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Nine popular vaccine myths uncovered

Reading, PA – April 1: Detailed photo of a glass vial of Moderna COVID-19 vaccine. Co-operated with Forge and West Reading drugstore pharmacist Eric Estherbrook at the Olivet Boys and Girls Club Pendrasite in Reading, Pennsylvania, to administer the Moderna vaccine on Thursday afternoon, April 1st. did. 2021. (Photo courtesy of Ben Hasty / MediaNews Group / Reading Eagle via Getty Images) If you spend as much time scrolling through the dark and premonition trenches of social media as I do, (breathtaking! You may find that it is not all. You will read that it is perfectly accurate there. And in the COVID-19 era, many of the false claims spread on social media, forwarded email chains, and even word-of-mouth (with the old-fashioned Laura Ingalls twist) are related to viruses. .. There is a myth about how it contracts, its symptoms, and, of course, the COVID-19 vaccine. False information is not surprising, says Jessica Marati Rivera, MS, an infectious disease epidemiologist and science communication leader for the COVID tracking project. “Vaccine hesitation … has been a persistent problem for years,” she points out. In response to the smallpox vaccine, she mistakenly mistaken measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines for autism as one of the leading causes of modern anti-vaccine sentiment, even though they existed even in the colonial era. Point out that the 1998 study associated with was withdrawn. “Many of these myths have been used for decades,” said the director of the Centers for Health and Risk Communication at the University of Georgia, formerly working for the National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Vaccination Program. Dr. Glennowak says. “They tend to come from websites and people who are actively working to instill vaccine hesitation and resistance. Social media improves the visibility and sharing of these claims.” False information Comes from many different sources, but at least some misleading claims appear to be spread by the same websites and people who have spread election-related falsehoods, the New York Times reports. We asked Dr. Nowak, Malati Rivera, and other experts to identify and debank the most common misconceptions they encounter. However, if you hear a surprising or suspicious claim that isn’t on this list, Dr. Nowak suggests asking your doctor if it’s true before you believe it. Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine is not safe because it is developed and tested too quickly. Fact: Operation Warp Speed ​​has reduced much of the bureaucratic bureaucratic formalism that often holds up new vaccine proposals, but the process of testing vaccines through clinical trials has been less rigorous. For example, vaccine makers have been allowed to conduct preclinical trials (testing vaccines in animals) and Phase 1 clinical trials (testing vaccines in humans) at the same time, rather than one after another, to save time. Also, Malaty Rivera is careful. However, each trial lasted a long time and examined as many subjects as usual. “All the milestones and goals we needed to achieve had to be achieved,” emphasizes Malaty Rivera. The Food and Drug Administration also required manufacturers to monitor study participants and collect safety data for eight weeks after vaccination before applying for an emergency use authorization. This is to ensure that there are no side effects. It’s a very cautious move, given that most side effects occur within minutes. Or on Jab Day, Malaty Rivera adds. In addition, researchers have been studying mRNA, which is the basis of Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, for over a decade. “Honestly, Operation Warp Speed ​​was a badly named initiative,” said Marati, reflecting the sentiment expressed this fall by Dr. Anthony Fauci, MD, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Rivera admits. “But thank you for what happened. It provided a continuous stream of funding to continue research.” Myth: COVID-19 vaccine may give you COVID-19 .. Fact: Vaccines that have been granted an emergency use authorization in the United States do not contain the virus that causes COVID-19 and cannot be provided. Side effects such as pain at the injection site, headache, chills, malaise, and muscle aches may occur, but these are symptoms of the body’s response to the vaccine, not the virus. Myth: The negative side effects of vaccines can be fatal. Fact: This is a relatively widespread falsehood, but there is no evidence that the COVID vaccine causes death, the CDC said. However, they have been proven to prevent death and protect the people around you. One of the twists in this myth is the claim that COVID-19 has a mortality rate of “only” 1% and is therefore less dangerous. However, “1% mortality is 10 times more lethal than seasonal flu,” Mayo Clinic points out. “In addition, mortality can vary widely and is affected by age, gender, and underlying health.” Conclusion: Vaccines save lives. Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine can alter DNA. Fact: This is not true. The misconception may be due to the fact that both modeler and Pfizer vaccines contain messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), the genetic material that cells use to “read” proteins. The mRNA in the vaccine helps the body recognize and counterattack important parts of the virus that causes COVID-19. It interacts with or has nothing to do with your cell’s DNA. The mRNA contained in the vaccine is broken down and washed away from the body over time. “”[Anti-vaccine political groups] Peter Hotes, MD, a professor at Baylor College of Medicine and co-director of Texas Children’s Center for Vaccine Development, says that mRNA vaccines use the GMO metaphor to cause “genetically modified humans.” “That’s obviously not the case.” Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine can cause infertility and miscarriage. Fact: There is no evidence that the vaccine has been linked to infertility or miscarriage, but the horrifying false alarm campaign continues to call the COVID vaccine “female sterilization.” “There is no science in this claim,” says Malaty Rivera. “This is a very harmful myth. It was created to incite horror and is torn directly from the HPV vaccine’s anti-vax playbook. It’s an original and unscientific claim.” 69,000 so far More than one pregnant person is vaccinated, and early data tracked by the CDC show that the vaccine is likely to be safe and effective during pregnancy. Pregnant people are now eligible for vaccination in more than 40 states, and a new study from the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology shows that vaccines provide strong immunity to pregnant people. It is the responsibility of all individuals to assess their level of risk and comfort, but Malaty Rivera says the benefits of the vaccine appear to outweigh the risk of a pregnant person being infected with COVID-19. I will. Virus. Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine was developed using fetal tissue. Fact: None of the vaccines contain aborted fetal cells or tissues. In addition, no fetal tissue is used in the development or manufacture of vaccines. The confusion results from the use of so-called fetal cell lines, which are fetal cells replicated in the laboratory. They were derived from cells harvested from selective abortions that occurred decades ago and proliferated into new cells over the decades. Fetal cell lines provide a way to test therapies of human cells and are often used medically. They have been used to test treatments for conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, for example. Pfizer and Moderna used fetal cell lines in vaccine testing, and Johnson & Johnson used them in development and production. However, the vaccine itself does not contain fetal cells. Even the Vatican says it’s okay for Catholics to get all three vaccines. The church hinted that Catholics should try to vaccinate other than J & J if possible, but ultimately Catholics protect themselves and others from the coronavirus by being vaccinated. Say there is a moral obligation. “If someone wants to morally oppose an abortion that happened 50 years ago, that’s one thing,” says Malaty Rivera. “But it seems to me that it’s actually more morally criticized to prevent treatment or treatment that saves people’s lives due to an event.” Myth: Already infected with COVID-19 If you are recovering, you do not need a vaccine. Fact: You need to get one of the vaccines, whether you are already infected with the virus or not. Infection with COVID appears to provide some immunity to the virus, but how long the immunity lasts, how strong it is, and how much protection it protects from other COVID-19 variants, Saskia V. Still do not know. Dr. Popesque, an infectious disease epidemiologist and assistant professor at George Mason University, previously told the refinery29. There are two exceptions to the CDC. If you are currently COVID positive, you will need to wait for vaccination until you are quarantined and recovered. If you have been treated with the virus with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma, you should wait 90 days after treatment to get the jab. Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine is injected with a barcode or microchip to track a person. Fact: This would be a great sci-fi movie, but it’s not. This bizarre allegation stems from a widely distributed Facebook video that includes manipulated footage of Bill & Melinda Gates and Jackma, with a $ 590 million loan to manufacture vaccine syringes in November. I called for a company called ApiJect that I received. ApiJect offers an optional “radio frequency identification chip” technology. ApiJect spokeswoman Steve Hofman told Reuters that these chips would be on the syringe label to ensure that the vaccine was genuine, had not expired and was unused. I am aiming for it. They are never injected into humans. In addition, as of December, the COVID vaccine used in the United States has not actually opted for the use of chip technology. (ApiJect has not yet responded to Refinery29’s request for comment.) Myth: The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is not as effective as the other two vaccines. Fact: The Johnson & Johnson vaccine has been shown to be 66% effective in preventing symptomatological COVID-19 globally and 72% in the United States for the prevention of moderate to severe COVID-19. I am. 90 and above). However, studies have shown that the J & J vaccine is 100% effective against hospitalization and death 28 days after vaccination. This is a more important number. “People see the numbers in the headlines, but miss the nuances,” said Bruce Gellin, MD, MPH, President of Global Immunization at the Sabin Vaccine Institute. It is not possible to directly compare the three vaccines currently used in the United States. This is because different COVID-19 variants are used in different parts of the world at different times in the trial. (See Vox’s comprehensive description for detailed background information.) All we need to know is that they are all considered sufficiently protected to be approved by the FDA. It’s just that it’s good to keep us alive. From that point of view, there is no mistake, except that you will not be vaccinated. View this post on Instagram Post shared by Vox (@voxdotcom) Is R29 a little better? Vaccinated people cannot carry or disseminate COVID Vaccine passports are coming Why do you feel guilty about vaccination?

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