Taipei, Taiwan (AP) — China’s success in controlling the outbreak of the coronavirus has led to a population that appears to be largely reluctant to get vaccinated. That’s why we’re accelerating our vaccination campaign by offering incentives (free eggs, store coupons, grocery and merchandise discounts) to those who take shots.
After a late start, China is now giving millions of shots a day. On March 26th alone, we managed 6.1 million shots. Zhong Nanshan, the government’s chief doctor, has announced a June goal to vaccinate 560 million of the country’s 1.4 billion people.
Part of the challenge lies in the magnitude of the effort and the need to convince those who currently feel safe from infection.
When the patient first appeared in a hospital in Wuhan in late 2019 due to fever, cough and dyspnea, the government blocked cities in Hubei province for more than two months from January 2020. Wuhan later became known as the center of Wuhan. Outbreak.
Since then, China has controlled the virus through strict border control and a rapid blockade of new outbreaks. Many people do not seem to be in a hurry to get the vaccine because people can eat out in restaurants and the risk of infection is low.
Helen Chen, a healthcare specialist at a market research firm in Shanghai, said:
But China also wants to open the world as it returns to its pre-pandemic normal state and Beijing is preparing to welcome tens of thousands of visitors as the venue for the February 2022 Winter Olympics. .. Smartphones, the government is also considering these measures in balance with the final return to normal.
So far, in major cities such as Shanghai and Beijing, governments have relied primarily on lasting messages and giveaways to persuade people to get vaccinated.
Shopping malls offer points at stores and coupons. Beijing temples were free to enter by anyone showing evidence of vaccination. Shanghai is setting mobile vaccination points using the bus in the campaign.
And there are free eggs.
“Good news. Starting today, residents over the age of 60 who get their first shot are eligible to receive five” gin “(2.5 kilograms or 5 1/2 pounds) eggs. “First come, first served,” said a poster from Beijing’s Municipal Health Center.
Wang Feng was too young for the clinic’s eggs, but the 25-year-old chef said he couldn’t go to work without the vaccine and got the vaccine anyway.
“I thought it would be okay if it worked,” he added.
Some people have questioned how good existing vaccines, whether Chinese or not, given how quickly they were developed.
Amy Lou, who works at a university in Shanghai, said:
The range of efficacy of the five vaccines currently used in China ranges from 50.7% to 79.3%, based on company statements. That doesn’t mean they’re worthless — most experts say that anything over 50% helps prevent hospitalization and death, as well as control the pandemic.
“Everyone may not be able to achieve herd immunity after taking it twice,” said Wang Chengmitsu, a former professor and immunology expert at Peking Union Medical College. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient number of populations are immunized from either vaccination or past infections and prevent the uncontrolled spread of the infection.
China said in an interview with state media this week that at least one billion people may need to be vaccinated to achieve that. As of early April, about 34 million people received two injections and about 65 million received one dose.
Takafuku, the head of the CDC, last weekend in China Consider different strategies For example, mixing different vaccines to increase the effect. External experts say China could eventually deploy other more effective vaccines such as Pfizer and Modernashot.
“It’s best to actually allow the use of other better vaccines and make them available to the Chinese people, but it’s probably political,” said Jin Dong-yang, a vaccine expert at the University of Hong Kong. It ’s very difficult. ” Kong Medical School.
Chinese pharmaceutical company Fosun Pharmaceutical Group has partnered with Germany’s BioNTech to sell Pfizer vaccines in China. However, only Hong Kong and Macau, which are special regions of China with their own regulatory bodies, are approved. Clinical trials are underway for mainland approval.
Vaccination seems voluntary, but due to the diligent efforts of some municipalities and businesses, health officials have begun to warn against compulsory vaccination this week.
A hospital in Danzhou, Hainan, South Island, apologized after informing staff that “unvaccinated people may be dismissed.”
Zhejiang said in a statement on April 2 that all government departments, Communist Party executives and university workers need to take the lead in firing.
The government also demanded vaccinations of all residents of Rui Ling, a town on the border with Myanmar, due to the recent outbreak.
Vaccination can also mean avoiding some of the more annoying obstacles set by some local agencies in the name of anti-pandemic measures.
Bright Lee, a Beijing student, said he had been vaccinated and did not need approval to leave the campus. Lee was rarely forced, but was concerned after the university posted a poster accusing students of leaving campus without permission after going to an area where cases of COVID-19 were confirmed last winter. ..
Vaccine promotion faces scattered shortages and delays.
In Haikou, the capital of Hainan, health officials have made a temporary stay on providing second shots to those who are not involved in two major upcoming events, “because of the relatively tightness of vaccine supply.” Announced. The shortage was also reported in two southern cities, Foshan in Guangdong and Xiamen Port in Fujian.
Chinese vaccine makers have significantly expanded their production capacity, and health officials say they are confident that they will be able to meet demand by the end of the year.
Associated Press video producer Olivia Zhang in Beijing, researcher Chen Si in Shanghai, and science writer Aniruddha Ghosal in New Delhi contributed to this report.