Mysterious Nazca Lines in Peru


Geoglyph of Nazca.

Geoglyph of Nazca. illustration | Reuters

They’ve been around for thousands of years, but little is known about Peru’s mysterious Nazca Lines, which scientists recently discovered. 100 new designsHere’s what researchers know so far:

What is the Nazca Geoglyph?

Nazca Lines It is a huge geoglyph in the Peruvian desert southeast of Lima. A huge white strip with a drawing or geometric design, the lines of which were once carved into the earth. Rio Grande de Nazca River basins are some of the driest places on earth. The lack of rainfall and low winds in the area allowed the hieroglyphs to maintain their shape over the years.

The etching is believed to have been created by the Nazca people who lived between 1 AD and 700 AD. national geographicIn addition to carvings depicting animals, some drawings also depict humanoid or hybrid figures and potential scenes from everyday life. For example, an etching found in 2011 appears to show a decapitation, which is consistent with the belief that the Nazca people collected “trophy heads.” history.

The Nazca Geoglyphs and the surrounding area world Heritage by the United Nations. The best way to view the line is from a helicopter or plane.In fact many people I didn’t even know there was a route that was over 2000 years old. Until the invention of flight.

Why was the line created?

The meaning of the line has long been studied and debated.

After observing them both from the ground and from the air, the American historian Paul Cossock We hypothesized that the glyphs were created for astronomical purposes in the 1930s and 40s. German archaeologist Maria Reich made a similar suggestion soon after, noting that the lines may have also served as calendars.

Reiche and Kosok’s theory was the accepted theory for a long time until a surge of research in the 1960s and 70s brought new ideas. Johann Reinhardt, national geographic Explorer in Residence, After examining the areas surrounding the lines, he concluded that most of them “did not point to anything on the geographic or celestial horizon,” he wrote in his book. The Nazca Lines: A New Perspective on Their Origin and MeaningRather, the line “leads to a place where rituals were performed to obtain water and crop fertility”. historical symbol of rain, water, and fertility history.

“There is no single assessment that proves a theory about lines, but the combination of archeology, ethnography, and anthropology builds a solid case,” Reinhardt continued. Nazca Lines.

What other theories?

As new research on the line emerged, so did exotic theories about its origin. This includes those that claim they were actually created by aliens.

Erich von DanikenAn amateur archaeologist from Switzerland once claimed that trapezoidal paintings and some of the humanoid paintings represent alien landing sites and aliens. His theory was later debunked as a conspiracy.

However, the belief nevertheless became prominent, largely due to the suspicion that humans could create such large glyphs. The fact that the line had to be viewed from above only added fuel to the fire. However, some have denounced this claim as prejudice, as archaeologists suggest that the Nazca people were actually quite a race. technologically advanced.

Still, no one knows for sure the exact purpose of the line. The understanding we have will certainly change over time. Reinhardt concluded in his book.

Has your line ever been threatened?

Saving proved to be difficult at times. In 2009, around the line faced record rainfall, leading to clay deposits in one of the most famous glyphs. In 2014, the organization Greenpeace The area around one of the lines was intentionally destroyed to promote renewable energy. and more recently, Economic development In Peru, it threatens land protection.

What have scientists recently discovered?

the scientist just discovered Over 100 new lines after analyzing new field research and drone footage. The research was conducted by archaeologists from Yamagata University in Japan. The newly discovered lines are smaller than others and can actually be seen on the ground. Reuters report.

Interested in seeing all this up close? Tourists can take an aerial tour of the Nazca Lines and see the mysterious etchings for themselves.

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