According to the first and largest survey of this kind, Holocaust conscious people are religious and cultural minorities, Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, asylum seekers, Aborigines, and Torres Strait Islanders.
However, nearly a quarter of Australians have little or no knowledge of genocide, even though it is one of the countries with the highest number of Holocaust survivors outside Israel.
In the survey, only 54% said that the number of Jews killed was about 6 million.
Early studies in Canada and the United Kingdom have shown similar results, and researchers say that this regarding the lack of historical knowledge reflects our attitude towards immigration policy.
“Few people know Australia’s hard-line attitude towards pre-WWII Jewish refugees,” said Stephen Cook, a senior researcher and associate professor.
“How does knowing its history help reflect our attitude towards asylum seekers today, for example?”
Of the 3,500 Australians who participated in the “Knowledge and Awareness of the Gandel Holocaust in Australia” survey, more than 70% said they knew nothing about their relationship with the Holocaust.
These events included protests against the treatment of Jews by the Nazis, led by indigenous leader and human rights activist William Cooper, and the 1938 Evian Conference, which Australia refused to accept Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany. It will be.
“People tend to see the Holocaust as a tragic European event that happened far away. If we can clarify, for better or for worse, our connection to the Holocaust in Australia, we will have a more general knowledge and understanding of genocide. “It helps to raise the bar,” said Senior Researcher Donna Lee Freeze.
Studies show that the best knowledge about the Holocaust is those who read history books about the Holocaust, Boomers, men, and visitors to the Holocaust Centers and museums. It was 50% more likely to have important knowledge about the Holocaust.
As a result, the team makes some recommendations, including the introduction of consistent Holocaust studies in Australian schools by properly accredited teachers.
“In the next few years, there will also be some new or significantly redeveloped Holocaust museums or educational centers in all Australian states and territories,” Cook said.
Researchers used “sensory thermometers” to measure the warmth of people to different minority groups. 0 degrees is the coldest and 100 degrees is the warmest. For example, the average warmth for indigenous peoples in Australia was 78, while the average warmth for people with low Holocaust awareness was only 61.