India Hosts Regional Security Dialogue on Afghanistan Amid Intensifying Security Crisis


New Delhi — New Delhi hosted a regional security dialogue in eight countries in Afghanistan on November 10 to address terrorism, intensification, increased drug trafficking, and the need for humanitarian aid after the Taliban hijacked Afghanistan. Strengthened regional cooperation.

The meeting, led by India’s security aide Ajit Doval, was attended by his counterparts from Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirghistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Pakistan and China did not attend the meeting.

Participants discussed the evolving situation of Afghanistan and its regional and global implications. The group of eight issued the Delhi Declaration, which also discussed ensuring the basic rights of women, children and minorities in Afghanistan, among others.

Participants later called on Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, highlighting four aspects that countries need to focus on in the context of Afghanistan, according to a statement by the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MEA) on November 10.

“Comprehensive government needs. Zero-tolerance stance on Afghanistan’s territory used by terrorist groups. Strategies to combat drug and weapon trafficking from Afghanistan. And more and more serious in Afghanistan. Dealing with humanitarian crises, “said Modi.

Strategic and foreign policy analysts told The Epoch Times that the Delhi Declaration emphasized the region’s new geopolitics after the Taliban hijacked Kabul.

“This is the first Delhi Declaration in two years and the last in 2019. This Declaration reaffirms what India has long sought, Afghanistan not used for terrorism, and the provision of development assistance. “The Washington-based Hudson Institute’s initiative on the future of India and South Asia told the Epoch Times in an email.

“The presence of Central Asian countries, Russia and Iran shows India’s influence in the region and its perception of India’s role in Afghanistan and its future. The absence of both China and Pakistan shows them about Afghanistan. It shows that the convergence between the policies of India is progressing, “said Pande.

Hirsch V. Pants, director of the Delhi-based Observer Research Foundation’s Strategic Research Program, said India is a major power in both Eurasia and the Indo-Pacific, and India’s leadership is essential to maintaining regional cooperation. I told the Epoch Times.

“The challenges that Afghanistan poses after the Taliban takeover requires comprehensive regional response and a new security architecture. Alone on issues such as violent extremism, extremism, porous borders, and drug trafficking. No regional nation is in a position to deal with it. Regional coordination is needed, and cross-border security agencies need to work together, ”says Pants.

Michael Johns, an influential defender of U.S. aid to Afghan resistance in Soviet-occupied Afghanistan, and later President George HW Bush’s White House President’s speech writer, is another government. And the government, which the Indians said in a non-governmental position, sees Afghanistan’s problems and their complexity as “may be better than any other government in the world.”

“They are commendable and approaching Afghanistan with good intentions. The Modi administration is a member of this NSA group and, as I see, their goals are about the same as those of Afghanistan. That’s why we’re ready to do the right thing in Afghanistan: stability, human rights, representative government, and sovereignty, “said Johns, who, like China, Pakistan, and Russia, has policies on this issue. He added that there are other different countries.

Epoch Times Photo
Afghanistan will inspect the interior of the mosque after being bombed in Kunduz, northern Afghanistan, on October 8, 2021. (Abdrasa Hill / AP photo)

Imminent crisis and geopolitics

Experts say that the crisis in Afghanistan and the terrorist situation throughout the region are only exacerbating, and the conflict between the various regional powers and the diversification of geopolitical agendas in Afghanistan continues. He said the effect of the regional conference was lost.

Ahmad Rashid Salim is a best-selling writer from Afghanistan, a community leader, and a doctoral fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, studying and teaching topics in the fields of Islamic studies, Persian literature, and Afghanistan. .. The Delhi Declaration is a welcome step and contains important considerations, but it is not clear what will happen if the problem persists and gets worse.

“The crisis in Afghanistan requires regional and global power to awaken from their sleep and recognize that a catastrophe is imminent. There are not enough resources to survive the harsh winters of Afghanistan. What concrete actions will be taken to enable millions of people at risk of hunger? ”Salim said the situation in Afghanistan is global as well as regional. He added that it would also have an impact.

