Serious food insecurity is rising as record 49 million people face the threat of famine: Report


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Program (WFP) have warned of multiple upcoming food crises caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, climate change shocks, and the protracted effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

June 7 Report (pdf) The organization entitled “Hotspots for Hunger-FAO-WFP’s Early Warning on Acute Food Insecurity” could “further” acute food insecurity in 20 countries around the world between now and September 2022. He said he was sexual and called for urgent humanitarian action.

In addition, the organization said that 49 million people in 46 countries around the world could face famine or famine-like situations unless they received “immediate life and livelihood support.”

This figure includes 750,000 people who are already in a “catastrophe.” This is defined as an area with “a very significant level of acute malnutrition and mortality.”

According to the organization, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen continue to be “highest alert” to severe food instability, and Afghanistan and Somalia have said this since FAO and WFP released their last hotspot report. This is a new entrant to the “Category of Interest”. January 2022.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Sahel, Sudan, and Syria are still “very concerned” countries due to the worsening crisis, and Kenya has been added to the list.

Meanwhile, Sri Lanka, West African coastal countries (Benin, Cape Verde, Guinea), Ukraine and Zimbabwe have been added to the list of hotspot countries and have joined Angola, Lebanon, Madagascar and Mozambique as countries with a partial population. In the coming months, we may face a significant deterioration in acute food security.

Repeated climate shocks such as droughts, floods and hurricanes have affected agriculture and livestock, and in some countries after the COVID-19 pandemic, in addition to dire macroeconomic conditions, the global conflict between Russia and Ukraine The collapse has made the situation even worse in some countries. , According to the report.

Meanwhile, rising energy costs and huge public debt burdens, another side effect of the ongoing military conflict in Ukraine, have exacerbated the situation in many countries.

“We are deeply concerned about the combined consequences of a combination of crises endangering people’s food production and access to food, driving millions of people into extreme food insecurity. “FaO’s Secretary of State Qu Dongyu said. “We are in the fight against time to help farmers in the most affected countries, including rapidly increasing potential food production and increasing resilience in the face of challenges.”

In April, the World Bank warned of the possibility of a “human disaster” due to the food crisis caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. This could raise food prices by 37% and have the greatest impact on the poorest countries.

Food prices in May fell 0.6% month-on-month to 157.4 points, just below March’s record high of 159.7 points, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). index..

The May decline was due to lower costs of vegetable oil and lower prices of dairy products in addition to sugar. However, the prices of grains and meat have risen.

However, given that Ukraine and Russia are the major producers of wheat and corn in the world, a decrease in the former production could lead to further increases in the prices of major global commodities.

Catabella Roberts

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Katabella Roberts is a reporter currently based in Turkey. She focuses primarily on the United States and covers the news and business of The Epoch Times.

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