New Delhi — Turkey seeks to gain credibility in bidding on the global caliphate by defending the Islamic cause in Kashmir, a region divided into India and Pakistan.
Behind Turkey’s recent Muslim foreign policy is the first World War that saw the rise of secular westernized Turkey and the following, including President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s AKP (Justice and Development Party): It has a history of being sandwiched between the rise of various political parties from 50 to 60 years. Party), said Abinaf Pandia, who advised the last governor of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Pandaya, the current CEO of the Usanas Foundation, an India-based geopolitical and security think tank, has changed Turkey’s foreign policy with Erdogan’s three-election victory and presidential post since 2014. He told the Epoch Times that he had begun to do so.
“And as he progressed, these secular elements were gradually alienated from the Turkish regime, and religion became a more powerful force,” Pandia said. Geopolitical games have begun to emerge in this context. “It was basically the resurrection of the Ottoman Empire, or the glory of the Ottoman Empire where he could project himself as a caliph in the Islamic world.”
By this time, Turkey’s dream of joining the European Union had disappeared, he said. “So now, instead of begging in front of the European Union, why not regain the true glory of the Ottoman Empire? That glory of the Ottoman Empire will only occur if Turkey returns to its religious roots in Islam. It will be brought, “said Pandia. He said democratically elected leader Erdogan would be more accepted as a caliph than the Islamic extremists who lead global terrorist organizations.
“I know he is a democratically elected leader in a country like Turkey. Turkey is a country with great military power or a growing superpower and a fairly decent middle-income group. is. [population], Excellent infrastructure, and the illustrious history of the Ottoman Empire. Therefore, he is likely to be accepted as a caliph by Muslims around the world, “said Pandia.
In addition to this possibility, he said, there are stories of Islamophobia that also exist in the West and India, injecting fear that Muslims and their beliefs are at stake.
“So they are already looking for a compelling, powerful and existing alternative model of leadership. Therefore, no one else can satisfy the case. He is a democratically elected sovereignty. I am the sovereign leader of the nation. “
“And because of his trust, he has the potential to be accepted as a leader in the Ummah (Arabic community) around the world. Imagine how much power he creates around the world.” Pandia said. In this context, he said, the world needs to understand Turkey’s interest in South Asia, especially Kashmir.
Turkish interest in Kashmir
The Turkish agenda of integrating Islamic Ummahs under that leadership will be challenged directly by the Arab world seeking the same leadership. As a result, Erdogan has not enjoyed many leadership opportunities among Muslims, Pandia said.
“The first battle for Islamic leaders in the Islamic world was not between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Today we are misunderstood that it is Iran and Saudi Arabia. Originally with Turkey. It was between Saudi Arabia, “Pandia said. He mentioned many battles between the Ottoman Empire and the Saudi dynasty. The latter eventually expelled the Ottoman Empire with the help of Britain and became the caretaker of the sacred sites of the Islamic world, Mecca and Medina.
Unlike Muslims in the Arab world, Muslims in South Asia will be willing to accept the leadership of Prime Minister Erdogan because Turkey has strong historical, cultural and religious ties with South Asia. This is from the time of the Mughal Empire, which ruled the subcontinent before Britain ruled in 1857. According to Pandia, many Mughal aristocrats fled to Turkey.
“Then, when the Turkish Ottoman Caliphate was uprooted by the British in the 1920s, Gandhi launched a movement in 1920 called the Khilafat Movement,” Pandia said. It was the Khilafat Movement that began seeking restoration. Ottoman caliph.
Mahatma Gandhi wanted to unite Muslims and Hindus against British colonial rule. That required a Muslim cause, Pandia said. However, after the violence, Gandhi withdrew the Khilafat movement, while Britain uprooted the Ottoman Empire in India. These events sowed the seeds of two-nation theory, which ultimately led to the bloody division of colonial India into India and Pakistan, Pandia said.
The partition also sowed the seeds of a long-running conflict between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, and this background needs to be understood to grasp Turkey’s current agenda within Kashmir. ..
“If he wants to get the support of Muslims in South Asia, what is the best way to get support? Try to build a relationship with Islamic organizations in India. And second, in South Asia It’s about trying to raise the most important issue for Muslims, “Pandia said, adding that Erdogan has a strategy.
He said that the Kashmir cause in South Asia was a religious cause, which affected Muslims, and Erdogan took it up.
“”[He seeks] Since South Asian Muslims may not be as relevant to the Palestinian cause as they are to the Kashmir cause, internalize the credibility of the Islamic world, the Kashmir issue, and the hearts of Muslims throughout South Asia. To grab. “Pandia said.
