Yangon, Myanmar (AP) —Myanmar protesters on Thursday seize power by publicly showing that the military will once again face the threat of deadly violence and oppose the fall of a democratically elected government. It’s been two months since then.
The February 1 coup faced massive public resistance that security forces could not be crushed by rising levels of violence, including now routinely shooting protesters. External efforts, including sanctions imposed by Western nations on the military regime, could not help restore peace.
In Yangon, the country’s largest city, a group of young people sang a solemn song celebrating more than 500 protesters killed so far shortly after sunrise on Thursday. They then marched through the streets, chanting the slogans of the collapse of the military junta, the release of the testified leader Aung San Suu Kyi, and the resurgence of democracy.
Protests also took place in Mandalay and elsewhere.
Demonstrations followed a night of violence, including police raids and several fires. In Yangon, several retailers, wholly or partially owned by the military investment arm Myanmar Economic Holdings Limited, have burned. Shops are the target of boycotts by protests.
The crisis in Southeast Asian countries has expanded exponentially in the past week, both due to the number of protesters killed and the military airstrikes on the guerrilla forces of their hometown Karen minority on the Thai border. The UN special envoy to Myanmar warned that Myanmar is facing the possibility of a civil war.
This is a complete reversal for Myanmar, which has been slowly evolving towards greater democracy after decades of brutal military junta before the coup.
More than 12 civilians have been killed and more than 20,000 have been evacuated in the Karen-controlled area since Saturday, according to Freeville Marangers, a relief agency operating in the area.
In addition to these deaths, local media and NGO workers are in contact with residents near the site that Tuesday’s airstrikes at a gold mine in the Calengerilla area killed an additional 11 people. Said.
Saw Kholo Htoo, deputy director of the Karen Teacher Working Group, said residents were killed five in the mine and another six in a nearby village. The Bago Weekly Journal also reported the attack.
David Eubank of Free Burma Rangers confirmed that a video of the aftermath of the attack showed a gold mine and that there were airstrikes in the area.
Recently, about 3,000 Karen villagers have fled for safety in neighboring Thailand, but many have returned in uncertain circumstances. Thai officials said displaced persons voluntarily returned to Myanmar after a short stay, but humanitarian groups said they were unsafe and often hidden in jungles and caves on the Myanmar side of the border.
UN Special Envoy for Myanmar, Christine Schlaner Bergener, warned on Wednesday that the country is facing a potential civil war and gave the UN Security Council “potentially significant action” to restore democracy. Requested to consider.
Burgener did not identify any actions she considered important, but painted a disastrous picture of the military crackdown and, in a private briefing, commented that Myanmar was “at risk of a spiral to a failed state.” I told the meeting. The briefing virtual presentation was obtained by the Associated Press.
UN resolutions on concrete actions, such as a comprehensive ban on the sale of arms to Myanmar, were almost certainly rejected by China or Russia, a political ally of military junta and a major supplier of arms to the military. I will.
Within Myanmar, an opposition group of parliamentarians exiled on Wednesday declared the new constitution invalid in 2008 and submitted a tentative replacement charter in another challenge to the ruling party.
This move, though more symbolic than practical, could help armed national militias to form alliances with large-scale city and town-based protests.
The 2008 Constitution, enforced under military rule, aimed at democracy, including securing enough seats in parliament to prevent changes in the charter and retaining the responsibilities of several major government ministries. Guaranteeed that the military would maintain its control during the country’s decades of progress.
Military junta cites the urgent provisions of the Charter as a continuation of the constitutional legitimacy of February 1.
One of the purposes of the interim constitution advocated by exiled lawmakers is to meet the long-standing demands of countless ethnic minority groups for greater autonomy in the region. In seeking an alliance with ethnic minority armed groups, lawmakers want them to form federal troops as a counter-measure to government troops.
Over a dozen ethnic minority groups have sought greater autonomy from the central government, sometimes through armed struggles. Even in times of peace, relationships are tense and ceasefires are vulnerable.
Several major groups, including the Kachin, Karen, and Rakhine Arakan troops in western Myanmar, have publicly condemned the coup and said they would defend protesters in their territory.