Nasa’s Patience Rover instrument on Mars produced oxygen from the planet’s carbon dioxide atmosphere.
This is the second most successful tech demonstration on a mission that flew a mini helicopter on Monday.
Oxygen production was performed by a toaster-sized unit in the rover. Moxy -In-situ resource utilization experiment of oxygen on Mars.
It produced 5 grams of gas-equivalent to what an astronaut on Mars would need to breathe for approximately 10 minutes.
Nasa’s idea is that future human missions will bring a scaled-up version of Moxy to the Red Planet with them, rather than trying to bring all the oxygen needed to maintain them from Earth. It means that it will carry.
Oxygen (O2) is also an integral part of the chemistry that propels the rocket. Thrust is achieved by burning the fuel in the presence of an oxidizer, which may be simple oxygen.
The atmosphere of Mars is dominated by 96% concentration of carbon dioxide (CO₂). Oxygen is only 0.13% compared to 21% in the Earth’s atmosphere.
Moxie can remove oxygen atoms from CO2 molecules, which are composed of one carbon atom and two oxygen atoms. The waste is carbon monoxide, which is released into the atmosphere of Mars.
The Nasa team behind Moxie is running the unit in different modes and discovering how well the unit is working.
It is expected to produce up to 10 grams of O2 per hour.
“Moxie is not only the first device to generate oxygen in another world, but it also uses other world’s environmental elements, also known as in-situ resource utilization, to make future missions” from land. ” This is the first technique of this kind that helps to “live apart.” “Toldi Cortez, director of technology demonstrations within Nasa’s Space Technology Mission, said.
“Take the regolith, a substance found on the ground, and pass it through a processing plant to make it larger, or take in most of the atmosphere, carbon dioxide, and convert it to oxygen. This process allows you to: It will be possible to convert these abundant materials into usable ones: propellant, breathable air, or water in combination with hydrogen. “
Nasa tries to fly the ingenuity helicopter again on Thursday.
The mini chopper made history this week by performing the first powered and controlled flight by aircraft in another world.
In the second sortie, the drone will rise to 5m above the ground, move 2m to the side, turn and take a photo, then return to the takeoff point and land.