Iranian priest who founded Hezbollah survives book bomb and dies

Dubai, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Shiite priest Ali Akbar Motor, who helped discover Lebanese militant group Hezbollah as Iran’s Syrian ambassador and lost his right hand in a book bombing reportedly made by Israel Shamipur died of the coronavirus on Monday. He was 74 years old.

A close ally of Iran’s late Ruhollah Khomeini Supreme Leader, Mortashamipur formed an alliance with Islamic extremist groups in the Middle East in the 1970s. After the Islamic Revolution, he helped establish a paramilitary Revolutionary Guard in Iran and, as Syrian ambassador, brought troops to the region to support the formation of Hezbollah.

In his later years, he slowly joined the reformists of Iran and wanted to change the theocracy of the Islamic Republic from within. He was in Iran after the re-election of then-President Mahmood Ahmadinejad in 2009. He supported opposition leaders Mir Hossein Musabi and Mahdi Karubi in protests against the Green Movement.

Ahmadinejad will eventually stay in power, but “if all the people are aware, avoid violent measures, and continue civil conflict, they will win,” he said at the time.

Mohtashamipour died in a hospital in northern Tehran after being infected with the virus, state-owned IRNA news agency reported. A priest in a black turban who identifies him as a direct descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad in Shiite tradition has been a Shiite sanctuary in Iraq for the past decade after the contested elections in Iran. I lived in Najaf.

Hardline Attorney General Ebrahim Raisi, now considered a strong candidate for next week’s presidential election in Iran, expressed his condolences to Motorshamipour’s family.

According to IRNA, “the one who died was one of the holy warriors on the way to the liberation of Jerusalem and one of the pioneers in the fight against the robbery Zionist regime,” Raisi said.

Born in Tehran in 1947, Mohammad Shamipur met Khomeini while the priest continued to exile in Najaf after being expelled from Iran by Shah Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. In the 1970s, he spoke to the radical groups of the time and helped form an alliance between the future Islamic Republic and the Palestine Liberation Organization in the fight against Israel.

After being arrested by Iraq, Motorshamipour found a way to the residence of Khomeini, who had been exiled outside Paris. They returned to Iran with a victory during the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

In 1982, Khomeini sent Motorshamipour to Syria, which was then under the control of dictator Hafez Assad. Although ostensibly a diplomat, Motorshamipur oversaw the millions of people put in to fund the activities of the Guards in the area.

Lebanon, then Syrian-controlled, deployed tens of thousands of troops there, but was invaded by Israel in 1982 when Israel pursued the PLO in Lebanon. Iran’s support was occupied by Israel. It flowed into the Syrian community. This helped create Hezbollah, a new radical group called the “Party of God.”

In the United States, the bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Beirut, which killed 63 people in 1983, followed by the bombing of the U.S. Marine Corps barracks in the capital of Lebanon, killing 241 U.S. forces and 58 France in another attack. Hezbollah has been accused of the death of the Sky para unit. Hezbollah and Iran have denied involvement.

“The court ruled that Hezbollah and his agents had undoubtedly received extensive physical and technical assistance from the Iranian government,” wrote US District Justice Judge Royce Lambers in 2003. T.

Lambert’s opinion was named directly by Teheran, who said, “Incite an attack on the Lebanese multinational coalition and’take spectacular action against the US Marine Corps.'” Quoted from a U.S. Navy intelligence official. “

Mortashamipur’s IRNA obituary described him as “one of the founders of Hezbollah in Lebanon” and accused Israel of the bombing that injured him. Does not mention the American claim of his involvement in.

According to the book “Rise and Kill First” on the assassination of Israel by journalist Ronen Bergman, at the time of the assassination attempt against him, the Israeli Mossad intelligence agency was at the time to track down Motashamipour. Approved by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir. On Valentine’s Day 1984, he sent a bomb hidden in a book described as “a magnificent English book on the Shiite sanctuaries of Iran and Iraq.”

When Motorshamipur opened the book, the bomb exploded, tearing two fingers in his right and left hands. However, he survived and later became Iran’s Interior Minister, joining the Reformers in 2009 after serving as a hardliner in parliament.


Associated Press writer Nacelle Karimi in Tehran, Iran contributed to this report.

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