“Must be exposed”


Johnny Glaze, Port Huron-Officer, Michigan, still smokes the day when male children point their guns at the driver, shouting “Don’t shoot dad!” In the backseat.

The driver did not turn off the engine or roll the windows, as asked by the Inspection Boundary Bureau in Port Huron, Michigan. He then refused to show his hand, but instead reached into his coat pocket and then into the glove box. So Glaze pulled the gun and pointed it at the driver’s head, fearing he might be armed.

After all, the driver was looking only for his key fob.

He was black. Glaze, an officer of the Customs and Border Protection, who is currently suing the federal government, also threatened him with racial profiling that day, terrorizing his innocent family, and dozens of people at the border for years. He claims to have insulted and humiliated black travelers. The intersection between Port Huron and Sarnia, Canada.

Johnny Lee Glaze, US Customs and Border Protection officer under the Bluewater Bridge in Port Huron, Thursday, March 18, 2021.

Johnny Lee Glaze, US Customs and Border Protection officer under the Bluewater Bridge in Port Huron, Thursday, March 18, 2021.

In a new proceeding filed in the U.S. District Court, three black CBP officials sued the Department of Homeland Security, and CBP routinely targeted and harassed black travelers at the Blue Water Bridge between Port Huron and Sarnia. Claims to be doing. Of the 275 CBP employees working there, four are black.

The proceedings in Michigan are unconfirmed that immigrants and civil rights defenders are rampant in racial profiling at CBP, the agency they say has been immersed in institutional racism for decades. It emphasizes what is being described as a problem. Similar racial profiling proceedings have been filed in Montana, Virginia, Texas, Washington, Ohio, and Maine for years, but CBP routinely denies liability and avoids the consequences.

Nationally, blacks make up less than 6% of the total CBP workforce of 21,185 people. Over 62% of employees are Caucasian. The other 25% are Hispanic.

CBP was unable to provide data on the number of minority and white travelers handed over for secondary inspections at border crossings, or the number of detainees.

But, March 25 ReportThe American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) in Michigan has released findings from thousands of documents on the Border Guard arrest CBP released last year after a five-year court battle.

Data, including records of more than 13,000 stops over nine years, revealed that more than 95% of people arrested by the Michigan Border Guard are of color.

“These are issues we’ve seen many times. They didn’t affect the culture of racism, the culture of brotherhood that protects other officers at all costs,” Katie of the American Immigration Council said. Martha and the co-author of the report said the title released in February: “The Legacy of Racism within the US Border Guard.”

“Unfortunately, many of these cases we see are consistent throughout history,” Marza said.

Glaze wants to change that.

42-year-old Glaze, married to three children, has been working at CBP for nearly 13 years. He not only witnessed racial profiling, but also said he was ordered to participate in it. And when he and his co-plaintiffs complained about discrimination in the workplace, the proceedings state that they were either ignored, harassed, or retaliated. Glaze has been working at his desk since he filed a discrimination complaint almost a year ago.

“We need some accountability about what’s going on, and we need to clarify that,” Glaze said in a recent interview with Detroit Free Press, which is part of the USA TODAY network. It was. He argued that racial profiling at the Port Huron-Canada border was “everyday.”

“These things are happening. Minorities and blacks are being scrutinized at the border,” Grays said. “The main purpose of this proceeding is to reveal it and change it.”

CBP spokesman Kristoffer Grogan declined to comment in a 2018 interview because of a government agency’s policy of not commenting on the proceedings in dispute. I refused racial profiling by the agency.

International Maritime Signal Plaza near the Blue Water Bridge in Port Huron on Thursday, March 18, 2021.

International Maritime Signal Plaza near the Blue Water Bridge in Port Huron on Thursday, March 18, 2021.

Grogan at the time partially quoted CBP’s indiscriminate policy. This explains what “exceptional situation” races the federal police can consider.

“CBP officials may use race or ethnicity if there is a strong interest in the government and its use is narrowly tailored to that interest,” the policy states. National security is one compelling interest under this policy. Racial or ethnic information specific to a particular suspect, incident, or ongoing criminal activity may also be considered by CBP.

However, this policy is inconsistent with what Glaze and others say they have witnessed at border crossings and checkpoints across the country.

“‘Stop the black guy’ … I was told to do so,” Glaze said, emphasizing that he usually “shuts down” those requests and asks for clarification.

He said that was what he did on the day he was ordered to pull the black driver he was groping for his key fob.

But he never got an honest answer.

“I had to make a decision.”

It was in March 2020 that Glaze acquired radio transmissions to pull the white GM Suburban on Maryland plates and colored windows. He said police were suspicious when he found the SUV leaving the hotel in Port Huron and heading for the bridge.

