The Chinese navy has the largest number of ships in the world.
It is estimated that the Navy has 41 destroyers in eight classes.
Its most powerful class of destroyers, the Type 055 or Renhai, cost $920 million per unit.
China has the world’s largest navy, with more than 355 ships in its fleet, according to the US Naval Research Institute’s 2021 report.
China’s main rival, the United States, has the world’s second-largest navy with 296 ships. According to a 2022 report by the Center for Strategic and International StudiesAlthough smaller than China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy, the U.S. Navy is still widely considered the most powerful in the world today, given its presence, partnerships, experience, and technology.
But China is determined to build a world-class military capable of fighting and winning wars.Already leading in naval size, China continues to expand its naval power. Congressional Research Service forecasts that the country’s fleet will grow to 400 ships by 2025 and 425 ships by 2030.
Over the past decade, China has beefed up its navy to strengthen its military presence around Taiwan. According to a March report by The Japan TimesThe report said “improving the capabilities of Chinese warships” such as destroyers is crucial to the country’s military plans.
China relies on a growing navy to strengthen its will and push its interests into the East China Sea, the South China Sea, parts of the Western Pacific, and potentially further afield as its power grows and improves. .
The Chinese Navy’s growing fleet of destroyers consists of 41 active ships in eight classes. According to the 2022 estimate by the military data site Global Firepower:
In addition to China’s newest class, Type 055, there are six other locally-built active destroyer classes. According to a 2018 report by CRS. Only 956E(M) type is made in foreign countries.
See all eight Chinese destroyer classes. Classes are ranked from newest to oldest according to when they were commissioned.
1.055 type (Ninkai)
of type 055 The newest class of destroyers for the Chinese Navy.Because of its long-range firepower, it is described as “The most powerful warship in the world” is currently six of these ships in service. The Chinese Navy schedule Expand the class to a fleet of 16 ships.
Some experts consider the Type 055 to be the second most powerful surface combatant in the world, after the U.S. Navy’s Zumwalt-class destroyers. According to a 2020 report by the US Naval War College’s China Maritime Research Institute,,
One of the Type 055’s most notable features is its vertical launch system. Type 055 has a total of 112 cells, each measuring 0.85 meters (approximately 2.8 feet). diplomat reported.
Destroyers are also equipped with anti-electronic warfare systems, including EW jammers and Type 762-4 decoy launchers. According to naval technology on the military site.
Nanchang (hull number 101), launch June 2017 and entrusted In January 2020, it was the first ship in its class. In addition, she has five aircraft in active service. Lhasa (102), Anshan (104), Wuxi (107), Dalian (105), and Yan’an (106), According to the geopolitical publication SpecialEurasia.
The cost of building each ship was CNY 6 billion, or $920 million. According to Hong Kong’s South China Morning Post, The Zumwalt-class destroyers cost $7 billion to build compared to the Type 055. per foreign policy.
2. 052D (L) type (Luyang III)
The Type 052 class has two variants, Type 052D and Type 052DL. The latter’s flight deck is 13 feet longer to accommodate the Harbin Z-20 helicopter. According to Defense Agency Jane’s.
More than 20 ships in two variants belong to this class, According to military news site Naval News,Kunming (hull number 172), commissioned in March 2014, is the first active vessel in her class, According to China Daily.
The ships operate under several commands, including the South Sea, North Sea and East Sea fleets. According to the official website of the Ministry of National Defense of China.
The ship is equipped with a Multifunctional Phased Array Radar (MPAR) system, with long-range air defense and modern anti-ship missile capabilities. According to the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory.
3. Model 051C (Louzhou)
051C type is only two ships, Shenyang (hull number 115) and Shijiazhuang (116), per naval technology. Shenyang, the capital ship of this class, was launched in December 2004 and entered service in October 2006, according to news sites.
The Type 051C was the first class to be fitted with the Russian 30N6E1 engagement radar, similar to the US Navy’s AN/SPY-1 radar system. According to a 2020 paper by Sarah KirchbergerAssistant Professor at the University of Hamburg.
4. Type 052C (Luyang II)
The Chinese Navy has six 052C-class ships, According to a 2020 paper by the United States Naval War College. According to the paper, the introduction of this class into the naval fleet marked the beginning of the modernization of China’s surface combatants.
Lanzhou (hull number 170) was commissioned in July 2004 and was the first ship of the class. According to Jane’s Fighting Ships, a 2009 warship reference book. It was also the first Chinese warship with air defense capabilities. According to a 2017 report by the US Naval War College’s China Maritime Research Institute.
5. Type 052B (Luyang No. 1)
The 052B type has two ships, Guangzhou (hull number 168) and Wuhan (169), According to the 2008 CRS report. Guangzhou was launched in May 2002 and entered service in July 2004. According to military website Global Security.
The development of this class represents a major innovation for the Chinese Navy, with the adoption of features such as “smooth and angled surfaces” similar to most advanced European destroyers, according to the military website.
The Type 052B was the first locally built class to demonstrate air defense capabilities. per naval technology. According to the news site, it is also equipped with anti-ship and anti-submarine capabilities.
6.051B type (Ruhai)
Only one ship, Shenzhen (hull number 167), belongs to the Type 051B class. The diplomat reported, citing a defense report.
Shenzhen was commissioned in 1999. China DailyThe ship is tasked with “near-sea active defense,” China’s naval strategy to protect its surrounding waters. According to the 2011 book “Chinese Navy: Expanding Capabilities, Evolving Roles”.
According to China Daily, The ship received an upgrade in 2017 to improve her combat capabilities. The Chinese Navy also re-equipped the ship’s weapons and electronic systems in 2014 as China modernized its old fleet.
7. Type 052A (land lake)
There are two ships in this class, Harbin (hull number 112) and Qingdao (113). per book in 2014 Written by Chinese military experts Dennis Gormly, Andrew Erickson, and Jingdong Yuan.
Harbin was launched in August 1991 and entered service in May 1994. According to the Navy database site Sea Forces,
According to the authors of the 2014 book, the class consists of the first domestically produced modern multirole surface fighters with “comprehensive surface attack” and air defense capabilities. The ship is equipped with “a suite of critical weapons systems and sensors designed by the West.”
8. Type 956E(M) (Sovremenny)
The Type 956 is the only active foreign-made class. The Russian-made ships are comparable in size to the US Navy’s Aegis-equipped missile cruisers, per naval technology.
According to military news sites, the Chinese navy owns four of these ships, two of which have been modified to naval standards. The first ship she was delivered to the Chinese Navy in December 1999.
The modified vessel was purchased in 2002 for over $1 billion. According to military news agency Jane’s Defense Weekly.
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