United Nations (AP) —The United Nations says that more than 100 former members of the Afghan government, its security forces, and those working with international forces have been killed since the Taliban took over the country on August 15. I received a “trustworthy allegation”. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres says.
In a report received by the Associated Press on Sunday, Guterres said that “more than two-thirds” of the victims were out of court by the Taliban or its affiliates, even though the Taliban announced a “general amnesty.” He said he claimed to be due to the killings. Allied forces led by the former government and the United States.
Guterres said a group of Islamic State militants operating in Afghanistan also received a UN political mission in Afghanistan to “reliably allege the out-of-judicial killings of at least 50 suspected associates with ISIL-KP.” Said in a report to the United Nations Security Council.
Despite the Taliban’s guarantee, he also received credible claims that the UN’s political mission was “enforced disappearances and other violations affecting right to life and physical integrity” of former government and coalition members. He added that he was.
Human rights defenders and media workers also “continue to be exposed to attacks, intimidation, harassment, arbitrary arrests, ill-treatment and murder,” Guterres said.
Eight civil society activists were killed, including three by the Taliban and three by Islamic State militants, and ten were temporarily arrested, beaten, and threatened by the Taliban, he said. Two journalists were killed — one by IS — and two by unknown armed men.
The Secretary-General said the UN mission recorded 44 temporary arrests, beatings and intimidation threats, 42 of which were due to the Taliban.
The Taliban conquered much of Afghanistan as US and NATO troops were in the final stages of a chaotic withdrawal from the country 20 years later. They entered Kabul on August 15 without resistance from the fleeing Afghan army or the country’s president Ashraf Ghani.
The Taliban initially gave amnesty to those involved in the old government and international forces, promising tolerance and inclusiveness to women and ethnic minorities. However, the Taliban updated the restrictions on women and appointed an all-male government. And it was disappointed by the international community.
When the Taliban seized power, Afghanistan’s aid-dependent economy was already stumbling, and the international community frozen Afghanistan’s assets abroad, stopped financial support, and atrocities during its 1996-2001 rule. Recalling the Taliban’s reputation for, he refused to educate girls and work for women.
“The situation in Afghanistan remains volatile and uncertain six months after the Taliban takeover, with multiple political, socio-economic and humanitarian shocks echoing throughout the country,” Guterres said. Said.
He said Afghanistan today is facing multiple crises. The expansion of humanitarian emergencies, the massive economic contraction, the collapse of banks and the financial system, the worst drought in 27 years, and the fact that Tullivan formed an inclusive government and failed to restore the rights of girls to work with education. woman.
“It is estimated that an estimated 22.8 million people will be in” crisis “and” urgent “level food insecurity by March 2022,” said the UN chief. “Approximately 9 million of these will fall into” urgent “level food insecurity. This is the highest number in the world. Half of children under the age of 5 face acute malnutrition. “
As a positive note, Guterres reported a “significant reduction” in the total number of conflict-related security cases and civilian casualties since the Taliban hijacking. He said the United Nations recorded 985 security-related incidents between August 19 and December 31, a 91% decrease compared to the same period in 2020.
He said that 75% of all recorded incidents were in the eastern, central, southern and western regions, with Nangarhar, Kabul, Kunal and Kandahar ranked as the most affected states. Said.
Despite the reduced violence, Guterres said the Taliban faced several challenges, including increased attacks on its members.
“Partly due to the Panjshir Resistance front, which consists of Afghan opponents and people associated with the previous administration,” he said. “These groups have been active primarily in the Andalab districts of Panjshir and Baghlan, but have had no significant invasion of the territory,” but “armed conflicts have been regularly recorded and displaced and communicated. There is also a stoppage. “
Guterres pointed out that ethnic tensions within the Taliban and competition for work also caused violence, pointing to an armed clash between Taliban troops in Bamiyan on November 4.
In the report, the Secretary-General proposed priorities for the United Nations’ political mission in the current environment, urged international support to prevent widespread hunger and the country’s economic collapse, and gave Tullivan women’s rights. Encouraged to guarantee human rights.