Turkish activity in Kashmir
Turkey’s voice about Kashmir and its activities within Kashmir has been amplified in the last four to five years, and its tactics are multifaceted. For example, it leverages an international platform to wage and support information warfare against India in Kashmir through social media and mainstream media channels. According to Pandia.
Recently India Today reports That Turkish SADAT, a shadow military organization, Turkish ambassador Sakir Ozkan Trunler said he was preparing to work in Kashmir but was unfounded and false. Pandia said he believed that the establishment of India was on the lookout after the Indian media turmoil about this.
so Interview with The Wire last yearAS Dulat, a former chief of the Research & Analysis Wing (R & AW) in India, said “worriedly” that 50 foreign mercenaries, including Turks, had traveled from Pakistan to Kashmir.
Burhan Wani, commander of the Hizbul Mujahideen, was killed by Indian security forces in 2016. Before his death He released a video He said he had openly stated that he wanted to make Kashmir an Islamic caliphate.
“Pakistan then organized violent civil unrest [inside Kashmir] Pakistan’s Interservice Intelligence (ISI) has supplied 800 chlores (more than $ 100 million), “Pandia said. Sting operation by India today It recorded a video of a separatist leader confessing that he had received money from Pakistan. This is also reported in the book.K-File: Silence Conspiracy “Bashir Assad And in an investigation by the National Investigation Agency of India, Pandia said. Police fired on violent protesters, he said, killing 46 people during the turmoil.
Turkey continued to spread the news about anxiety and loss of life worldwide, but never got into the background of the event, Pandia said. He emphasized that Turkey turned out to be a strong supporter of Pakistan.
The· The United States was blacklisted Kashmir-based Hizbrum Mujahideen as a terrorist organization in 2017. Turkish national media TRT World Crocodiles have been included in the list of “20 people who shook the world in 2016”.
“Burhan Wani, a hero to the Kashmirs but a’terrorist’in the eyes of the Indian state, was a 21-year-old rebel in Kashmir under Indian control,” said Boris Johnson and Bernie Sanders. TRT World said in a list that includes. And Ivanka Trump.
“He used social media to amplify his voice and uploaded videos and photos to Kashmir with a message calling for a break from Indian rule. His gun-wielding presence was symbolic, but His call for freedom affected tens of thousands of young Kashmirs, although it was an image war against India’s continued invasion in Kashmir, where about 500,000 troops were stationed to calm dissent. Gave.
In August 2019, after India revoked Article 370 of the Constitution, which gives Jammu and Kashmir limited autonomy, the state was dissolved and two federal territories were created from it. Pandia claims that Turkey’s voice over Kashmir has since grown louder.
Only a month after this political reorganization, Erdogan Raised the Kashmir issue At the UN General Assembly, he criticized the international community for failing to serve its purpose.
Despite official Indian opposition, Prime Minister Erdogan raised the issue again during his speech at the Joint Session of the Pakistani Parliament in February 2020.
“Our Kashmir brothers and sisters have suffered inconveniences for decades, and these sufferings have been exacerbated by recent unilateral measures.” He added that he would support Pakistan Financial Action Task Force (FATF). “Today, the problem in Kashmir is as close to us as you (Pakistan),” Erdogan said.
While Pakistan continues FATF Gray List Just ReleasedPandia has designated countries involved in supporting terrorism, but said Turkey has always been a major obstacle to Pakistan’s “blacklist” in the FATF, leading to direct economic sanctions.
“I heard that the drones that Pakistan is using to stop in Kashmir are very high quality drones. They drop their weapons and disappear within seconds. You can’t even find them. They are unidentified. It’s like a flying object, “said Pandia, who writes the next book on terrorist financing in Kashmir. He said Pakistan could not manufacture such sophisticated drones and they came from either China, Russia or Turkey.
Turkey also attracts Kashmir students with many scholarships Study at a Turkish educational institution.. “And these students are trained in human rights studies, various international affairs studies, and even technical studies such as good drones and wars,” Pandia said, Turkey training them in their own story. I added that.
This is the second in a series on Kashmir’s global agenda (on the agenda of Kashmir’s CCP), based on an exclusive interview with Kashmir field researcher Abhinav Pandya, who advised Governor Satya Pal Malik of Jammu and Kashmir. Continued). Intensification and security issues at the critical stage of the abolition of Article 370, which led to the constitutional reorganization of the state.