Vienna / Dubai—Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) avoid a collapse that could lead to broader talks on bringing Iran’s nuclear deal back to crisis in 2015, with one recently expired surveillance agreement The two countries said on Monday that the month would be extended.
The move provides breathtaking space for indirect negotiations between the United States and Iran, which will resume in Vienna this week. European diplomats warned that failure to extend the surveillance agreement would jeopardize these talks aimed at making the two countries fully compliant with the 2015 agreement.
However, the grace period will be shorter as the extension expires shortly after Iran’s June 18 presidential election. This could add new UN observers and new interlocutors from the great powers.
IAEA Secretary-General Rafael Grossi said in a press conference, “The equipment and verification and surveillance activities we have agreed to will continue for a month as they are today and will expire on June 24th.” Stated.
He spoke shortly after Iran’s agency ambassador, Kazem Gariba Buddy. Kazem Garibabadi urged the Great Powers Conference in Vienna to take advantage of the windows provided by the extension.
“We encourage Iran to take this opportunity in good faith to lift all sanctions in a practical and verifiable way,” Gulliver Buddy said Monday, according to state media.
A three-month agreement was reached in February to mitigate Iran’s blow, limiting cooperation with IAEA inspectors and monitoring some activities that would otherwise have been forced to continue. Made possible.
This is a black box type system where the IAEA cannot check the data collected until a later date. Grossi said the IAEA would not have access to the data collected in the last three months until at least June 24, adding that it should be able to provide quarterly updates on Iran in much the same way.
The 2015 agreement aims to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons by limiting its uranium enrichment program. Tehran says he didn’t want to make an atomic bomb.
The Trump administration abandoned the nuclear deal three years ago and imposed strict economic and trade sanctions on the Islamic administration.
Iran responded by violating the restrictions of the 2015 agreement on nuclear activity. The move to restrict access to the IAEA stems from legislation that is widely seen as a way to pressure President Joe Biden’s administration to return to the nuclear deal and lift sanctions.
François Murphy and Parisa Hafezi