Experts say George Floyd died of lack of oxygen


National Review

Chauvin Trial: Police atrocities or failure of care?

Derek Chauvin has never strangled George Floyd. This was the conclusion of Lieutenant Johnny Mercil, Chief Executive Officer of the Minneapolis Police (MPD) Armed Forces Training. Although not widely reported, the testimony on Tuesday was astonishing, coming from the state’s most prestigious witnesses on police defense tactics. Apart from the constant narrative raid on Floyd’s death, it undermined the prosecution’s confidence that expert testimony of the use of force would remove the allegations that Chauvin had killed Floyd. This does not underestimate the evidence that Chauvin used more force than necessary in that situation. However, it is important to clarify the type of force actually used. Even if there is no coverage, we must also be aware of how the prosecution turned around. As for the murder issue, this is not the case of “suffocating him.” It is an incident that “failed to provide mandatory medical assistance.” Strangler figs intentionally interfere with a person’s ability to breathe. When police officers are dealing with aggressive, aggressive and deadly threats, they may use all the power they need to save their lives, so they never apply strangler figs. I can’t say. This depends on the situation. But that goes beyond the point of Chauvin’s case. Contrary to common belief, he never choked Floyd. Instead, Chauvin applied a neck hold. Unlike chokes, neck holds are not intended to interfere with human breathing. The purpose is to control people. Depending on the threat posed by the suspect, police neck holds range from enough pressure to persuade them to submit, until they block blood flow to the brain to induce temporary unconsciousness. Includes everything (Mixed Martial Arts match). It is essential to understand that neck hold is a legitimate tactic when applied in the right circumstances. This is not true as long as Chauvin is alleged to have applied illegal tactics or restraint techniques that violate MPD policy, or at least conclusively envisioned. During the advent of several MPD Witnesses, the infamous still photo (State Attachment 17) was displayed. Chauvin appears to be kneeling on Floyd’s neck. MPD witnesses generally stare at the picture with theatrical contempt and sneer, “We haven’t trained it.” However, as Mercil explained, there are significant differences between trained and authorized ones. MPD has not trained police to hit the suspect’s head with a coffee pot. However, if the suspect is trying to dig into the policeman’s eyes and the coffee pot is within reach, the policeman is allowed to grab it and hit the suspect’s head. More importantly, if certain restraint techniques such as neck hold are tolerated, the fact that the technique of the officer applying them does not reflect the training manual does not make the hold itself unacceptable. MPD train neck hold usually prioritizes arm and hand application as it provides more control. As Mercil explained, this does not mean that the use of legs is prohibited. Indeed, MPDs can be used for new hires and may show new hires such leg techniques. However, MPD has not instructed executives to adopt such a neck hold. In this regard, it is worth noting some amazing testimony given on Wednesday about Chauvin’s height. Floyd’s height has received a lot of attention: tall, muscular, a tight end of football and a basketball power forward when he was young, and later a nightclub bouncer, most reported to be 6.5 feet tall. .. State prosecution reports state 6 feet 4 inches and 223 pounds. Not much attention is paid to Chauvin’s proportions. And now we understand why. He is a little man. He weighed only 140 pounds in connection with his interview with an investigator shortly after Floyd’s death. State prosecutors are clearly concerned about this difference — the fact that Floyd had an 83-pound weight advantage over Chauvin. It’s much easier for Chauvin, even the other three police officers, to understand why Floyd was forced to resist arrests in a police car and couldn’t control Floyd because he twisted the streets. .. Prosecutors have drawn from the chief investigator an estimate that Shovin’s Patrolman’s belts (guns, magazines, radios, flashlights, mace cans, etc.) weigh 30 or 40 pounds. They need to gain weight because they are naturally worried that the jury may not buy the idea that a small man like Chauvin effectively strangled a big man like Floyd. there is. And, of course, that didn’t happen. However, the difference in weight makes it easy to understand why Chauvin depends more on leg strength than trying to restrain Floyd with his arms. There was a moment when Floyd could not be detained with the help of three other trained police officers. Of course, no matter how Chauvin was applied, it doesn’t matter if the restraint tactics used aren’t allowed. However, neck hold is acceptable under the right circumstances. I made that last bit italic because that’s really the problem in this case. There are two types of neckholds that police may use. They are described as unconscious and