Glaze did exactly what he was commanded to do, and soon learned that the traveler was black.

Johnny Lee Glaze, US Customs and Border Protection officer near Bluewater Bridge in Port Huron, Thursday, March 18, 2021.

Johnny Lee Glaze, US Customs and Border Protection officer near Bluewater Bridge in Port Huron, Thursday, March 18, 2021.

When the SUV was pulled up at the inspection station, Glaze asked the driver to stop the engine, but the man didn’t obey, he said. Then he asked him to roll his window. Again, there is no response. Then he asked him to show his hand.

At that time, the man reached for his coat pocket, thrust the glove box with a rifle, and finally rolled down the window. But by that time Glaze had pulled his gun and reached out to the car, yelling, “What are you doing?”

“I wanted to see if he actually had a gun,” Glaze recalled. “I had a gun about 12 inches from his face. I had to make a decision.”

And he had to stay calm. There was a family to consider.

“His two kids in the backseat were hysterical, crying and screaming.’Don’t shoot your dad!'” Said Glaze.

Still he was calm and long enough for the driver to explain himself.

“He said,’I was looking for a key. It has a fob. It’s a rental car,'” said Glaze, who was just nervous because he didn’t know if he needed a fob to lower the window. Said. ..

The incident upset him. The family, as he would learn, was a US citizen heading to New York to visit the family and cut through Canada.

“I confronted management about it. I was fine,” Glaze recalled. “I said,’Hey, if I weren’t there, you might have been in a completely different situation.'”

Mr Glaze said he pressured his boss to explain why he had to stop the car. The only reaction he got was “they said it looked good,” he recalled. “When I asked what that meant, I wasn’t given any further information.”

Shortly after the incident, Glaze filed a racist complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in the United States and granted the proceedings on January 12. Two months later, Glaze and his colleagues, CBP executives Michal Williams and Germain Broderick Sr., filed their proceedings.

“I was very sick of the family, especially the children,” Grays said. “I couldn’t think of anything worse.”

“This is also our country.”

A month before the Keyfob incident, Glaze witnessed CBP police pulling a group of 17 black men returning from Toronto to the United States with two latest model SUVs. He said they were all US citizens and had a valid passport, but a secondary examination was required.

Glaze was the first chief officer to contact the group at the inspection station.

“They were upset,” he said, saying he had no idea why they were being scrutinized.

Mr. Grays said he explained to the group that secondary inspections are usually done when police cannot confirm the traveler’s information, are suspicious of missing documents, or if the photo does not match the person in the car. Pulling the driver helps the inspector carry out more investigations to verify the information without delaying other passengers.

“They were fully compliant,” Glaze said. “They care about their business, and the next thing that happens is that additional executives come out and see them, and I’ve seen them happen hundreds of times — executive faces. The attitude has changed.

“Nothing was said, his face just turned into hatred, a look I often saw in Georgia when I lived there during my instructor time at the academy.”

Mr Glaze said the situation was tense in the waiting room. He felt that 17 men were racially profiled. They did too — if their words were any sign.

“They got up and went away,” Glaze recalled. “And on their way out, they said,” Hey, this is also our country. We want to be treated like humans. ” They stood up and left because we had no reason to legally keep them there. “

According to Glaze, one in 17 travelers seemed to have problems with his documents. Still, no one in CBP followed the group after they left on their own, he said.

“They were all American citizens, Return To the United States. “

After the incident, Glaze went to his boss and asked police officers who interacted with the group to be disciplined, calling their actions rude and insulting. “Racial profiling was not in line with the Homeland Security values ​​that oversee his institution,” he said. According to the proceedings, no one has been disciplined.

Deborah Gordon, a lawyer representing three police officers, said the proceedings were hostile to clients by monitoring black drivers being abused and protecting their rights at the border. He said it was about being forced to work in the environment.

“Unlike the employment case of going to the HR department, as a border traveler, you have no voice,” Gordon said.

Traffic passes through the Ambassador Bridge.

Traffic passes through the Ambassador Bridge.

This January 2019 photo, released by ACLU in Montana, shows Martha

Published by ACLU, Montana, this January 2019 photo shows Martha “Mimi” Hernandez and Anasuda in Havre, Montana. Here, border patrol agents detained them to speak Spanish at a convenience store. They filed a proceeding in November and settled.

Follow Tresa Baldas on Twitter: @Tbaldas.

This article was originally published in Detroit Free Press: CBP Officer Litigation: Racial Profiling of Issues at US-Canada Border

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