Centralization of monitoring operations in China?


Commentary

The People’s Republic of China has a high reputation in the field of face recognition technology. This technology is increasingly being used, widespread and intrusive in surveillance activities to manage China’s population.

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is using this technology to develop a social credit system. It has become one of the pillars of China’s legal system, which is used to ensure the stability of the regime and to assess the credibility and loyalty of individuals and organizations. Communist Party administration.

The Social Credit System is the beginning of CCP’s data-driven governance using facial recognition technology developed by the Communist Party with the support of major technology companies.

These companies and other organizations not only enthusiastically implement their own versions of facial recognition technology, seemingly following party instructions and guidance, but also benefit their operations by collecting data about individual customers. Is bringing.

However, this data collection practice has recently been curtailed as Guo Bing, a professor of law in Hangzhou, wanted to purchase an annual pass to a local zoo.

The zoo requested him to submit a high resolution facial scan.

Indignant at this infringement of privacy rights, Bing filed a proceeding in a Chinese court, arguing that there was no need to collect biometric data, and won.

The case extended to the Supreme People’s Court. Published guidelines Regarding the digital collection of personal data.

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Visitors are watching tigers wrestle in a fence at the Jiufeng Forest Zoo on the first day of the Chinese New Year held in Wuhan, China on February 1, 2022. (GettyImages)

It’s too early to interpret Guo Bing’s victory as the victory of those who despise the practice of surveillance using facial recognition technology.

Instead, the Supreme People’s Court ruling, approved by the Chinese government, shows that the government was concerned about the fragmented use of technology by businesses.

Instead, only the state wanted to impose a unified surveillance system and design a unified data acquisition strategy.

In effect, a court ruling allows a state to centralize the use of facial recognition technology rather than having companies apply it in an ad hoc and inconsistent way.

The validity of this interpretation of the decision in the case of Guo Bing may be collected from a report posted on the website of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Peking University in January.

This report deals with the US-China technology competition and aims to analyze the current state of technology competition between the two countries and detail the technological outlook for China.

However, in early February, the original Chinese copy of the report was deleted and is no longer available on the Peking University website. The removal is disappointing, as interested researchers cannot see what the original report said about the development of facial recognition technology.

The report (English translation is available online) shows that “trade friction and technological competition are gradually becoming the focus of relations between the two countries” since the end of 2017.

The authors of the report aim to make CCP an “innovative force,” but its technical efforts complain about US complaints about forced technology transfer and theft of intellectual property rights. He states that he feels.

The report acknowledges that China “is still far behind the United States in terms of the number of highly cited papers and originality.”

Lament the fact that investment in basic research is less than in the United States

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CCTV camera on August 16, 2019 in Pancras Square near Kings Cross Station in London, England. (DanKitwood / Getty Images)

Also, keep in mind that there are talented researchers in the United States, and their higher education institutions are still the preferred destination for international students.

China’s patent structure is described in the report as “relatively simple and of poor quality,” indicating that there is a large gap in the conversion rate of patents to industrial use.

However, the report also shows that China is already a world leader in patent applications. This represents about 40 percent of the total number of patent applications per year.

The report states that China has “opened a revolutionary breakthrough in some key indicators and the overall gap between China and the United States is closing, but … the United States still maintains its overall and significant advantages. I’m doing it. “

Surprisingly, while China is a world leader in facial recognition technology, it does not mention its superiority in this area.

This omission is interesting and annoying because the country’s technological capabilities depend on its ability to innovate. This is because CCP aims to be a leader in innovation in all areas and to be able to win innovation races.

To this end, Beijing supports, among other things, research in data collection, fifth-generation telecommunications, quantum computing, and nanotechnology. Specifically, it greatly contributes to the utilization of apps and technologies for solving social problems through monitoring.

In this regard, Chinese critics have referred to a “digital Leninist” policy with an increased level of social surveillance, which could further strengthen the Communist Party’s authoritarian dominance. there is.

It would be disastrous if Australia used China’s advanced facial recognition technology to dominate society. Such use will result in a disruption of political openness that has already been rigorously tested by COVID-19’s pandemic emergency measures, restrictions, and vaccine obligations.

Epoch Times Photo
Workers prepare laptops for use at organized media tours and demonstrations at the Beijing Major Distribution Center (MDC) at the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing, China on December 9, 2021. .. (Kevin Frayer / Getty Images).

The application of technology often results in social stratification and discrimination, including the classification of people based on their loyalty to the state’s legal system, which will frustrate efforts to establish the “rule of law.”

In Australia, the Australian Information Commissioner’s office recently accused the American company Clearview AI of selling facial recognition technology to Australian police. These units are currently investigating to use sensitive biometric operations, including violations of Australian privacy law.

The Privacy Commissioner’s decision that such data collection violates consumer privacy is arguably a welcome development.However, when the foreign embassy in Australia considers applying for a passport to its citizens, it still Collect biometric information on a regular basisWill be stored for a long time.

Facial recognition technology is dangerous because it can be used to distribute burdens and benefits to citizens, as in China. It is a means to divide the country and keep the population in eternal slavery.

In this context, August Zimmermann write in Australia has become “a country of slave-like people in which elected politicians act as masters rather than as servants of the people.”

If he is right, facial recognition technology has a bright future in Australia, but unfortunately at the expense of privacy and personal freedom.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Epoch Times.

Gabriel Moens

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GabriĆ«l A. MoensAM is an emeritus professor at the University of Queensland and Vice-President and Dean of Murdoch University. In 2003, Mornes was awarded the Australian Centennial Medal by the Prime Minister for her service to education. He has taught extensively in Australia, Asia, Europe, and the United States. Moens recently published two novels, “ATwisted Choice” (Boolarong Press, 2020) and “The Coincidence” (Connor Court Publishing, 2021).

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