North Korean cruise missiles likely to be supported by China and Iran: experts

North Korea Presentation On September 13, a “successful” test of a new cruise missile raised serious questions among military experts. One commented in The Epoch Times that China and Iran are likely to have helped develop and manufacture missiles.

“China supports North Korea’s ballistic missiles and has a production base for advanced long-range land-attack cruise missiles (LACMs), so it is very likely that China has enabled North Korea’s new long-range LACMs. It’s expensive, “written senior fellow Richard Fisher. Emailed on September 13th at the Center for International Evaluation Strategy (IASC).

“It is quite possible that Iran provided Pyongyang with LACM technology,” Fisher wrote. Pyongyang is the capital of North Korea.

Two days after the LACM test, North Korea tested two ballistic missiles. This violates several UN Security Council resolutions. On the same day, on September 15, South Korea tested its first submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM). Ballistic missiles usually raise more concerns in the United States because they can reach the Americas without additional forward deployment to ships and submarines. However, due to the regional importance of LACM and the possible involvement of China or Iran in its spread to North Korea, close investigation is required.

“From 1999 to 2001, according to former Ukrainian lawmaker Hrihory Omelchenko, Ukraine exported six Russian KH-55 LACMs to China and six KH-55s to Iran. Iran’s Soumar LACM was KH. It’s very similar to the -55, “Fisher wrote in an email.

A UN spokesman for Iran did not immediately respond to the request for comment.

Sales occurred between 1999 and 2001. according to Reported to the Associated Press from 2005 to Omerchenko. He later stated that the KH-55 was nuclear-ready and was originally designed for the Russian Tuparev long-range bomber. The KH-55 has a range of 1,864 miles, can carry a 200 kiloton nuclear warhead, and is launched in the air.

North Korea’s LACM test on September 13 reached 932 miles, which, according to North Korean national media, would threaten Japan and Taiwan, but the 1,864-mile range is one of the Philippines, including Taiwan and Manila. Will spread the threat to the department. North Korea is also known as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).

“Given that LACM can be manufactured much cheaper than ballistic missiles, it’s surprising that North Korea didn’t develop it early,” Fisher said.

If China and North Korea first prioritized nuclear targeting of the Americas, this may explain the first focus on ballistic missiles capable of carrying larger payloads, including relatively primitive nuclear weapons. not.

Epoch Times Photo
In this dateless photo released by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) of North Korea, when Kim Jong Un informally visited Beijing, China, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and his wife Ri Sol-ju, Chinese leader West Kim Jong-un and his wife Pen Li-Yuan meet) March 28, 2018 in Pyongyang. (Via KCNA / Reuters)

Cruise missiles can be launched not only in the air, but also from a variety of platforms, including launchers hidden in submarines and shipping containers. This would provide North Korea with some additional ways to deliver nuclear weapons to the US mainland if they could be miniaturized to fit in cruise missiles. Attaching them as the submarines launch also requires changes.

“North Korea’s LACM needs to make some changes to its air intakes to make it compatible with submarine launches, which can be expected soon,” Fisher wrote. “However, at present, North Korean LACMs can be stored and launched from shipping containers, which could pose a global military and terrorist threat.”

Dr. Geoffrey Lewis of Middlebury International Institute Said On Twitter, “Medium-range land-attack cruise missiles are a fairly serious capability for North Korea. This is another system designed to fly under or around missile defense radar.”

Military Aerospace Expert Thomas Newdick report On September 13, the new North Korean cruise missile tail is similar to the KH-55, and the term “strategic” used by North Korea to describe missiles usually means nuclear capability.

Ankit Panda, Senior Fellow of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace I got it “This will be North Korea’s first cruise missile system with a’strategic’role,” he said on Twitter.

The United States Indo-Pacific Army (USINDOPACOM) has issued a statement. “We are aware of reports of North Korean cruise missile launches. We will continue to monitor the situation and work closely with our allies and partners. This activity will continue to focus on North Korea’s development of military programs. It highlights the threat it poses to its neighbors and the international community. The United States’ commitment to the defense of the Republic of Korea. [South Korea] And Japan remains an ironclad warship. “

In response to the September 13 cruise missile test, Japan and South Korea said they were coordinating with each other and with the United States. Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary said his administration was “concerned” about the reported North Korean missile launch. South Korea said it is analyzing new military threats.

“The United States has no hostile intentions towards North Korea,” said the Biden administration’s special representative for North Korea on Tuesday. He said Washington wanted North Korea to “proactively respond to our multiple offers to meet without preconditions.”

The Japanese prime minister called North Korea’s September 15 ballistic missile test a threat to peace and “outrageous.”

Anders Core

Anders Corr holds a bachelor’s or master’s degree in political science from Yale University (2001) and a PhD in government from Harvard University (2008). He is a principal of Corr Analytics Inc., the publisher of the Journal of Political Risk, and has conducted extensive research in North America, Europe, and Asia. He wrote “The Concentration of Power” (to be announced in 2021) and “No Trespassing” and edited “Great Powers, Grand Strategies”.

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