Quito, Ecuador-Ecuador will be led by conservative businessmen for the next four years after voters reject the leftist movement initiated by former President Rafael Correa more than a decade ago. However, the certainty of the election was less than that of neighboring Peru, where the presidential election is heading for the final vote after none of the 18 candidates won more than 50% of the votes.
South American countries held elections on Sunday under strict public health measures amid a surge in coronavirus pandemics that brought about a new blockade and exacerbated general malaise. Peru, who also elected a new parliament, reported its highest daily COVID-19 deaths, just as voters went to polls.
Former banker Guillermo Lasso’s victory in Ecuador came after allowing him to win a spot in Sunday’s final vote after he was 0.5 percentage points below another candidate. .. The result was that it broke the country’s year under the so-called Koreismo, a movement named after Ecuador’s ruler from 2007 to 2017, and became more and more authoritarian in the late years of the president, and last year it was corrupt. He was sentenced to imprisonment for a scandal.
Andres Arauz, a disciple of Correa, easily entered the contest to replace President Lenin Moreno, who chose not to seek reelection. Moreno was also an ally of Corea, but turned his back on him during his tenure. At the run-off, Lasso has benefited from dissatisfaction with Corea and his allies, but must face a powerful Correista block in Congress.
“The first action is to prepare the economy, promote investment and create jobs so that all Ecuadorians do not migrate, stay in Ecuador, and realize the dreams of their families here,” Lasso said on Monday. He said at a press conference.
He said he had two immigration policies, defending Ecuadorians abroad. “But at the same time, we are acting humanely against Venezuelans arriving in Ecuador …. We seek good treatment from Ecuadorians living abroad and abuse foreigners living in Ecuador. It cannot be consistent. We need to be coherent. ”And we aim to work with the United Nations.
Ecuador is one of the countries that saw the influx of Venezuelan migrants leaving troubled countries in search of better opportunities.
Asked about future international policy, Lasso said he would promote the broadest multilateralism as a Democrat “in a project to pursue the well-being of the people of Ecuador.”
“The left and right definitions are reductionism, which is not used at this time,” he said.
Election officials have not officially declared a winner, but Araus approved the election on Sunday and at least one head of state congratulated Lasso on the outcome.
The pandemic paralyzed 70% of Ecuadorian businesses last year, bringing the country’s unemployment rate to nearly 68%. The country was already in a slowdown that began in 2015, largely driven by falling oil prices.
Similarly, in Peru, the world’s second-largest copper producer, the economy plummeted as about 7 million people were unemployed in the early 100-day blockade of the pandemic. But unlike Ecuador, Sunday’s elections did not bring any clarity about the country’s future.
None of the 18 presidential candidates received more than 50 percent of the support needed to avoid the June 6 spill.
Election officials on Monday said leftist Pedro Castillo had 18.9 percent of the support and 90 percent of the votes were processed. This was followed by opposition leader Keiko Fujimori at 13.2%, right-wing economist Hernando de Soto at 11.86%, and conservative businessman Rafael Lopez Aliaga at 11.83%.
The crowded presidential election took place months after the country’s political turmoil reached a new level in November, with one impeached by Congress on allegations of corruption and a protest supporting a third successor. In a week after he resigned, three men became presidents.
All former Peruvian presidents who have ruled since 1985 were involved in allegations of corruption, some of whom were imprisoned or arrested in their mansions. One died of suicide before police arrested him.
A local teacher, Castillo, has rewritten the Peruvian constitution and proposed to illegally deport all migrants living in the country. This is a move aimed at the wave of Venezuelans seeking evacuation from the crisis in their home country. He also wants to nationalize the mining, oil and energy sectors.
Fujimori is the daughter of the polarized former President Alberto Fujimori. He has been sentenced to 25 years in prison for corruption and the killing of 25 people. She promised to release her father if she won.
Claudia Navas, a political, social and security risk analyst at global company Control Risks, said corruption is a major source of disillusionment with the political system and Peruvians generally trust politicians. Said not. She said the new parliament is likely to use impeachment powers to strengthen its influence and thwart initiatives that threaten its power.
“No matter who wins, the populist parliamentary stance makes it a little less likely that the president will end his term, and the risk of political unrest is likely to continue throughout the administration,” he said. Navas said.
Regina Garcia Cano and Gonzalo Solano