Iran says a nuclear weapons program to test the latest advanced centrifuges

Tehran, Iran (AP) —Iran is the latest advanced nuclear power on Saturday, despite the five world powers remaining in the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran trying to bring the United States back into the deal. He said he had begun mechanical testing of the centrifuge.

Iran’s IR-9 centrifuge is capable of separating uranium isotopes faster than the centrifuges currently in use during operation, allowing it to concentrate uranium at a faster pace. The announcement on state television was made on Iran’s annual Nuclear Day.

The output of the IR-9 is 50 times faster than the first Iranian centrifuge, the IR-1. Iran’s nuclear program is also developing an IR-8 centrifuge.

Since January, Iran has begun uranium enrichment with a purity of up to 20%. This is a technical step from the weapons-grade level, but Iranian leaders claim that the country does not want to develop nuclear weapons.

Former US President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the nuclear deal in 2018, accusing Iran of not complying with the deal, and opted for increased US sanctions and maximum pressure campaigns for other harsh actions.

Iran responded by strengthening uranium enrichment and building a centrifuge, apparently in breach of the agreement, arguing that nuclear development was for civilian rather than military purposes.

Israel claims that Iran maintains its ambition to develop nuclear weapons, pointing out research on Tehran’s ballistic missile programs and other technologies.

Iran has denied pursuing nuclear weapons, stating that its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes.

Iran’s 20% enriched uranium stockpile has reached 55 kilograms (121 pounds), bringing its nuclear program closer to weapons-grade enrichment levels. The amount of material in January was 17 kilograms.

Iran has installed a cascade of 1,000 IR2 centrifuges and 164 IR4s. Both are up and running and are faster than the IR1 machine.

Since late February, Iran has ceased compliance with the secret agreement with the United Nations nuclear watchdog, which was achieved as part of the groundbreaking nuclear agreement in 2015. The International Atomic Energy Agency has additional protocols in some of the countries it monitors.

Under a protocol with Iran, the IAEA “collects and analyzes hundreds of thousands of images captured daily by sophisticated surveillance cameras,” said 2017. The IAEA also said, “We put 2,000 tamper-proof stickers on the nuclear material.” And equipment. “

However, the Iranian parliament passed a bill in December, demanding that the government limit cooperation with the IAEA and push its nuclear program beyond the limits of the 2015 nuclear deal. After the bill was passed, Iran began enriching uranium to a purity of 20% and rotating advanced centrifuges, both of which were banned in the trade.

Iran argues that the US withdrawal from the nuclear deal was the first breach of the deal by either county, so the US must take the first move and lift sanctions before Iran returns to compliance. ing.

President Joe Biden took office and returned to the agreement, stating that returning Iran’s nuclear program to international restrictions is a priority. However, Iran and the United States disagree on Iran’s request to lift sanctions first. The impasse could be a setback in the new US president’s early foreign policy.

Talks in Vienna aimed at returning the United States to an agreement with Iran broke down on Friday without immediate signs of progress on the issue of separating Washington and Tehran.

However, the delegation talked about the constructive atmosphere and decided to continue the discussion.