Commander David Berger said it was time for military aptitude tests to play a smaller role in the enlistment process as the corps seeks to hire fewer, better Marines.
The corps maintains an Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) that tests potential recruits with basic classroom knowledge, but adds psychological assessments to better determine who builds a good Marine Corps. Judging by, the Marines will also strengthen their exemptions to find and maintain the best Marines, allowing civilians to join the corps at a rank that suits their experience.
Recruitment challenges are amplified in a world where young Americans appear to have more choices and are less likely to choose the Marines.
“Technology is changing and the human market is changing at a rate that breaks the system, we estimate,” Berger said in a briefing at the Pentagon on Tuesday. Said.
The Marines are trying to overhaul their personnel management system to create an army that can fight China while being dispersed across smaller bases in the Pacific Ocean.
“We would have to ask the Marines earlier if they were going to win,” Berger said.
The manpower model shifts from a model based on treating many unskilled teens and young adults to a model that can identify and nurture talent from experienced private sectors.
The new recruitment tool will ideally increase the number of Marines who successfully complete their first enlistment without being separated due to disciplinary action or the simple failure of completing training.
“Every year, we separate thousands of Marines before completing our first contract … the service costs hundreds of millions of dollars a year, which has a huge impact on the corps’s overall readiness,” Berger said. It is stated in a document that outlines it. “The service also does more to assess each applicant’s career interests, talents, personal and intellectual strengths, experience, motivation, and tendency to continue service after initial enlistment. is needed.”
The corps has already collected data on the types of recruits passing through the first enlistment and will use that data to identify and specifically hire those who fit the type, the document said.
Not only will it be noisy, but data and psychological assessments can be used to better match the work of potential new recruits with the Marines.
We are currently looking for signatures on contracts that will allow you to send to a variety of jobs within your profession.
For example, few recruits register as 0311 riflemen. Usually, they sign up for an infantry job, and their particular job is determined based on the needs of the Marine Corps while attending an infantry school.
Some contracts are only vaguely relevant, such as combat support contracts that can push recruits into the military specialty of 081 artillery, or as a 1833 amphibious crew or 7212 low-altitude air defense gunner. I have no work.
The actual work you receive after completing your initial training is based on the timing of graduating from Marine Corps combat training.
The current human resources model is “an industrial model in which you and I are treated like inventories,” Berger told reporters on Tuesday. “Putting a person in a billet is the same as success, it’s not the management of talent we have to do in the future.”
Neither the commander nor the document specifically outlined what the new enlistment contract would look like, but both said the process would remove randomness from the allocation process.
“We need a new data-driven model that develops talent, contributes most to the success of the unit, finds career satisfaction, and assigns new employees to areas of expertise that can be re-enlisted,” the document states.
“In 2022, we will start experimenting with the new process.”
Tightening the exemption
The corps said it would be more stingy with exemptions related to “more than minor” criminal activity, in addition to increased pre-enlistment testing.
“Specifically, the immediate exemption for applicants previously convicted of sexual assault or sexually related crimes and offenses, domestic violence, or hate crimes is totally banned. “It’s done,” Berger said in a statement.
Marine Corps spokesman Major Jim Stenger told the Marine Corps Times Wednesday. ..
In the last decade, he said, he had 16 exemptions for convictions of misdemeanor domestic violence.
Neither the document nor Berger defined what other crimes constitute a minor crime.
“The Marines maintain the strictest exemption policy, demanding that they be exempt from the highest levels of prosecuted crimes, despite less plea and unconvicted convictions,” Stenger said. Stated.
During reductions in exemptions, psychological tests, and research of data on successful corps personnel, fewer recruits may be heading to Marine Corps recruitment bases in Parris Island, South Carolina and San Diego.
But the decline in hiring will be offset by an increase in retention, Berger said.
Currently, the corps holds only 25% of the Marines, which Berger considers unacceptable.
To fill a particular position, the corps will consider lateral entry to make joining or commissioning the corps more attractive to people in the private world with the skills they need.
“We always strive to attract young Americans to our peers, but there is no effective way to find, hire, and onboard talented Americans who already have important skills. “The document states. “We have open doors for highly talented Americans who want to join the Marine Corps, allowing them to enter laterally at a rank appropriate for their education, experience, and abilities. Should be done. “
The so-called lateral entry program allows those who are already cyber experts or who have been working on jets in the private world for years to join the Marine Corps at a higher rank that matches their skill level. To.
“We are confident that there are people who have graduated from college or high school, joined the workforce, and have acquired the skills and experience. Some of them may be needed. She is 26 or 27 years old. In this case, the only way to join the Marine Corps for her now is to be private. That’s our system, “Burger said on Tuesday.
“That’s our stupidity … she’s not going to join the Marines, she’s got a house and has been working for seven years, why does she live in the barracks for the first time as a private person?”
Lateral enlistment is also open to its predecessor Marines, who left the army at a lower rank and then continued to collect skills in the civilian world.
“Imagine a Marine who left active duty as a captain or corporal returning to our ranks as a lieutenant colonel or artillery sergeant, respectively, after working for five to seven years in the cyber or IT field, which is currently underserved. “I will.” In the Burger document.
The Marine Corps plans to set up a special office within the Marine Corps Recruitment Command, which exclusively seeks out these specially skilled civilians.
Berger said in a statement that the hiring offices are now online, modeled after the hiring offices of major tech companies.
Not all areas are open to lateral entrants, and the corps still plans that most recruits will come in traditionally and depart as private, private first-class or second lieutenants.
Anyone trying to growl roar, shoot cannons, or drive an amphibious assault vehicle should still start from below.
Some of these plans are expected to begin in 2022, but Berger said it would take years to completely review the Marine Corps recruitment process.
“Human resources don’t turn on dimes,” he said.
And while the Marines are getting louder in some respects, it’s relaxing some of the other solid entry bars.Service recently loosened it Strict tattoo restrictions Another effort to attract and retain talent.