International Space Station could go out of orbit in 2031 and collide with the Pacific Ocean: NASA


NASA will continue to operate the International Space Station (ISS) until the end of 2030, after which it could be taken out of orbit in January 2031 and crash into a remote Pacific region known as Point Nemo, officials said. increase.

According to the newly announced plan (pdf) I will explain in detail the goals for the next 10 years of ISS operation. This will ultimately result in a “smooth transition to commercial services”. The ISS collides with an area known as the South Pacific No Man’s Land (SPOUA), also known as the Point. Nemo.

Point Nemo is located 1,670 miles (2,688 km) from Antarctica and is the furthest point from land. 263 Spacecraft And the satellite has been sunk there since 1971.

Upon getting there, the ISS operator “performs ISS re-entry combustion, lowers the ISS as much as possible, and provides the final push to ensure safe atmospheric entry.”

NASA reports that the latest budget estimates assume that deorbit will occur in January 2031, but these assumptions and related costs, including space transportation costs, “continue to improve with each budget cycle. It will be done. “

The ISS is a large spacecraft in orbit around the earth with an average altitude of about 250 miles. Travel at 17,500 mph (28,163 km / h). This means that it orbits the globe every 90 minutes and can support six crew members and visitors.

Designed to keep humans in space, the station’s unique scientific laboratory means that astronauts and astronauts from several countries can do scientific research like no other. increase.

The first part of the ISS was launched in November 1998 and the first crew arrived on November 2, 2000.

Since then, a five-bedroom house or a station with a volume of two Boeing 747 jet airliners has 3,600 researchers We have conducted more than 2,500 experiments in 106 countries.

NASA said the ISS has played a role in supporting deep space exploration, but in the “prosperous space economy”, the commercial space platform will replace the ISS in the future. ..

“The private sector is technically and financially capable of developing and operating commercial low-earth orbit destinations with the support of NASA. NASA Headquarters Commercial Space Director Phil McAlister said in a statement. We look forward to sharing the lessons learned and operational experience with the private sector to help them develop safe, reliable and cost-effective space destinations.

“The report we submitted to Parliament details our comprehensive plan to ensure a smooth transition to commercial destinations after the retirement of the International Space Station in 2030. increase.”

According to NASA, the goal for the next decade is to use the ISS as an “analog of the Mars transport mission” and “key exploration technologies such as the ISS’s most effective environmental control and life support system (ECLSS). It is said that the verification of “” is included. Report.

Robin Gatens, Director of the International Space Station at NASA Headquarters, said:

“The last 30 years have been one of the achievements to verify exploration and human experimentation technologies that support deep space exploration, continue to return medical and environmental benefits to humankind, and lay the foundation for a commercial future in the lowlands. Based on a successful global partnership. Orbit. “

“We look forward to maximizing these returns from the space station until 2030, but we plan to move to commercial space destinations thereafter,” Gatens added. ..

Catabella Roberts

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Katabella Roberts is a reporter currently based in Turkey. She focuses primarily on the United States and covers the news and business of The Epoch Times.