Archaeologists are convinced, based on the evidence currently available, that the shipwreck, which has been declining underwater for over two centuries, is the effort of Captain James Cook.
“We are pleased that this is the last resting place for the most important and controversial ship in Australian maritime history,” said Kevin Sampson, director of the Australian National Maritime Museum, on February 3. Announced.
“I had to check the last piece of the puzzle before I felt I could make this call,” he said of a shipwreck found under the waves of a busy US port on Rhode Island. I did.
Since 1999, archaeologists have been investigating the wreck site.
They are confident that they have found Endeavor, as details such as the structure and shape of the ruins are consistent with the original ship’s 18th-century plans.
Sumption also paid tribute to the team at the Rhode Island Maritime Archeology Project (RIMAP), led by Kathy Abbas, for “their ongoing commitment to the site and its history.”
However, Mr. Abbas said the announcement was “premature” and the data were not definitive, even though the shipwreck was in line with what Endeavor would expect.
“There are many unanswered questions that could overturn such an identification,” she said in a statement.
Sumption said they are still in the process of completing the report and are looking forward to being peer-reviewed and published in due course.
“Archaeological work is ongoing and we look forward to further discussion of the evidence over the next few months. We look forward to continuing to work on Rhode Island as we move on to the next stage. “I will.”
The Endeavor landed in Australia on April 29, 1770. This was the first European ship to reach Australia’s west coast and launched an event of movement that culminated in British colonization. But the location of the historic ship has been a mystery for centuries.
During the American Revolutionary War, Britain sank a ship with four other ships in 1778 and closed the harbor.
This meant that it was very unlikely that you would find an artifact that provided immediate identification.
“It was because everything of value had been removed from the ship before it sank,” said James Hunter, a marine archaeologist who was tasked with building a 3D model of Endeavor.
“But what has been restored by this point shows the time frame of the 18th century,” Hunter added.
Only about 15% of the ship remains and the focus is now on what can be done to protect and preserve the ship.
“The museum continues to work closely with Rhode Island maritime experts, Australia, Rhode Island, and the US Government,” said Samphon.
“This is an important historical moment, as the ship’s role in exploration, astronomy and science applies not only to Australia, but also to New Zealand’s Aotearoa, the United Kingdom and the United States.”
Endeavor’s original anchor, recovered in the 1970s, is located at the Cooktown Museum (formerly James Cook Museum) in Cooktown, Farnorth, Queensland, Australia.
In 1770, Cook and his crew spent about 48 days repairing Endeavor near the mouth of the Endeavor River after stranded on the Great Barrier Reef.
During this time, Cook interacted with the local Google Immedia Aboriginal people, from which he recorded the word gangaloo, a bouncing marsupial animal. This is today known as a kangaroo.