Doctors warn that sleep apnea exacerbates heart disease and can increase blood pressure if left untreated


Doctors from the American Heart Association said that obstructive sleep apnea has serious health consequences, especially among people with heart disease and high blood pressure, as the condition is often “underrecognized and undertreated.” He states that he may be quietly increasing the risk.

so Scientific statement Sleep disorders occur in 40% to 80% of people with cardiovascular disease and in 30% to 50% of people with high blood pressure, according to experts published in Circulation on Monday. This percentage is even higher among people with refractory hypertension.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is also associated with impaired cardiac rhythm, stroke, worsening heart failure, increased risk of heart attack, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and worsening coronary artery disease.

Although there is little evidence that OSA screening alters clinical outcomes, experts have shown respiratory, oral, or dietary changes that have been shown to improve quality of life by undergoing screening. He states that he can start the accompanying treatment.

Dr. Yerem Yeghiazarians, chair of the Scientific Statement Writing Group, a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, said: “Still, the overall message is clear. Raise awareness about OSA screening and treatmentEspecially in patients with existing cardiovascular risk factors. “

During sleep, people with disabilities relax their throat muscles, block their airways, and repeatedly stop and start breathing. General symptoms Snoring, lack of sleep, fatigue during the day, headaches in the morning, sweating at night, and sore throat when waking up.

OSA differs from central sleep apneaAccording to the Mayo Clinic, “this happens when the brain does not send the proper signals to the muscles that control breathing.”

In general, about 34% and 17% of middle-aged men and women show signs of OSA, respectively. However, according to the American Heart Association, advances in screening are changing the way doctors diagnose disorders.

Previously, patients had to stay overnight at the Sleep Research Center, connected to multiple cords and machines, so that doctors could monitor oxygen levels and respiratory patterns. Currently, there are several devices that people can use at home and send back to their doctors for analysis.

Treatment methods are also diversifying. The most common treatment requires the use of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device, but there are also oral devices and diet programs, depending on the severity of the disorder.

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