Explainer: What is Excitatory Delirium?

Minneapolis (AP) — Attorney-at-Law for Police Officers in Trial George Floyd Death caused the concept of excitatory delirium when the testimony examined whether rational force was used on Floyd.

Derek ChauvinA 45-year-old white man has been charged with murder and manslaughter. Floyd, a 46-year-old black man, was arrested outside a nearby market on May 25 for trying to pass a counterfeit $ 20 bill. When police tried to put him in a police car, Floyd, who heard panic, beat and claimed to be claustrophobic.

Another cop on the scene, Thomas Lane, can be heard on a body camera video while the cop is holding down Floyd and asks if Floyd may be experiencing excitatory delirium. ..

How did excitatory delirium appear?

It appeared on Tuesday when Nicole Mackenzie, a Minneapolis police officer who trained other police officers in medical care, testified to prosecution. Chauvin’s lawyer, Eric Nelson, asked Mackenzie to define excitatory delirium and explain how police officers are trained to recognize and respond to it.

Mackenzie described it as a combination of “psychomotor agitation, psychosis, hypothermia, various other things that can be seen in humans, or rather strange behavior.”

In response to a question from Nelson, Mackenzie agrees that people who show “something like excitatory delirium” are often taking medication, and she also says that someone who is experiencing the condition is “superhuman.” I agreed that I might have “power”.

ThursdayDr. Bill Smock, a forensic expert who works as a police surgeon at the Louisville Metro Police Station in Kentucky and a professor of emergency medicine at the University of Louisville, testified that he believes excitement delusions are real. But he said Floyd did not meet any of the ten criteria developed by the American College of Emergency Medicine. He said the diagnosis needed at least six signs.

“How many did you see?” Asked prosecutor Jerry Blackwell.

The “zip” smock replied.

Why is it important?

An important question in Chauvin’s trial is whether he used reasonable force to secure Floyd to the pavement for 9 minutes and 29 seconds.Police officer He testified that he did not — Floyd was under control and his troops should have ended soon.

Nelson emphasized that Floyd’s size is larger than that of Chauvin, suggesting that even if handcuffed, people could be at risk and handcuffs could fail.

What does science say about “excitatory delirium”?

Some coroners in recent decades attribute deaths in custody to excitatory delirium. Often, after taking a drug, a person is extremely excited by an episode of mental health or a health problem.But that and there is no universally accepted definition of researchers Said It’s not well understood.

It is not mentioned in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic Handbook, and one study last year. Conclusion It is mainly cited as the cause only when the dead person is detained.

Inspector General in New York Daniel Proud He was in a state of excitatory delirium in 2020 when Rochester police put a hood on his head and pressed his naked body against the pavement. The black Proud lost consciousness and died.Letitia James Attorney General Published a report It is recommended to train police officers to recognize the symptoms of excitatory delirium.

Elijah McClain — a black man hanged by a police officer in Aurora, Colorado in 2019 — Inject ketamine After saying that the first responder is experiencing excitatory delirium. He was life-sustaining and later died.


Find AP’s full coverage of George Floyd’s death below: https://apnews.com/hub/death-of-george-floyd