After a former police officer was convicted of murder for the death of George Floyd, a new focus has been placed on the African-American experience when it comes to US law enforcement.
We have seen some data on crime and justice.
1. African Americans are more likely to be shot deadly
The numbers available for police shootings of people show that African Americans are far more likely to be fatally shot than the total population of the United States.
by The Washington Post Police Shooting Database, African Americans make up less than 14% of the population, but nearly 24% of the more than 6,000 deadly shootings by police since 2015.
The overall number of deadly shots is relatively stable, with police killing about 1,000 people each year in the United States since 2015.
Further research shows Police kill unarmed blacks deadly in the United States more than three times as often as whites.
2. African Americans are more likely to be pulled
Studies have shown that blacks are more likely to be pulled to police transportation stops.
One of the latest 2020 Study by Stanford UniversityAnalyzed 100 million traffic outages by police stations across the United States and found that black drivers were about 20% more likely to stop than white drivers.
Research found that black drivers were searched up to twice as often as white drivers when stopped, but were less likely to carry statistically illegal items.
3. African Americans are more often arrested for substance abuse
African Americans are arrested for substance abuse at a much higher rate than White Americans, but research shows that drugs are used at similar levels.
In 2018, about 750 of 100,000 African Americans were arrested for substance abuse, compared to about 350 of 100,000 White Americans.
Earlier national surveys on drug use have shown that whites use drugs at similar rates, but African Americans continue to be arrested more often.
For example Study by the American Civil Liberties Union African-Americans were found to be 3.7 times more likely to be arrested for possession of marijuana than whites, even with comparable marijuana usage.
4. More African Americans are imprisoned
African Americans are five times more imprisoned than White Americans and twice as often as Hispanic Americans. According to the latest data..
In 2019, African Americans made up about 13% of the US population, but almost one-third of the country’s prison population.
White Americans made up about 30% of the prison population, even though they made up more than 60% of the total population of the United States.
This is more than 1,000 African-American prisoners for every 100,000 African-American residents, compared to about 200 white prisoners for every 100,000 White-Americans.
The US prison population is defined as a prisoner sentenced to one year or more in a federal or state prison.
Although African-American imprisonment rates have declined over the past decade, they still account for more prison population than any other race.
This work was originally published in June 2020, but has been updated to include the latest information.