European Union officials announced on Wednesday a tough new proposal to curb the risky use of artificial intelligence, such as live facial recognition technology in crowded public places.
The draft EU Executive Committee rules applicable to UK companies include rules on the rapidly expanding use of technology in activities such as school, work and loan applicant selection. It also completely bans artificial intelligence in situations such as “social scoring” and systems used to manipulate human behavior.
The plan is to empower the EU to fine companies that violate regulations up to 6% of global sales.
The proposed measures include a total ban on certain uses of AI, such as toys that can be used to force children to commit crimes and apps that operate people with disabilities.
Proposals include, in principle, “remote biometrics,” such as using live facial recognition for crowds of people in public places, except for narrow-sense law enforcement purposes such as searching for missing children and wanted people. Also includes a ban on. Man.
The proposed regulation also covers “risk-limited” AI applications such as chatbots. Chatbots need to be labeled to let people know about their interaction with the machine. Most AI applications, such as email spam filters, are unaffected or subject to existing consumer protection regulations, officials say.
“Europe needs to be a trusted global leader in AI by providing companies with access to the best conditions for building advanced AI systems,” said Margrethe Vestager, Executive Vice President of the EU Commission. There is. “
However, China is ahead with AI using facial recognition technology to give citizens a “social score” and judge their credibility.
Jennifer Baker, an independent tech policy expert, said complaints from the tech industry are expected.
“Like the boy who cried the wolf, the tech sector claims that all EU law” suppresses innovation, “and most of us haven’t seen a big dip in their destiny yet.” She said.
A UK company remembering the 2018 competition to implement measures within the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) prepares for another minefield.
John Buyers, head of AI for Osborne Clarke, said: