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New York Times

Afghan waves surrendering to the Taliban speed up

Mitarlam, Afghanistan — Ammunition depleted in a desolate former post base in Laghman. There was a shortage of food. Some police officers did not pay their salaries for five months. Then, just as the U.S. military began to leave the country in early May, Taliban fighters surrounded seven rural Afghan military bases in eastern Afghanistan’s wheat and onion fields. Rebels sent village elders to a former postpost base and sent the message, “Surrender or die.” By mid-May, security forces had long-term negotiations, according to village elders. At the end of the day, all seven previous postpost bases were surrendered. At least 120 soldiers and police were given safe transfers to government-run regional centers instead of handing over weapons and equipment. Nabi Sarwar Khadim, 53, one of the few elders who negotiated surrender, said, “We told them,’Look, your situation is bad. No reinforcements are coming. According to village elders and government officials, since May 1, at least 26 former postpost bases and bases in the four states of Ragman, Baghlan, Wardak, and Ghazni alone have undergone such negotiations. Demoralized as U.S. troops left, Tullivan was captured each time he surrendered as a Propaganda victory, and in the countryside of Afghanistan each collapse feeds the next. Some of the negotiated surrenders are local. There are four district centers that house the governor, police, and top intelligence agencies, effectively handing over government facilities under Tullivan’s control and, at least temporarily, disperse officials there. Tullivan has in the past in Afghanistan. We have negotiated the surrender of the army, but this month in four states east, north and west of Baghlan, the scale and pace of base collapse is by no means. This tactic has brought hundreds of government troops off the battlefield. Withdrew, secured strategic territory, and mowed weapons, ammunition, and vehicles for the Baghlan. Often do not fire. Base collapse is rapid as previous warpost bases collapse one after another. Surrender is part of Tullivan’s broader strategy to seize and retain territory as the morale of security forces plummets due to the withdrawal of international forces. Acquisition of local police and militia. Local wardak that allows Baghlan to consolidate interests. Sustainable military attack despite plea for peace talks and national wardak. “Government forces security forces. It cannot be saved, “said Mohammed Jalal, the elder of the village in Baghlan. “If you fight, you will be killed, so you have to surrender.” Surrender is the task of the Taliban invitation and leadership to intervene after armed groups block the road and supply supplies to the besieged former postpost base. Commission leaders and Taliban military leaders call the base commander, and sometimes their families, and offer to save the lives of soldiers if they abandon their former post bases, weapons, and ammunition. In some cases, the commission handed the surrendered army money (usually about $ 130) and civilian clothing and returned home unharmed. But they first record a video of a man who promises not to rejoin security forces. They record their phone number and family name and vow to kill the man if they return to the army. “The Taliban commander and invitation and leadership called me more than 10 times and asked me to surrender,” said Major Imam Shah Zafari, 34, Wardak Regional Police Chief. Said. Negotiations mediated by a local elder. After the Taliban offered to drive home to Kabul, he was called by a member of a committee and guaranteed that the government would not imprison him if he was imprisoned. We can free you because we have so much power in the government, “said Zafari. The Taliban’s commission takes advantage of the crucial features of the Afghan war. Combatants and commanders regularly swap sides, close deals, negotiate surrender, and train village elders to influence locals. Today’s conflicts are dozens of regional conflicts. These are intimate struggles, where brothers and cousins ​​fight each other, and commanders on each side threaten and negotiate on their mobile phones. “The Taliban commander always calls me and surrenders in an attempt to destroy my morale,” said Wahydra Jindani, 36, a bearded tanned police commander. The former postpost base in Laghman. The negotiated surrender is part of a widespread attack on the Taliban’s siege of at least five provincial capitals this spring, according to the Pentagon Inspector General’s report released on May 18. Dominated several major highways to block bases and garrison, leaving them vulnerable. Surrender has serious psychological consequences. “They call the Taliban powerful enough to beat the United States and easily occupy Laghman, so keep this in mind before we kill you,” he said. Rahmatullah Yarmal, 29-year-old governor of Laghman, interviews on his barricade grounds in the state capital, Mephthalam. The governor admitted that this was an effective propaganda tactic. It is so effective that some former post base commanders are now refusing to talk to seniors and Taliban negotiators. He said many elders were not neutral peacebuilders, but selected Taliban supporters. According to Yamal, 60 police officers who surrendered and evacuated to his government center are ready to fight to regain the seven lost former postpost bases. “I think we can get them back within a month,” he said. However, just hours after the Governor’s speech on May 19, the nearby district center, Daulat Shah, surrendered without resistance as a result of negotiations. By the next morning, five more former postpost bases had surrendered in the Arising district of Laghman as well, district officials said. These Taliban victories were facilitated by a 30-day ceasefire negotiated by elders in the highly controversial Allingal district on May 17. Only 2 days before out base. (On May 21, the Taliban violated the ceasefire in a new attack on Allingal, Hadim said.) A series of base collapses represented the second major surrender in two weeks in the Laghman district. .. On May 7, three former postpost bases and one military base collapsed without fighting in the same way, said Nacil Ahmad Himato, Governor of the Allingal District. “Soldiers simply dropped their weapons, got into their cars, and went to district centers and state capitals,” said village elder Fakirla. When Taliban fighters marched into the state’s capital on Sunday, Yamal announced that 110 members of security forces who had surrendered and several commanders who were supposed to oversee them were detained for negligence. did. Also on Sunday, Afghan troops announced that troop reinforcements and the White House Chief of Staff had rushed to Ragman to repel the Taliban attack. In Ghazni, state legislator Hasan Reza Yusophie said she had asked authorities to send reinforcements to the former postpost and military bases that finally fell to the Taliban this month. He played a recorded phone call from police officer Abdul Ahmad. He was out of ammunition and his men were drinking rainwater because the water tower at the base was destroyed by a rocket. “We sold out. We called for reinforcements, but the authorities did not help.” Tullivan sent us the elders of the tribe. They said,’Surrender, You’re sold out, no one will help you. “” Yousophie said he didn’t know if Ahmad survived the fall of the former post base. The negotiations proved to be very fruitful for Baghlan, where at least 100 soldiers surrendered, and for the Taliban, Wardak, where about 130 security forces surrendered after the negotiations, officials said. In Laghman, negotiations leading to the surrender of seven former postpost bases lasted more than 10 days. Village elder Kadim said different elders had negotiated with the commanders of each former post base. “We guaranteed they wouldn’t be killed,” he said. “Nothing is written, just our words.” A few miles away, Jindani refused to surrender the lonely front post base near the front line. He said officers who negotiated surrender at three nearby former post bases betrayed the country. One of his men, Muhammad Aga Banbard, said he would fight to take revenge on the deaths of his two brothers, who he said were killed by the Taliban. He would never surrender, he said. Zindani’s nine men had a machine gun, a rocket-propelled grenade launcher, and an AK-47 rifle, each on a blood-stained wall. I was in a postpost base before a break. However, he told the Taliban commander, who had called regularly to demand his surrender, that he would continue to fight. “I told him,’I’m a soldier in my country,'” said the commander. “I’m not here to surrender,” said a member of the state council on Sunday four days later, when the former postpost base was overover over in a shootout with the Taliban. A policeman was shot dead and Jindani and his helpless men were taken prisoner. A few hours later, the Taliban released a video showing Banbard lying on a mattress with bandages on his face and neck, and the Taliban commander crossing Banbard. The commander asked in a mock mock laughing tone why Banbard posted on his Facebook page that he wouldn’t let the enemy occupy the previous post that base while he was alive. The injured police officer replied, “This is Afghanistan.” This article was originally published in The New York Times. © 2021 The New York Times Company

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