Russia’s unsustainable loss of equipment in Ukraine

Almost any army in the world can be selected, including Britain, France, and Germany, and these losses exceed their total inventory.

According to the open source database Oryx, Russia has lost 1,183 tanks and 1,304 infantry fighting vehicles since the February 24 invasion of Ukraine. Even more surprisingly, Ukraine captured a significant percentage of them. The category has already been repurposed due to a fight with the previous owner. These figures are visually confirmed Russian losses. The actual number is probably higher.

Ukraine has also lost equipment, but due to the relative scarcity of hardware, careful protection of what it has, and the defensive nature of the war so far, equipment is losing 1,627 vehicles, including 267 tanks and her 244 infantry fighting vehicles, As Oryx.

A Ukrainian National Guard soldier stands over a destroyed Russian tank near the border with Russia in the Kharkiv region of Ukraine on Monday, September 19, 2022. It fights for months during the summer. Only now, after Ukrainian forces have recaptured the area and a ferocious counterattack has pushed Russian forces back across the border, can the corpses scattered on the battlefield be collected. (AP Photo/Leo Correa) )

A member of the National Guard of Ukraine stands on top of a destroyed Russian tank in the Kharkov region. (AP/Leo Correa)

At first glance, Russia’s losses are unsustainable. But what’s even more surprising is that its “elite” units are bleeding the most supplies. The 4th Guards Tank Division lost nearly 100 of his T-80U tanks after the Ukrainian Kharkov counteroffensive, in which Kyiv is estimated to have retaken her 3,500 square miles. (Only the 4th Guards Tank Division operates this model.)

Russia has lost proportionally more modern tanks than old tank models. For example, the T-72B3 — introduced in 2010 — and his T-72B3 Obr.2016 — dating back to 2016 — are his two of the most common tanks lost.

We also know that Russian losses are burning in reserve vehicles. As Russia has run out of newer, more capable tanks, we are seeing more and more of the very old T-62M tanks. Using these tanks will also exacerbate the Kremlin’s manpower shortage. The T-62 does not have an autoloader and, unlike more modern Russian types, it automatically loads shells into the main gun. Required crew on T-72, T-80, or T-90 models.

Ukrainian soldiers work on a tank abandoned by Russian forces during the retreat in the northern Kharkiv region, September 20, 2022.  (Photo: SERGEY BOBOK/AFP) (Photo: SERGEY BOBOK/AFP via Getty Images)

Ukrainian soldiers work on tanks abandoned by Russian troops during the retreat. (Sergey Bobok/AFP via Getty Images)

Importantly, the Ukrainians captured more tanks than they lost, according to Oryx’s visually confirmed data.

Ukraine is a former Soviet bloc country, so soldiers also have the advantage of being familiar with operating used Russian tanks.

Of course, some captured Russian vehicles are easier to repurpose than others. Some were abandoned in near-perfect condition, while others were damaged beyond repair.

A Ukrainian ‘Independence Day’ parade in Kyiv featured a number of captured Russian tanks that appeared to be operational but suffered extensive damage to their engines and internals. did. Many of the T-80 tanks captured by the Ukrainians early in the war seem to have run out of fuel. Not only are their turbine engines very thirsty, Rasputica — the heavy mud that hardened Ukraine at the start of the war — further reducing gas mileage. Many crews had to abandon their vehicles and withdraw because strained Russian logistics forces were unable to maintain supplies.

People walk around a destroyed Russian military vehicle set up in downtown Kyiv, Ukraine, Wednesday, August 24, 2022.  (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)

People walk around a destroyed Russian military vehicle set up in downtown Kyiv, Ukraine, Wednesday, August 24, 2022. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)

However, even heavily damaged armored vehicles can be a useful source of spare parts. Ukrainian soldiers also remove all working machine guns from such vehicles for use as infantry weapons. There are many examples of Ukrainian soldiers upgrading captured Russian vehicles on their own. For example, adding thermal sights, extra armor, and even Starlink satellite internet to a captured BTR-82 armored personnel carrier, or bolting an MT-12 anti-tank gun to the roof of a captured MT-LB armored personnel carrier. An effective makeshift tank destroyer by locking it in. They also took components from destroyed Russian vehicles, such as the BM-21 Grad’s multiple rocket launchers, and added them to a civilian pickup his truck for a lightly armed yet highly maneuverable rocket. I am creating a launch vehicle.

Given the import restrictions in the West, it will be difficult to replace Russian sophisticated cars. His T-72B3 of Russia uses the “Catherine” thermal imaging system manufactured by the French multinational defense contractor Thales. Russia imported these systems because it does not have the capacity to build them domestically and has few other sources from which to obtain this sophisticated equipment. China, a nominal ally of Russia, is curtailing exports of microprocessors needed for Russia’s new missiles, a secondary threat to those seen as supplying Putin’s war machine. There is almost no doubt that it is because they are afraid of severe sanctions.

This photo taken on September 14, 2022 shows a destroyed Russian MT-LB armored personnel carrier burning in a field outside Izym, Kharkiv province, eastern Ukraine, during the Russian invasion of Ukraine .  (Photo by Juan BARRETO/AFP) (Photo by JUAN BARRETO/AFP via Getty Images)

A destroyed Russian MT-LB armored personnel carrier burns in a field outside Izium, Ukraine. (Juan Barreto/AFP via Getty Images)

Ukrainians have also captured a number of sophisticated Russian electronic warfare systems. Not only will these attract the interest of Ukraine’s Western partners (particularly the United States), but studying these systems may help Ukraine effectively counter Russian electronic warfare efforts. . These systems can also be reinstated against their original owners after investigation by the Ukrainians. Again, most modern Russian equipment is operated in a manner familiar to Ukrainian military officers accustomed to operating former Soviet and Russian military equipment.

In the air, Russia has not fared so well, losing a significant number of its most sophisticated and conceptually most capable fixed and rotary wing platforms. The machine was destroyed. Many of these were shot down by portable anti-aircraft systems. Russia’s lack of precision-guided weapons forces aircraft to fly low, dropping “stupid” unguided bombs, and within range of these shoulder-launched short-range ballistic missiles. Because I brought them to Range, surface-to-air missile. They also lost at least 16 of his Ka-52 “Alligator” attack helicopters. This is their most sophisticated and modern rotorcraft.