The European Union announced Wednesday that Iran will resume nuclear negotiations with other world leaders in Vienna on November 29 to revive its 2015 agreement on nuclear activity.
The EU said representatives from Iran, China, France, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom would attend the meeting of the Committee of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
“Participants will continue to discuss the prospect of the United States being returned to JCPOA and how all sides will implement the agreement fully and effectively,” the EU said. statement..
Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal, also known as JCPOA, requires Iran to limit its nuclear program in exchange for lifting economic sanctions from the United States, the EU, and the United Nations.
Iran’s premier nuclear negotiator, Ali Bergery Kani, called sanctions on the country and its leadership “illegal and inhumane” in a Twitter post on Wednesday.
The contract is Promotion By President Barack Obama in 2015 as the “best option” to prevent Iran from using nuclear weapons, even temporarily.
However, the Iranian administration seemed to be heading in the opposite direction. In 2017, it announced a 150% increase in its military budget for developing long-range missiles, armed drones, and cyberwarfare capabilities. It has also begun to spend some of its $ 150 billion in foreign assets that were previously frozen by sanctions.
In May 2018, President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the nuclear deal and imposed sanctions on Iran to change a number of activities that the Trump administration said were unacceptable to a state-controlled Islamic administration. ..
“We will enact the highest levels of sanctions,” Trump said at the time. “America will not be held hostage by nuclear blackmail.”
The Trump administration demanded that the Iranian administration stop not only nuclear technology development, but also ballistic missile programs, support for local terrorists and militias, and other precarious activities.
The United States recognizes Iran as a national supporter of terrorism and has long criticized Iran for funding Muslim terrorist groups such as Hamas, Hezbollah, and the Houthi.
In 2019, the Iranian administration publicly stated that it violated the uranium enrichment restrictions set by the agreement.
Iran and the six great powers began discussing how to revive the nuclear deal in April.
So far, six consultations have been held. They are indirect, mainly because European diplomats travel between US and Iranian officials, as Iran refuses direct contact with the United States.
Negotiations have been put on hold since Iran’s hardline president Ebrahim Raisi was elected in June. He is expected to take a strict approach when resuming talks in Vienna.
US State Department spokesman Ned Price said the United States hopes Tehran will return in good faith and be ready for negotiations.
“By resolving a relatively small number of issues that remained unresolved at the end of June, we can continue to quickly reach and deepen our understanding of mutual reinstatement of JCPOA compliance,” he told reporters. I believe that. ” If the Iranians are serious, they can do it in a relatively short order. (But) … The window of opportunity will not open forever, especially if Iran continues to take provocative nuclear measures. “
Earlier Wednesday, the secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council suggested that negotiations to revive JCPOA would fail unless President Joe Biden could guarantee that the United States would not abandon the agreement again.
On October 30, Biden and European leaders criticized Iran for what the Iranian administration called “accelerated” and “provocative nuclear measures” as Iran continued to enrich uranium. ..
Ella Kietlinska, Reuters and The Associated Press contributed to this report.