conscious. The first one is called unconscious because the police are trying to make a person unconscious. Obviously, the use of force by the police must be rational, so an unconscious neck hold creates a risk of death or serious injury, and a rational officer unknowingly calms the threat. Proper way for. It’s not a Floyd / Chauvin situation. Chauvin did not apply an unconscious neck hold, which requires simultaneous pressure on both sides of the neck to block blood flow. As martial arts expert Mercil elaborate, the unconscious neckhold works in seconds when properly applied. However, if applied improperly, it can kill or cause irreparable damage and is therefore included in the deadly force category. Chauvin applied a conscious neck hold. The point of this tactic is to control the suspect rather than knock it out. As the police learn in training, and as most of us know from common sense and experience, physically controlling a particular part of another person’s body physically controls the whole person. That is. The neck is one of those parts. Police are trained to pay particular attention to manipulating the neck of a person as it can cause serious injuries. However, most unconscious neckholds are not a deadly force application. By itself, it does not even unconscious or even cause suffocation. In the case of Chauvin, there is a big problem here, so I emphasize “by myself”. Attorney Eric Nelson has done an effective job of demonstrating that his appearance can be fooled. The stills and videos taken at an angle where Chauvin appears to press his knees against Floyd’s neck are horrifying. However, videos taken from other angles, especially body camera footage worn by police, show that Chauvin was primarily compressing the trapezius muscle area between the scapula and the base of the neck. .. When applying such a hold, police are trained to focus on the upper trapezius muscle, paying attention to the neck, aiming for control rather than unconsciousness, but of course, avoiding the neck altogether is not possible. you can not. It’s also clear that Chauvin wasn’t pushing the entire £ 140 against Floyd. It’s just enough to keep the handcuffed man in check (not pushing all the weight with the help of the other two). Floyd was able to move his head and speak. If that was all, Chauvin should have been acquitted — in fact, the case should not have been criminally charged. But of course, that’s not all. The neck hold is temporary. They have no time limit. The reason rule applies. However, as soon as the control goal is achieved, police are trained to roll the subject to his side (“lateral recovery” position). This is because long periods of time in the prone position (chest and abdomen facing up) can make breathing difficult, even if you are not weighted. This is especially true if a person has cardiorespiratory problems, as Floyd did. Tilt a person to the side to open the airways and make it easier to breathe. In particular, prosecutors are trying to prove that police have choked Floyd, but you don’t think their case is based on the political story of knee-to-neck strangulation-white police officers. Racialized horror story about persecution Black victims. Floyd did not suffocate. He was too long in the prone position. His breathing became difficult and his heart stopped. Now, from the police’s point of view, suspects who have been resisted and detained often claim that they cannot breathe and often say that it is not true in the hope of getting out of their predicament. Police do not have to trust these complaints. But they too can’t get rid of them out of control. They need to weigh them against other objective evidence — and it’s less objective than the undetectable pulse that happened at Floyd about three minutes before the ambulance arrived. Police follow the criteria of “in my detention, in my care”. Even if the suspect resists arrest, police officers are trained to initiate emergency medical first aid if he suffers medical distress. If the detainee suddenly loses his pulse, police are supposed to start chest compressions (their CPR training). Unless the person is clearly dead, police officers will continue to oppress until a well-trained person (generally an emergency medical worker) arrives at the scene and can take over. Chauvin and his fellow officers didn’t even start squeezing, even if they knew that Floyd was pulseless and might not be breathing regularly. Chauvin’s defense provides some rationalization of this negligence, especially that Floyd’s death (as further discussed in my post yesterday) is primarily due to drug overdose. These will be analyzed in a separate post. But I conclude by observing how the case changed, or at least it was done in a real court, quite different from how it was related in a public court. In short, this is not a police atrocities. It is a failure of the police care case. Even a terrible care failure can be blamed, but it is not the same as an aggressive killing. If a person fails to take terrible measures, he or she is obliged to take and death results. It’s manslaughter, not murder. But is it important when the mob wants blood?

Posted on