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Four Reasons for Immigrant Children Arriving Alone in the United States to Cause a “Border Crisis”

Unaccompanied minors wait to meet a border guard agent after crossing the Rio Grande River from Mexico to Texas on March 25, 2021. John Moore / Getty Images Children arriving on the southern border without their parents have presented the past three presidents with political and humanitarian challenges. According to the US Customs and Border Protection, after 19,418 children were detained at the border in 2009, their numbers began to increase significantly. Unaccompanied minors peaked in 2014, with anxiety of 68,000. Analysts say 2021 is moving at a record-breaking pace, with more than 600 children arriving daily on the US-Mexico border. Most are teenagers seeking asylum. Reports of children in facilities such as warehouses and prisons have put President Joe Biden on the defensive for what critics call a “border crisis.” At his first press conference on March 25, 2021, Biden reiterated that it was different from the practice of former President Donald Trump, who introduced a policy of separating migrant children from their parents and keeping them in cages. “We’re not talking about people tearing babies from their mother’s arms,” ​​Biden said. He said his administration was “moving rapidly to drive these children out of border guard facilities.” Based on my research as an immigrant scholar and an analysis of dozens of legal review articles, child migration has long been a source of such annoying bipartisan trouble for four main reasons. Children protest President Obama’s immigration policy in Washington, DC in 2014. The Washington Post via Linda Davidson / Getty Images 1. Children Need to Care Immigrant children simply can’t get a job and protect themselves when they arrive in the United States They are housed and Need to be educated and feed. Some have families and some are in the United States, others are not. By law, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) must transfer unaccompanied children to a facility operated by the DHHS Department’s Refugee Resettlement Administration within 72 hours of their arrest by the Customs and Border Protection. It will not be. While legal status as an immigrant or asylum-seeker is settled (which can take two years or more), authorities seek to connect children with parents, family members, or family friends in the United States. Authorized shelter or foster parent while asylum application or immigration proceedings are in progress. Nonprofits and commercial organizations operate more than 170 housing facilities in 22 states with grants from the Refugee Resettlement Administration. The Trump administration has been forced to cut federal funding for refugee services and close many shelters and resettlements.Biden states that his administration is “moving rapidly no matter what it does.” [Trump] It was dismantled. To address the increasing migration of children and the lack of facilities during the Trump era, Biden ordered an additional 16,000 beds to accommodate these children. Teen immigrants will migrate from Ciudad Juárez, Mexico to Texas on March 21, 2021. John Moore / Getty Images 2. Care costs money. It promotes key sectors of the US economy, such as agriculture and construction. Undocumented children need financial resources. In 2014, the House of Representatives Subcommittee held a hearing on the arrival of the highest child of the year. “The impact is felt nationwide, with a variety of costs involved in education, health care, police, criminal justice, and more,” said Raul Labrador, a lawmaker in Idaho. Children also need translators and lawyers during the immigration process and cannot afford these costs. Providing free legal service is left to the federal, state, and local governments, and nonprofits. Despite these efforts, an estimated 75% to 90% of children are rarely deported in practice, but are subject to US deportation procedures without a lawyer representing them. The community where children are ultimately deployed receives hundreds of new entrants each year and bears the brunt of youth immigrants. “Texas alone has accepted nearly 5,300 children in just seven months earlier this year. The Miami-Dade County, Florida reported an increase of 300 students in the last quarter. Will cost about 000 additional students per additional student, “Labrador said in 2014. The federal government provides resources to cover these costs. However, budgeting is difficult because city authorities are not always informed when children will arrive. DHHS is also faced with criticism of not tracking children placed with sponsors. Immigrant children will learn English in a class created for new Spanish-speaking arrivals in Worthington, Minnesota on September 5, 2019. Courtney Perry / The Washington Post 3. Care is Complex These last two issues simply require policy makers to return these children to their home countries. However, many of these children face violence in their home countries and seek political asylum. As President Biden suggested at the first press conference, sending them home would violate US law requiring the protection of those facing well-founded fears of persecution. The United States also has human rights obligations under international law, prohibiting refugees from returning them to countries facing “cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, torture or other irreparable harm.” I am. In accordance with national and international law, the United States will contact unaccompanied minors’ families to ensure that parents recognize that their child is in the United States and agree that they will probably reside in the United States permanently. is needed. However, finding these parents can be difficult, especially in remote areas of Central America. Younger children may only know their parents’ names, not their addresses or phone numbers. The contact information they have may be out of date or incorrect. 4. Immigration is not a component of anyone These are all big problems, but the US government has solved them before. So why is the country still struggling to effectively address the issue of child immigration 10 years ago? In my analysis, the main reason is politics. Undocumented immigrants, especially children, are not members of Washington’s politicians. They have no say in the US democratic regime. Journalists can and do report on immigration issues, and public interest law firms can and do so on behalf of these children in immigration procedures, but unaccompanied minors simply It is not part of a politician’s voting block or reelection strategy. As a result, this issue is often overlooked or mishandled without actual political impact. Public relations costs are incurred for the presidential administration to be perceived as allowing children to suffer. However, research shows that American voters do not appreciate immigrants on their priority list. And undocumented migrant and refugee children themselves cannot hold politicians accountable for their failure at the border. The photo captions in this article have been modified to reflect Ciudad Juárez crossing the US-Mexico border from Texas. This article has been republished by The Conversation, a non-profit news site aimed at sharing ideas from academic experts. It was written by Ediberto Román of Florida International University. Read more: The US-Mexico border situation is at stake, is that new? Children’s Mental Health: Acting During COVID Becomes a Coping Mechanism and What Parents Can Do to Help Model Minority Myths Hide Racists and Sexists Asian Women Eddie Belt The violence experienced by romance does not work, consult, own shares, or receive funding for companies or organizations that benefit from this article, and is related to non-academic appointments. Is not disclosed.

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