Nigeria Security Crisis-5 Different Threats


Supporters of the Northern Group Coalition (CNG) December 17, 2020, a rally in northwestern Katsina, Nigeria, calling on authorities to rescue hundreds of abducted schoolboys-

Supporters of the Northern Group Coalition (CNG) gathered on December 17, 2020 in northwestern Katsina, Nigeria, to ask authorities to rescue hundreds of abducted boys.

Nigeria faces an unprecedented wave of security crises that vary but overlap, from kidnapping to extremist rebellion. Almost every part of the country is hit by violence and crime.

Eau de Bramabkarti, senior analyst at Sahel Security at the Tony Blair Institute, says the scale of anxiety threatens the very structure of Nigerian society. is decreasing. “

When President Muhammadu Buhari was elected in 2015, he promised to protect his citizens from terrorists and criminals. But his final term is less than two years left, and the country is less stable than it was decades ago.

Some have linked the recent rise in anxiety to tremendous poverty across the country. The youth unemployment rate is currently 32.5% and the country is in the midst of the worst recession of 27 years.

The five largest security threats in Nigeria are:

Jihadism

Map showing the areas most damaged by the Boko Haram attack

Map showing the areas most damaged by the Boko Haram attack

President Bukhari has now failed to stop the rebellion that began in the northeast, despite claiming that Islamic extremist group Boko Haram was “technically” defeated in his first year in office. I admit that.

In fact, Boko Haram has expanded into new territories, taking advantage of Nigeria’s poverty and other security challenges to fuel extremist ideology. By the end of 2020, the group had killed nearly 350,000 people and expelled millions from their homes, according to the United Nations.

Boko Haram launches a deadly assault, sometimes raising a flag and imposing extremist rule on the locals. It imposes taxes on farms and the sale of produce. The once booming international fish market in the Chad Basin is now fully controlled by the group.

The mourners were killed by Boko Haram fighters in a rice field near the village of Koshebe on November 28, 2020, and then 43 farm workers in Zabalmari, about 20 km from Maiduguri, Nigeria, on November 29, 2020. Attend the funeral of the person.

Dozens of farm workers were slaughtered by Boko Haram last year

The challenge is further exacerbated by the uncontrolled space of Nigeria, an area that is largely neglected in remote areas where groups can afflict rural communities without fear of retaliation.

In recent years, the debris faction allied with the Islamic State group called West Africa has outperformed Boko Haram in size and capacity. It is currently ranked as one of IS’s most active affiliates in the region.

Both groups have so far resisted government military operations.

Clash between nomads and farmers

In Nigeria, there has been fierce controversy over the years between nomadic animal breeders and farmers.

However, as herders move further south in search of pasture, disagreements over land and water use and grazing routes are exacerbated by climate change and the spread of the Sahara Desert. Thousands were killed in clashes over limited resources.

Map showing areas affected by the conflict between farmers and nomads

Map showing areas affected by the conflict between farmers and nomads

Benue, in the heart of the country, has recorded the most deadly attacks. Recently, seven people were killed when gunmen fired in the camp for those who fled the conflict. Some have accused nomads of kidnapping people and demanding a ransom.

Internally displaced persons peasant Mohammed Akdiff speaks with people on July 21, 2019, in an informal settlement in Madinatu, Old Meidagri.

Mohammed Akdiff is one of the many farmers who fled their homes

Due to tensions, some governors banned grazing on vast lands, creating friction with the central government.

In 2019, federal officials launched a 10-year national livestock transformation program to curb cattle migration and increase livestock production in an attempt to stop the conflict. But critics say delays, in addition to political leadership, lack of expertise and funding, are driving the project crazy.

Bandits and kidnapping

One of the most frightening threats to Nigerian families is the frequent abduction of children from classrooms and boarding houses.

Since December 2020, more than 1,000 students have been kidnapped from school, many released after being paid thousands of dollars in ransom.

In Nigeria, some kidnappers are commonly referred to as “thieves.” These criminals attack the village, kidnap civilians and burn their homes.

Map showing the areas most affected by bandits and kidnappings

Map showing the areas most affected by bandits and kidnappings

Bandit attacks have forced thousands of people to be displaced and evacuated to other parts of the country.

The northwest is the epicenter of these attacks. In Zamfara alone, more than 3,000 people have been killed since 2012 and the attacks continue. After being abducted at schools in Zamfara and Niger, hundreds of schools were closed and children up to the age of three were confiscated.

With all the signs, Nigeria’s lucrative kidnapping industry is thriving, expanding into previously safe areas and appearing to be beyond the control of the armed forces. It poses a real threat to trade and education, as well as the country’s agricultural community.

Details of the Nigerian Kidnapping Crisis:

Separatist Rebellion

A separatist group called the Indigenous Peoples of Biafra (Ipob) is in conflict with Nigerian security agencies. Ipob wants a group of southeastern states, mainly composed of people from the Ivo ethnic group, to leave and form an independent state of Biafra.

Ipob member with a clenched fist

President Buhari vowed to crush Ipob

The group was founded in 2014 by Nnamdi Kanu, who was recently arrested and will be tried for terrorism and treason. His arrest had a great impact on the movement.

The idea of ​​Biafra is not new. In 1967, regional leaders declared an independent state, which resulted in a brutal civil war and the deaths of up to one million people.

Proponents of the Nnamdi Aziki movement have been accused of launching deadly attacks on the homes of government agencies, prisons, politicians and community leaders.

President Buhari vowed to crush Ipob. He tweeted last month that “today’s cheating” would be treated in “a language they understand.”

After Mr. Buhari faced a backlash online, the post was deleted by Twitter for violating the rule. The incident led to the suspension of Twitter in Nigeria.

Oil radicals

The Niger Delta Liberation Movement (MEND) fighters will depart for an operation against the Nigerian Army in the Nigerian Delta on September 17, 2008.

Armed militants launched numerous attacks on oil facilities in the early 2000s.

In southern oil production, security challenges are nothing new.

It is Nigeria’s largest foreign export earner, and the Niger Delta militants have long been upset in search of a larger share of profits. They claim that most of the oil comes from their area, and the environmental damage caused by its extraction has devastated the community and made it impossible for them to fish and farm.

For years, militants have kidnapped oil workers and put pressure on the government by launching attacks on oil infrastructure such as security guards and pipelines.

To address this, former President Umaru Musa Yaradoa launched the President’s Memory Loss Program in 2009, officially ending the Niger Delta militants.

However, armed cult groups still raise security challenges in the region, and industry officials have warned that militants are picking up again.

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