China’s 200 “villages of wealthy society” on the border with India mean border domination


New Delhi — The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has built a new kind of presence in areas of intense conflict with India through a civilian resettlement strategy, according to Indian experts.

The CCP’s “wealthy society” strategy involves building wealthy villages in the name of saving people from poverty and revitalizing rural communities. However, experts say these villages play an additional role in the Tibetan Autonomous Region, which shares thousands of miles of conflict borders with India.

They attempt to justify the CCP’s claim to the conflicting border with India, along with the administration’s new Land Border Act, where the village acts as a tool for Chinese Communist Party (CCP) surveillance, border defense, and border control. It states that.

In 2017, the Chinese Communist Party announced that it would establish 628 “villages of wealthy society”. Last year, it announced that it had completed the construction of those 602, 200 of which were built on the actual line of control or on the de facto border with India.

India, along with its five states, shares a 2,167-mile border with China. According to this border, this border is not completely demarcated and is in the “process” of confirmation. Government of India..

The border situation remains tense after the bloody conflict in the Gallowan last year. Subsequent rounds of military negotiations were not decisive, but the development of both sides continues to grow.

Abhishek Darbey, a researcher at the New Delhi-based China Center for Analytical Strategy, said that “a village of wealthy societies” or “Xiaokang” is superficially part of the national promotion of poverty alleviation by Chinese leader Xi Jinping. Told the Epoch Times. As detailed at the CCP’s 19th Party Convention, the village “is also intended to create a buffer zone for people who are loyal to the CCP,” “acts as a surveillance post along the border, and is a” pro-Dalai Lama element. ” “Helps prevent invasion by” “hostile forces”.

Since the 16th Communist Party Convention, Condapali said the national strategy has been to build a wealthy society by 2021.

In the context of China, “wealthy societies are about the same as standards such as per capita income in Europe. [human resource development] Indicator, “he said.

Condapari said the new Chinese border law, which came into force on January 1, 2022 and caused a diplomatic language war between India and China, provides provisions for the construction of villages in wealthy societies. rice field.

“By the way, now the Diplomatic Commission has passed the Border Law, and the Vice-Chairman of this Diplomatic Commission [National People’s Congress] General Zhao Zongqi, who was in charge of the Doklam Highlands Crisis and was in charge of the Gallowan Crisis. He was the one who passed this border law, “Konda Paris said.

Dokulam, or Donlan in Chinese, was the place of military conflict between the PLA and the Indian Army for the two months of 2017.

Epoch Times Photo
A man passing by a poster depicting a portrait of an Indian soldier killed in a hand-to-hand combat with a Chinese on June 15, 2020 in a market area in New Delhi. (JewelSamad / AFP via Getty Images)

Forced border justification

According to Konda Paris, India and China began installing “boundary markers” as part of border dispute resolution in the 1960s, but they were unilaterally removed two years ago as China began establishing a wealthy society. I started to do it. A village in a particular area.

“So it’s everywhere they perceive that they are their borders, and that they perceive that they are in their favor,” Condapali said. “Therefore, in these areas, what they are doing is launching these small businesses, infrastructure development and banking facilities.”

“By bringing these wealthy social villages into the border area, they are now trying to say that they have been resolved, you cannot disturb them in the future resolution of the border,” he says. , India and China signed a 2005 political parameter agreement. One of the political parameters is not to interfere with the “population settled in the border area”.

China has also begun construction of 206 industrial projects in the border area, according to Durbay, and the roads in the administrative villages on the first and second lines of the border are unobstructed.

“The main power grid has been extended to all border towns to provide inter-village postal services, full coverage of mobile communications networks, and drinking water guarantees for locals,” Durbay said. Said.

Konda Paris said he watched a marketing video of a family home on the first floor, a market area on the first floor, and a family home on the second floor.

“So it’s typical of a wealthy social village, so this is what’s happening in different regions.”

By building these villages, the Chinese government is increasing the value of real estate in these areas, and members of the Chinese Communist Party are favored in terms of the village’s “more prominent, better-placed” homes. Condapali said.

Epoch Times Photo
In this photo taken on July 10, 2008, Chinese soldiers are guarding the Chinese side of the ancient Natura border that crosses India and China. (Dipendu Dutta / AFP via Getty Images)

Internal audit

According to Condapali, the Chinese government has settled Tibetans and other ethnic minorities in these villages scattered throughout the region.

“They are asking them to vacate [their traditional homes] And since they come to these settled wealthy social villages, their intention is basically internal surveillance. These people are basically indigenous and have their own customs and religions. Therefore, by taking them from their natural habitats to these settlements, they will be able to monitor more efficiently, “says Condapali, which is” the main purpose. “

He points out that most of the 200 villages built near the LAC are “almost on the road” to the Dalai Lama’s escape to India, most of which are traditional Himalayan that have existed for centuries. He said it was also on the crossing route.

“One of the reasons they set up these wealthy social villages is for surveillance, so the 15th Dalai Lama scenario will give us control over all these areas,” said Condapali. ..

Regarding the “15 Dalai Lama scenario,” he mentioned the reincarnation politics of the Chinese Communist Party. The administration wants to control who the next Dalai Lama in Tibet is, but Tibetans have traditionally found and selected those who believe they are the reincarnation of their spiritual leaders. Through the process, and through whether he was found in Tibet, he appointed his own Dalai Lama Autonomous Region (TAR), the only way to escape is via these routes.

Epoch Times Photo
Indian Army personnel remain vigilant on October 21, 2012 at the Bamura Pass on the border between India and China in Arunachal Pradesh. Bamura is the last Indian Army garrison on the border between India and China at an altitude of 15,700 feet above sea level. (Biju Boro / AFP / Getty Images)

Political party outpost

Mr Durvey said the border villages were being built as a civil-military partnership to protect and consolidate their territories.

“In March 2018, Zhuang Yan, Deputy Party Secretary, TAR Executive Committee Chairman and Supreme Commander of the Wealthy Village Construction Work Headquarters, said that the purpose of building a border village is to ensure border area integration and border security. I said that was the case, “Durvey pointed out.

“It is’to align the high political responsibility with the masses in the border area with a sense of historical mission,'” the party committee said. The important role of the villagers is to monitor the movement and activity of the population across national borders. “

Condapali said the army is building many of these villages and therefore has a role to play in these villages.

“If you look carefully at the local press, the bids to build these villages are often directed at the wealthiest party members in the area,” he said.

Kondapalli referred to the case of two Tibetan women from the wealthy social village Yumei who wrote to Xi Jinping. Xi replied to them and praised them for border security measures.

“One of the women was awarded the Model Award on the 100th anniversary of the Communist Party’s July celebration, which made Yumeaki Village famous for that,” he said.

“Therefore, throughout this area of ​​the border region beyond the Himalayas, they have set up these wealthy social villages as one-party outposts, namely one-party troops, one-party outposts. [such as these] Will be a beacon [CCP] from now on. So that’s also the way they want to control the border area, “Konda Paris said.

He said these villages will also gradually bring about vital changes in TAR, as the children of Han Chinese couples are more likely to be integrated with China and less likely to rebel against CCP.

Derbay said the village of affluent society is a “comprehensive and systematic project.”We will continue to strengthen and strengthen border control.

Venus Upadayaya


Venus Upadhayaya reports on various issues. Her area of ​​expertise is geopolitics in India and South Asia. She reports from the highly volatile Indian-Pakistan border and has contributed to India’s mainstream print media for almost a decade. Community media, sustainable development and leadership continue to be her key areas of interest.