India has stepped up its impetus for coronavirus vaccination in the midst of a deadly second wave of infection.
On Sunday, the country broke 100,000 case roadmarks for the first time since the pandemic began.
Everyone over the age of 45 was eligible for the jab. In some states, it also targets specific groups such as bankers and lawyers.
To date, it has been given nearly 80 million doses, primarily to front-line workers and people over the age of 60.
The northern state of Uttar Pradesh has announced that it will carry out a special vaccination drive for journalists, bankers and lawyers. The neighboring state of Uttarakhand is planning a similar target drive.
The world’s largest vaccination drive aims to cover 250 million people by July, but experts say the pace needs to be further increased to reach the goal.
The third phase, which began on April 1, began with a surge in Covid-19 cases. On Sunday, India became the second country after the United States, reporting 100,000 new cases a day. More than half of them have been identified in Maharashtra, the capital of India’s largest city, Mumbai.
The number of cases in India dropped sharply by the time people began vaccination earlier this year. Less than 15,000 infections were added daily. However, cases caused primarily by inadequate test-and-trace and loose safety protocols began to surge again in March.
Experts say India’s second wave is fueled by People with weak alertness -And mixed messaging by the government.
Since the beginning of the pandemic, India has confirmed more than 12 million cases and more than 165,000 deaths. This is the third highest number of Covid-19 infections in the world after the United States and Brazil.
How is the rollout going?
India Vaccination drive started on January 16th, But it was limited to health care workers and frontline staff-sanitary workers became the first Indians to receive the vaccine.
Beginning March 1, the eligibility criteria have been expanded to include people over the age of 60 and those with other illnesses between the ages of 45 and 59.
The third phase of the vaccination drive for all jabs over the age of 45 began on April 1.
Drug regulators in the country have given a green light to a vaccine developed by AstraZeneca in collaboration with the University of Oxford (Covishield) and two vaccines developed by the Indian company Bharat Biotech (Covaxin). Some other candidates are at different stages of the exam.
India also wants to quickly expand its drive to stop the recent surge.So I put it recently Oxford-Temporarily suspending all exports of AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccineManufactured by Serum Institute of India (SII), India’s largest vaccine manufacturer.
Experts believe that India should increase vaccination in high-incidence areas and in states where elections are held to prevent the spread of the virus.
Bhramar Mukherjee, a professor of biostatistics and epidemiology at the University of Michigan, told the BBC that India needs to make 10 million injections a day “rather than being content with 3 million doses.”
“I’m dissatisfied with India’s failure to deploy vaccination drives more aggressively while the curve is in the valley,” said Dr. Mukherjee.
“If the infection is not very high, it is much easier to deploy vaccination. Currently, medical capacity is expanding between vaccination and Covid care.”
How many people have been vaccinated so far?
So far, nearly 80 million coronavirus vaccines have been administered.
More than 60 million people have been vaccinated once and more than 10 million have been fully vaccinated after two vaccinations.
India has been implementing one of the world’s largest vaccination programs for decades, immunizing tens of millions of people, including newborns and pregnant women, for a variety of illnesses.
Therefore, experts believed that India was well prepared for the challenge. However, skepticism about vaccines and lack of awareness in the poor and rural areas have slowed their spread.
Many poor people have little information on how to register themselves and access vaccines for free. Online registration can be an obstacle for anyone who does not own a phone or does not use the Internet.
“There is little public health communication between the poor and the working class on vaccines,” says Lada Khan, an independent consultant working in the areas of gender, governance and social inclusion.
The government aims to use up to 500 million doses to cover 250 million “priorities” by the end of July.
Interestingly, in some states, women are vaccinated more than men. The reason is not clear.
Who pays for the vaccine?
Vaccination is optional. State clinics and hospitals offer free jabs, but people can also pay 250 rupees ($ 3.4; £ 2.4) at private facilities to get vaccinated.
The government spends about $ 5 billion on free administration in state-owned clinics, health centers and hospitals.
He also purchased two approved vaccines millions of times and funded the state for a vaccination program.
Were there any “adverse events” after vaccination?
Some people have side effects with the vaccine.
India has a 34-year-old surveillance program to monitor such “adverse events” after vaccination. Experts say that if you don’t report side effects transparently, you’re more likely to fall into the fear of vaccines.
Until early February India reported 8,483 “adverse events” After vaccination. Most of these events were “minor,” with anxiety, dizziness, dizziness, dizziness, fever, and pain, and all patients recovered, the government said.
The surveillance program investigated 412 cases of “serious adverse events,” including: 79 people died after vaccination Until March 13, according to a senior official.
It turns out that “I died when I had an underlying illness such as heart disease, high blood pressure, or diabetes.”
Chart by Shadab Nazmi