hawaii has similar goals, with some other states having a 2050 deadline.

California can achieve that goal through a radical shift from fossil fuels that power cars, trucks, planes, ships, housing, businesses and other economic sectors. Board staff recommend that the state reduce oil and gas use by 91% by 2045 and use technology to capture and store carbon emissions from the remaining sources.

The plan has been put together by the Aviation Committee staff and is not final. The public comment process begins and the political appointments that make up the airboard ultimately decide whether to make changes. The legislature or other regulatory body must agree to implement various policies. For example, the California Energy Commission has set building codes.

Still, state officials said the document was an important step for California and other countries. California is the most populous state in the United States and has the fifth largest economy in the world compared to other countries. Its economic strength means that state policy choices can drive major business changes, and other states often follow California’s leadership in climate policy.

“Ultimately, this plan will serve as a model for other industrial economies around the world,” said Jarid Blumenfeld, secretary of the California Environmental Protection Agency.

But neither the advocates of environmental justice nor the oil industry were happy.Environmental groups have blown up plans because of their dependence Carbon recovery The technology they say makes it possible for oil refineries, cement factories and other industries to continue pollution in disadvantaged areas. They also pointed out a lesser-focused element of the plan to demand increased natural gas capacity as an airboard failure.

“When we need to plan a phasing out of fossil fuels, our top air regulators are instead planning a major expansion of dirty gas-fired power plants,” the Regenerate California campaign. Manager Ari Eisenstadt said in a statement. .. This group is a partnership between the League of the Justice of the California and the Sierra Club, which advocates clean energy.

Meanwhile, the Western States Petroleum Association has accused the plan of meaning more “prohibitions, mandates, and high-value regulations.”

“Forced people to use energy for specific jobs, specific cars, specific homes, and specific times has nothing to do with the lives of the general public,” said WSPA President Catherine Wraith Boyd. Said in a statement.

Changing the way buildings and transports are powered is central to airboard planning. This suggests that the state requires all new homes to have appliances from 2026 and new businesses by 2029. For existing homes, 80% of sales of appliances should be electricity by 2030 and 100% by 2035. -Powered appliance if the owner needs to upgrade.

Transportation, on the other hand, is the state’s largest source of greenhouse gas emissions.The state has already sold all new passenger cars Zero emissions by 2035.. The plan also recommends that sales of all trucks should be zero emissions by 2040, 10% of the fuel for the aircraft should be filled with hydrogen or batteries by 2045, and dragged trucks. 100% of passengers will be zero emissions by 2035 and 100% of passengers will be trained to be zero emissions by 2030.

The plan brings significant new demand to the power grid and requires states to quickly scale up their hydrogen infrastructure, including solar and storage options, and pipelines.

California’s 2045 carbon-neutral goal comes from its then presidential directive, Gov. Jerry Brown signed in 2018. However, the Aviation Committee needs to publish a roadmap to achieve the state’s climate goals every five years since 2008.

The final version of the plan looked at how California would meet state legislation requiring a 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels by 2030. Some observers in the process wanted a robust analysis of the state’s progress towards its 2030 goal.The role of the California signature Cap and trade The program was expected to play.

However, the more than 200-page document released on Tuesday contains only a small section on the state’s progress towards 2030, at what level of the various programs the state is already implementing. It does not directly indicate if emission reductions are expected. He states that the role of cap-and-trade in achieving state goals will probably diminish. This program requires you to buy credits equal to the amount of carbon your company wants to emit. This is intended to facilitate reductions over time as the price of credits rises.

According to the plan, the Aviation Committee will not assess whether changes are needed to reach the 2030 target until the scoping plan is completed.