Germany closed half of the remaining six nuclear power plants


Berlin (AP) — Germany closed half of its six nuclear power plants still in operation on Friday, a year before the final dawn of decades of nuclear power.

The decision to phase out nuclear power and move from fossil fuels to renewables was first made in 2002 by Gerhard Schroeder’s central left government. His successor, Angela Merkel, overturned her decision to extend the life of the German nuclear power plant. After confirming the occurrence of the Fukushima disaster in Japan in 2011, we have set 2022 as the final deadline for closure.

The three currently closed reactors were first powered up in the mid-1980s. Together, they have powered millions of German homes for almost 40 years.

One of the plants, Brokdorf, is located 40 km (25 miles) northwest of Hamburg along the river Elbe and was the particular focus of the anti-nuclear protests fueled by the 1986 Chernobyl accident in the Soviet Union.

The other two plants are Grownde, 40 km south of Hanover, and Gundrenmingen, 80 km (50 miles) west of Munich.

Some people in Germany are calling for a reconsideration of their decision to end the use of nuclear power because of the relatively low carbon dioxide emissions of power plants that are already in operation. Proponents of nuclear power claim to help Germany meet its climate goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

However, the German government announced this week that it will shut down all nuclear power plants from next year. Phased abolition of coal use It will not affect national energy security by 2030 or the goal of making Europe’s largest economy “climate neutral” by 2045.

“By significantly increasing renewable energy and accelerating the expansion of the power grid, we can show that this is possible in Germany,” said Robert Habeck, Minister of Economy and Climate.

According to the Fraunhofer Institute, renewable energy sources provided almost 46% of the electricity generated in Germany in 2021. Coal accounted for more than 51% and nuclear power supplied more than 13%.

Are some of Germany’s neighbors already out of nuclear power? Announced plans to do so, But others are sticking to technology.This raises concerns about nuclear lifts in Europe, France plans to build a new reactor, Germany chooses natural gas as a “bridge” until sufficient renewable energy is available, and both sides Claims to be their preference Energy sources are classified as sustainable..

The remaining three nuclear power plants in Germany (Emsland, Isar and Neckarwestheim) are expected to shut down by the end of 2022.

Although some jobs will be lost, utility company RWE says more than two-thirds of the 600 workers at the Gundrenmingen nuclear power plant will continue to be involved in post-shutdown operations until the 2030s. rice field.Germany’s Nuclear companies will receive nearly $ 3 billion Due to the early closure of their factory.

Environment Minister Stephi Remke has rejected the proposal that a new generation of nuclear power plants may urge Germany to change course again.

“Nuclear power plants remain high-risk facilities that produce highly radioactive atomic waste,” she told Funke Media Group this week.

No final decision has yet been made as to where to store the most powerful. Nuclear waste generated at a power plant in Germany.. Experts state that some substances maintain dangerous radioactivity for 35,000 generations.

___

Follow AP’s Climate News coverage http://apnews.com/hub/climate

Posted on