The border crisis began in Washington, DC — and the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals
In February, border guards arrested 96,974 illegal immigrants on the southwestern border. This is the highest price in 15 years this month. Immigrants were very different from those in February 2006, but many began to abuse loopholes and the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals created in Washington a few years ago. .. Historical Trends Prior to 2011, 90% of concerns about illegal immigrants were primarily due to single adults from Mexico. But last month, less than 71% were single adults, about 9.6% were minors traveling without parents (known as “unaccompanied foreign children” or “UACs”), and 19.5%. Adults with children (family unit or “FMU”). Of the unaccompanied minors arrested this year, 63% come from the Central American Northern Triangle (NTCA) (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras), and nearly 64% of family-based minors do. was. Still, less than 31 percent of single adults come from the Northern Triangles. (In fact, nearly 60% were from Mexico.) As 40% of recently arrested migrants were expelled and re-entered, the total percentage of actual migrants with unaccompanied children and families is based on these figures. It may be higher than suggested, but as explained below, it is unlikely that family members and children (especially) will be expelled. As Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mallorcus argued, if Mexico and NTCA’s “poverty, high levels of violence, corruption” promote illegal immigration, single adults, minors, in the North Triangle, The proportion of families should be approximate. the same. However, this is not the case as legal loopholes encourage the entry of “non-Mexico” (OTM) minors and families. Flores The first of these loopholes is the Flores Settlement Agreement signed by the Ministry of Justice in 1997. The agreement remains valid, requiring unaccompanied minors to be placed in authorized shelters and encouraging their release from detention. However, the Flores term has become more widely applied. In 2014, border guards arrested more than 68,445 family members, resulting in a 360% increase each year. That amount has strained the limited resources of government agencies. Mexicans could be returned immediately, but members of immigrant families from elsewhere could not be returned, and the border guard process took an average of 78.5 hours. However, border guard facilities were built to accommodate adults, not families, for several hours. The Obama administration responded by detaining the family in an unlicensed facility, but Flores’ plaintiffs alleged that this “not release” policy violated the settlement. In 2015, the judge who oversaw Flores decided that it would also apply to children traveling with their families and should be released within 20 days. In July 2016, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals confirmed the order. Parents are also usually released to avoid family separation. Not surprisingly, the number of non-Mexico families increased by 169 percent between 2015 (39,838) and 2018 (107,212). In 2015, 86% of family-based migrants came from the Northern Triangle. Three years later, 96.5 percent did. Legislation and other loopholes were the work of Congress. Under the Department of Homeland Security Act of 2002, which created the DHS and abolished the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Congress held the US Department of Health and Human Services responsible for the detention of minors. Six years later, under the Trafficking Victims Protection Reapproval Act (TVPRA), Congress distinguished Canadian and Mexican unaccompanied minors from minors in other countries. Under TVPRA, minors in Mexico and Canada are not afraid of harm and can be immediately repatriated if they are not trafficked. However, people from other countries must be sent to HHS regardless of whether they have an asylum claim or are trafficked. HHS detains minors in contract shelters, and TVPRA requires most to be sponsored by the United States. In 2017, the DHS reported that about 60% of minors were illegally placed with their parents here, suggesting that parents are abusing the law to reunify with their children abroad. I will. To make matters worse, a federal judge who ruled a fourth underage smuggler in four weeks in December 2013 said: .. .. By handing over a minor to the custody of a US parent. Not surprisingly, minor anxiety surged from 19,688 in 2009 to 68,541 in 2014 after the passage of TVPRA, and borders surged as mentioned above. Also, while 82% of unaccompanied minors in 2009 were Mexicans, 75% in 2014 were from the Northern Triangle. To prevent “zero tolerance” and the surge in 2019 “illegal” immigrants, Attorney General Jeff Sessions in May 2018 implemented a “zero tolerance” policy to direct criminal charges for all illegal immigrants. .. The administrative policy was applied to parents traveling with their children (who passed DOJ custody for prosecution), but not to the children themselves. When parents were charged, the child was considered unaccompanied and required by law to be sent to HHS for placement with a sponsor, resulting in “family separation.” In the face of criticism, President Trump in June 2018 ordered adults to be detained in DHS detention with children during criminal charges, but CBP subsequently referred most illegal immigrants to prosecution. I stopped doing it. Since then, family anxiety surged to 473,682 in 2019. This is an increase of 441% each year, causing a border “crisis”. Almost 90 percent of those families came from the Northern Triangle. In April 2019, a bipartisan federal committee tasked with assessing the crisis issued a report stating: Dangerous remote areas between Immigration (POE) until the dynamics that cause this trend change. Why family migration “surged”[ing]”? Those migrants should have been placed in “quick removal”. That is, they should have been quickly evaluated by the DHS to determine if they had applied for asylum. Otherwise, they should have been detained and removed promptly. However, the processing, care and transportation of these families consumed 40% of the border guard’s resources and remained unmanned. Also, ICE could only detain families under Flores for 20 days, so it maintained only adequate detention space for a family of 2,500. As a result, CBP skipped prompt removal, released the family with an appearance notice (“NTA”, request for removal procedure), and waited for an asylum hearing, which could take up to five years to complete. .. Still, the panel found that most were denied asylum, but “very few” were actually removed. The Commission said the release of NTA-only families by border guards was a “much more major” pull factor “” for more FMUs to illegally invade by a decision of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. I concluded. Parliament has implemented a “Flores Amendment” to fund a center where families are detained while asylum applications are heard immediately and to clarify that the settlement agreement does not apply to children traveling with their families. I asked you to do it. It also amended the TVPRA to allow unaccompanied minors to be repatriated to parents returning to a country seeking reunification, and changed asylum laws, not after migrants entered the country illegally. We recommended that you require that you make a claim at a legal place of entry. Parliament did not implement these recommendations, so Trump worked with Mexico to control the southern border and implement an initiative to prevent illegal entry. Among these was the Immigration Protocol (also known as the “MPP”, “Stay in Mexico” program), which returned non-Mexican immigrants to Mexico and awaited US asylum hearings. .. After implementing these initiatives in September 2019, concerns fell 70% from 132,856 in May to 40,507. In response to the March 2020 coronavirus pandemic, the CDC issued a “Title 42” order demanding the expulsion of most illegal immigrants to Mexico. Anxiety plummeted to 16,182 in April 2020 as immigrants stopped coming to the country when they realized they would not be released. They then soared, but in February after President Biden ended his MPP and other Trump policies, they soared to 96,974, the highest in 15 years. Most have been banished under the orders of Title 42 of the Trump era (for now), but not unaccompanied minors, and increasingly families. Play much of 2019 and many will be released soon. Unless these loopholes are closed, the border crisis will be catastrophic. However, the Biden administration does not seem to have any plans to do so.