He closed his eyes while the U.S. government closed his eyes while Tullivan committed violent crimes such as ultra-legal murder, ethnic cleansing, denial of women’s right to work and education, suspension of free coverage in Afghanistan, and massive corruption. He said he wanted the disaster to pass.

“The crisis in Afghanistan requires short-term and long-term commitments backed by a willingness to act,” Salim said.

Glasgow-based foreign policy analyst Hamid Bahrami told the Epoch Times that the Delhi conference was not the first of its kind, and similar events recently took place in Moscow and Tehran.

“First of all, such an event will not have concrete results, as everyone who participated and those who did not participate are rivals,” Bahrami said.

Bahrami was pointing to Pakistan and China. Pakistan refused to attend the meeting altogether last week, but national security adviser Maud Yusuf called India a “spoiler” rather than an Afghan “peacemaker.”

China refused to participate due to “schedule issues,” but said it was open to multilateral and bilateral talks with India on Afghanistan.

Pakistan hosted a meeting on Thursday among senior diplomats from China, Russia, and the United States to discuss avoiding a humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan. Reported by Al Jazeera Taliban Foreign Minister Amir Khan Muttaki was in Islamabad, but he did not attend the meeting.

“The lack of actors in Afghanistan is another sign of the failure of such an event,” Bahrami said.

Meanwhile, Dr. Satoru Nagao, a fellow (non-resident) at the Hudson Institute, pointed out the expansion of the Taliban-Pakistan-China alliance, and this month 45 tons of pine nuts flew from Kabul to Shanghai.

“This is the first Taliban-controlled export from Afghanistan to China. Therefore, the Taliban-Pakistan-China alliance is not just a simulation. It can happen. India is in such a scenario. We need to be prepared, “Nagao said.

Chinese State Council member and Foreign Minister Wang Yi meets with Mura Abdul Ghani Baradar, Afghanistan's Taliban political chief in Tianjin
Chinese State Council member and Foreign Minister Wang Yi will meet with Mura Abdul Ghani Baradar, the political head of the Taliban in Afghanistan, in Tianjin, China, on July 28, 2021.

Legitimacy of Taliban rule

Various regional conferences have been held on the Afghanistan issue, but no country, including China and Pakistan, has yet granted control of the Taliban. Experts said regional powers are watching how the overall situation evolves against their agenda and policies on Afghanistan.

“Pakistan called India a’spoiler’,” Bahrami said, but Islamabad itself is now a villain destabilizing Kashmir, weakening the Afghan government for 20 years. Today, Pakistan has the illusion of swallowing the entire Afghanistan with its doll, the Taliban. “

“Afghanistan is currently politically captured by the ISI, but if the world cannot be persuaded to admit the Taliban, Islamabad will lose control in the long run. In addition, the Taliban will be supported by Afghanistan. Without it, Pakistan’s interests would be at risk, “Burami said, adding that Pakistan’s initiative would not be” successful “because of” competition “with India and Iran.

Mr Salim said the Taliban does not represent the will of the Afghan people, but is a “existential threat” to Afghanistan, the region and the world.

“Afghanistan has already become the epicenter of terrorists and is in the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. All in three months. 95 percent of the country is at risk of hunger. Unimaginable fear. It will take place. To prevent it, we need bold action from the international community and conscious citizens, “said Salim.

Johns said the Afghanistan Constitution was formulated by 500 male and female constitutional representatives, and Article 67 of the Constitution provides a legal basis for dealing with the situation in Afghanistan today.

The Taliban has no legal basis to govern, “the Afghan interim government, led by former Vice President Amurula Surrey, needs to be publicly recognized and a constitutional election process for a new presidential election established.” He said.

Meanwhile, Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen after the declaration of Delhi Indian TV Station, News18, Seeing the meeting positive and wanting to start an economic project. When asked about Pakistan’s absence, Shaheen said it was because “the country decides its position.”

Venus Upadayaya

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Venus Upadhayaya reports on various issues. Her area of ​​expertise is geopolitics in India and South Asia. She reports from the highly volatile Indian-Pakistan border and has contributed to India’s mainstream print media for almost a decade. Community media, sustainable development and leadership continue to be her key areas of interest.