Nobel Prize in Chemistry Awards to Two Scientists for Building Molecular Construction Tools


The 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to two professors on Wednesday for supporting pharmaceutical research and developing new tools for building more environmentally friendly molecules.

“Molecular construction is a difficult art,” said the Nobel Conference at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. statement Announce the winner.

“Benjamin List and David MacMillan won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2021 for the development of organocatalysts, an accurate new tool for molecular construction,” Congress said. “This has had a huge impact on pharmaceutical research and has made chemistry more environmentally friendly.”

Liszt, a 53-year-old German professor who is the director of the Max Planck Society, and Scottish-born McMillan, who is also a 53-year-old professor but works at Princeton University in the United States, discovered independently. The technology they discovered is called “asymmetric organic catalysis”.

The study of this pair has improved the ability of chemists to promote catalysis. This is a slow chemical reaction that can occur when two different molecules, one of which is a mirror image of the other, are formed. Prior to asymmetric catalysis, artificial catalysts often contained not only the molecule of interest, but also its unwanted mirror image.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry describes “organocatalysis” as a “new and original tool” for molecular construction. This technology has also helped in the development of plastics, perfumes and flavors.

Johann Akvist, chairman of the committee, said:

A catalyst is a molecule that maintains a stable state while enabling and accelerating chemical reactions that take place in laboratories and large industrial reactors. Before the awardees made a breakthrough discovery at the turn of the millennium, it was known that only certain metals and complex enzymes would do the trick.

Epoch Times Photo
This dateless photo from Princeton University shows David WC MacMillan, one of the two scientists who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry on October 6, 2021. (Sameer A. Khan via Princeton University / AP)
Epoch Times Photo
This dateless photo, provided by the German Max Planck Society on October 6, 2021, shows the German scientist Benjamin List. (Frank Winken, Max Planck-Society via AP)

“Many research fields and industries rely on the ability of chemists to build molecules that can form elastic and durable materials, store energy in batteries, and slow the progression of disease. “The parliament said.

“Organocatalysis has evolved at an alarming rate since 2000,” he added. “Using these reactions, researchers are now able to more efficiently build everything from new medicines to molecules that can capture light in solar cells. Thus, organocatalysts are humankind. Is bringing the greatest benefit to. “

The prestigious Nobel Prize includes a gold medal and a prize of SEK 10 million (over $ 1.14 million). This money comes from a bequest left by Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, the creator of the award, which died in 1895.

The Chemistry Award is the third Nobel Prize of the Year and follows the Medical and Physics Awards.

Reuters contributed to this report.

from NTD News

Lorenz Duchamps

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