Risk of severe illness or death due to COVID-19 “very low” in children

According to a new study, the risk of severe illness and death from COVID-19 is “very low” in children and adolescents.

The study, led by researchers at University College London (UCL), Imperial College London, the University of Bristol, the University of York, and the University of Liverpool, could lead to serious illness in existing healthcare professionals while catching COVID-19. I also found that my sexuality increased. Condition and severe disability, overall risk remained low.

One of the pre-print studies led by Dr. Claire Smith of the University of Bristol found that between March 2020 and February 2021, 61 children and adolescents died positive on the COVID-19 test. It was.

Of these, about 40% died of COVID-19. This means that out of an estimated 469,000 infectious diseases, 25 children and adolescents actually died from the virus.

Dr. Smith told reporters at a briefing that this meant that “99.995 percent of children and adolescents infected with COVID-19 in the United Kingdom survived.”

Another study, led by Dr. Joseph Ward of the UCL Great Ormond Street Child Health Institute, found that 251 young people under the age of 18 in the United Kingdom were admitted to the COVID-19 intensive care unit from the first year to the end of the pandemic. understood. February 2021.

Researchers said this equals about one in 50,000 young people in that age group in the United Kingdom being hospitalized for intensive care with COVID-19 during that period.

Russell Viner, a professor of child and adolescent health at UCL and a member of Sage, said in a briefing: For example, twice the very small risk is still a very small risk. It’s 10 times the very small risk, but it’s still a very small risk. “

Professor Weiner added that the risk factors found are “quite identical” to those that can be identified in adults, such as old age, non-whiteness, obesity, and multiple health conditions, especially cardiovascular disease. Diabetes.

He also said that those at higher risk, who are “still at small risk”, would have been at risk for “almost all winter viruses.”

Dr. Ward also said: “The factors associated with an increased risk of severe COVID-19 appear to be largely consistent in both children and adults.

“Our study found that black young people and young people with health conditions such as diabetes, asthma, and cardiovascular disease were at higher risk of intensive care than whites. Young people in the condition were at the highest risk. “

Dr. Rachel Harwood of the University of Liverpool, lead author of the third preprint study, said: 19 Illness, which we have known for a long time in adults, is becoming an important risk for children and adolescents. “

Preliminary findings have been sent to the UK Joint Commission on Immunization and Immunization (JCVI), the Ministry of Health, and the World Health Organization to inform them of vaccine and shield policies for people under the age of 18. ..

Professor Weiner said: “Pediatricians seem to have too many children protected by the first element of the pandemic, and this data suggests that very few children need to be protected.”

Dr. Liswitterker, a clinical lecturer and pediatric infectious disease and immunology consultant at Imperial College London, said that the vast majority of children are in society, attending school, exercising, and receiving occupational and speech therapy. He added that he would make a big profit. Speech therapy.

“These benefits far outweigh the small potential risks of getting sick with COVID,” she said.

Will JCVI extend deployment by reviewing data from vaccine trials in children and adolescents after the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency approved the use of the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine in June between the ages of 12 and 15? I have decided.

Professor Weiner said: “In a sense, we have confirmed that the risk is very low, but some groups, such as the neuropathy group, do show that they are at risk of death.

“They already have access (to vaccines) through the Green Book, but some of the risks here are not much different from those of already vaccinated groups, such as young adults.

“So JCVI will think carefully about equity angles, I’m sure.”

Dr. Whittaker said the study helps the government confirm that the Green Book, a guide to vaccination practices for health professionals, covers the “whole cohort of children” for which vaccination should be recommended. I added that it would be.

By Elmira Tanatarova

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